Innovations in Ramadan/Qur’an Completions

Figure 1A: The Umayyad Family Central Masjid in Damascus during Ramadan.

Figure 1A: The Umayyad Family Central Masjid in Damascus during Ramadan.

The following question was asked of a marja`:

We have a very good custom that we carry out when completing the Qur’an in the month of Ramadan. There are a number of Qur’an completions that are done every night in a masjid.

My question is to do with the prayer of Tarawih in which the imam of the prayer recites from Surat ud-Duha (93) to Surat un-Nas (114). After every surah the imam recites, both he and the congregation say aloud in one voice:

There is no god but Allah. Allah is the Greatest and Allah deserves all praise.

The imam in the prayer then makes the takbir and bows down. Is this permissible?

Likewise there are other specific statements of dhikr that we have that are said aloud after every two raka`ah of Tarawih.

What is said is,

Bounty, Favour, Forgiveness and Mercy are from Allah. Encompasser in Forgiveness! Allah!

After every four raka`ah, they then make that same dhikr and then they make intercession aloud with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and the four khalifahs by saying:

At Badr, Muhammad. Blessings be upon him and our master Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him, and may Allah benefit us in this life and the Hereafter. Allah!

 And our master `Umar Al-Faruq, may Allah be pleased with him, and may Allah benefit us in this life and the Hereafter. Allah!

And our master `Uthman ibn `Affan, may Allah be pleased with him, and may Allah benefit us in this life and the Hereafter. Allah!

And our master `Ali Ibn Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, and may Allah benefit us in this life and the Hereafter. Allah!

 

The marja,` Imam `Abdur-Rahman Ash-Shami, may Allah preserve him, answered with what follows:

What you have mentioned of their doings in the prayer has not been narrated and is not to besought.

As for the statements of dhikr that they are making after every two raka`ah and the like, the best thing to do is to leave that and take hold of the Sunnah in that regard.

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