Imam Muhammad `Abdul Latif As-Subki

Figure 1A: A portrait of Imam Muhammad `Abdul Latif As-Subki
Figure 1A: A portrait of Imam Muhammad `Abdul Latif As-Subki

1304-1388 AH

Birth

He is Muhammad `Abdul Latif ibn Muhammad Musa As-Subki Al-Azhari Al-Masri Al-Hanbali Al-Khalwati. Born in the village of Subuk Ad-Dahhak in the district of Al-Manufiyyah in Egypt, he came from a family of upright people and due to the village he came from, he had the title As-Subki.

Early Life and Learning

After the completion of the Qur’an at a young age, he enrolled in Al-Azhar University and began a process of intensive study for the better part of two decades. Upon completion of his work, he had memorised the six books of hadith (these being the collections of Imams Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud At-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and An-Nasa’ii) as well as books of fiqh.

The fiqh manuals included Al-Muqni` by Imam Muwaffaq ud-Din Ibn Qudamah (d. 620 AH) and the summary Zad ul-Mustaqni` by Imam Musa al-Hajjawi (d. 968 AH) and built his fatawa upon Al-Kafi and Al-Mughni, both by Imam Muwaffaq ud-Din Ibn Qudamah Al-Maqdisi (d. 620 AH).

A Momentous Time

The Imam lived in the time when communism came to Egypt and he sacrificed himself to fight against it and also the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood under the leadership of the charismatic Sayyid Qutb.

Figure 2A: “I did not refer to that group as ‘the Muslim Brotherhood’ once I came to know that such a name was false for this group. After their numbers increased, it was known decisively their true objectives and their sinful outcomes could be seen by all. It contradicts all of what was known from before up until today. Indeed Islam in truth is trust, rectification of character, as well as beneficial deeds to be done by all. Yes, Islam is a call to righteousness and safety and the establishment, submission and travelling to the highest human objectives indicated in the light of the Book and the Sunnah of His Messenger.” Imam Muhammad `Abdul Latif As-Subki regarding the ‘Muslim Brotherhood.’
Figure 2A: “I did not refer to that group as ‘the Muslim Brotherhood’ once I came to know that such a name was false for this group. After their numbers increased, it was known decisively their true objectives and their sinful outcomes could be seen by all. It contradicts all of what was known from before up until today. Indeed Islam in truth is trust, rectification of character, as well as beneficial deeds to be done by all. Yes, Islam is a call to righteousness and safety and the establishment, submission and travelling to the highest human objectives indicated in the light of the Book and the Sunnah of His Messenger.” Imam Muhammad `Abdul Latif As-Subki regarding the ‘Muslim Brotherhood.’

During the year 1344 AH, he was declared as marja` and also asked to join a panel of some of the most influential scholars of Egypt. These scholars included himself, the Maliki marja` Hassanain Muhammad Makhluf, another Maliki marja` by the name of Muhammad at-Tanikhi, the Shafi`ii marja` `Isa Manun and the Hanafi jurist, Mahmud Shaltut, who was Shaikh ul-Azhar.

Across the border, a war was waging that would precipitate the later foundation of the state of Israel and letters poured in across the Muslim world asking what the ruling on the matter was according to the four madhhabs.

Imam as-Subki was the first one to pronounce on the issue and received citations from the other scholars in support of his work. This was not the end of his tests. The next test came from a close friend of his, Mahmud Shaltut.

Shaikh ul-Azhar for some time, Shaltut had passed numerous rulings stating that the Prophet `Isa, peace be upon him, was dead and would not return, the Punishment of the Grave was not established, usury taken from the banks was valid and that singly narrated ahadith were not part of the creed.

Like the vast majority of Hanafi jurists in the Muslim West from the second to the seventh century AH, Shaikh Shaltut was Mu`tazilah in his theology; but saying this, whenever he was debated with and overwhelmed by an argument, he would change his position.

Imams like As-Subki, Muhammad Sa`id Ramadan Al-Bouti, Muhammad Al-Ahmadi Az-Zawahiri (also a Shaikh ul-Azhar) and countless others spent their precious time debating with the Mu`tazilah Imam so that he might be guided.

The end result was that according to an eye witness account of Imam Muhammad Sa`id Ramadan Al-Bouti, on his death bed, Shaikh Shaltut ordered all previous books of his to be destroyed and affirmed the entire creed of Muslim Orthodoxy. He then died a short time after that.

Later Life and Death

Imam Muhammad `Abdul Latif As-Subki gave rulings above the number of 100 and published more than 10 books on a range of subjects such as communism, feminism, crop destruction, nuclear energy, the Muslim Brotherhood, the flaws inherent in representative government in addition to the texts detailing the link between destruction of marriage, children born out of wedlock and the later incidents of juvenile and adult crime.

He breathed his last in the year 1388 AH and was gathered to his people and buried. The footprint he left still leaves on and the Hanbali veranda he taught at is still inhabited and has instructors teaching there today.

 

Imam Yusuf Al-Qaddumi

Figure 1A: A portrait of Imam Yusuf Al-Qaddumi
Figure 1A: A portrait of Imam Yusuf Al-Qaddumi

1290-1351 AH

One of the Maraji` of Sham

Referred to as the high ranking scholar, the fiqh scholar, the excellent mujahid, the Shaikh, he is Yusuf ibn `Abdullah ibn `Awdah ibn `Abdullah ibn `Isa Sufan Al-Qaddumi An-Nabulsi.

The Shaikh was born in the year 1290 AH in the city of Nablus (near the hamlet of Kafr Qaddum) and raised in the home of his parents. Shaikh Yusuf took his first lessons with his father and the marja`, Shaikh `Abdullah Sufan Al-Qaddumi (d. 1331 AH), being taught to read and write and basic arithmetic.

Beginning his first and introductory sciences and some smaller texts, this prepared the way for what he would later become when he completed his studies. In the year 1307 AH, he had completed the entire memorisation and recital of the Qur’an according to the rules of tajwid from the transmission of Hafs ibn Abi Sulaiman Al-Kufi narrated from `Asim.

After this, he headed with other students to begin the madrasah programme at the Central Masjid As-Salahi in Nablus; while there he was immersed in fiqh, hadith, the science of tajwid, inheritance and Arabic. These lessons were started with his father – who was also a teacher there – and a near relative, Shaikh Musa Al-Qaddumi (d. 1336 AH).

In addition to this, there was also whatever lessons he took from his elder brother, the Shakh Mahmud Afandi Al-Qaddumi.

There were other teachers present who he learned from and started the long journey of going through hadith collections. The collections studied and mastered were from the following scholars: Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, An-Nasa’ii and others.

Having started with the continuously narrated hadith first, he graduated to more complex discussion and commentaries. By the time he finished, he received an authorisation and permission to narrate chains of transmission from the six collections. After another few years, he was declared marja` by the marja` people of Nablus for the school of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal.

After his marja`iyyah, Shaikh Yusuf Al-Qaddumi spend his time fighting in wars against the invading British and also the rise of the Zionism movement started by Theodore Herzl. The Second European Civil War also led to German spies and a presence in the Palestinian territories that disturbed the Shaikh.

This led to him fighting in a number of resistance movements. During this time, he was writing texts about developments and giving rulings that have been collected into ten small works. His father, Shaikh `Abdullah Sufan Al-Qaddumi, had his son write introductions to two of his books.

After a lifetime of service and fighting (physically and with words), Shaikh Yusuf Al-Qaddumi died in the year 1351 AH and was buried in the family crypt in Nablus.

Arab Christians also Suffer in Israel…But is Some Change Coming?

The following is an article form the BBC Website on the situation of Christians in Israel and how not just Arab Muslims but even Arab Christians continue to have problems accessing their holy sites. Don’t forget the fact that the Israeli government blocked the Christian procession from Gaza and the West Bank to Bethlehem and Jerusalem – which had been happening for more than 1600 years – which has been completely ignored by most of the mainstream press.

New hope for Holy Land’s minefield churches

16 May 2016 Middle East

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The soil is parched clay and crackles underfoot, and the only sound we can hear is birdsong.

The seven buildings on this site have lain silent and empty since 1967.

This is a place where pilgrims fear to tread, fenced off with barbed wire and a locked gate, even though it is bisected by the road leading down to the site on the River Jordan where Christians believe Jesus was baptised by John, and began his public ministry.

For almost 50 years, the churches – built in Byzantine times but later booby-trapped, mined and pockmarked by artillery fire – have been crumbling gently in the middle of a minefield.

It was laid mainly by Israeli troops during the 1967 War, when Israel captured the land west of the River Jordan, known today as the occupied West Bank.

The sensitivities of the site have made clearing it and making it safe something of a political minefield that the British charity, the Halo Trust, has had to negotiate with caution, making clear its credentials as a neutral humanitarian mine-clearance organisation.

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More than 300,000 pilgrims make the journey every year to the west bank of the River Jordan to the baptism site known as Qasr El-Yahud.

Its name is said to come from the “Crossing of the Jews”, as it is where Joshua is believed to have led the Israelites and the Ark of the Covenant over the river to safety.

The site on the riverbank is once again a major place of pilgrimage for Christians around the world since its reopening in 2011.

In fact, it is one of the most important Christian sites in the Holy Land.

Pope Saint John Paul II visited by helicopter in 2000.

And, in 2014, Pope Francis went to the Jordanian site on the opposite bank of the river, before he entered Israel.

Building community links

The Halo Trust is well aware of the many sensitivities involved here, and has spent much time negotiating the agreement to make safe this sacred site, hoping not just to clear the mines but to help build links between fractured communities.

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Agreement was reached not only with the Israeli government and the Palestinian Authority, but also with the seven Orthodox denominations represented on the site – by the Greek, Russian, Syrian, Coptic, Romanian and Ethiopian churches, as well as a plot of land owned by the Armenians – and the Roman Catholics, represented on the site by a Franciscan church.

The Patriarch of Jerusalem, Theophilos III, describes it as a “great sign of reconciliation” and a way of illuminating the sacred history connected to the land.

The Halo Trust is already involved in other mine-clearance projects in the West Bank, but this may be its most challenging yet from the perspective of keeping united all those with a stake in the clearance of this high-profile site.

The Holy Land has long been a place where sacred sites can divide, rather than unite.

According to Michael Heiman, technology and standards manager at the Israeli National Mine Action Authority, one of the reasons that the area was not made safe sooner was thanks to fears that the churches could suffer further damage during the clearance.

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As we walk cautiously closer towards the sealed-off churches, the West Bank project manager at the Halo Trust, Ronen Shimoni, says the 1-sq-km (0.4-sq-mile) site contains more than 2,600 anti-tank mines, another 1,200 anti-personnel mines, and an unknown number of booby-traps within the churches, as well as unexploded ordnance left behind after the fighting.

Those carrying out the actual clearance of the site will be Georgians who have already worked on other projects here, although the director of the Palestinian Mine Action Centre, Brig Juma Abdeljabbar, says Palestinians will be involved as part of the wider team.

“We have one and a half million mines in the Palestinian Territories and the Jordan Valley,” he says.

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“There are a huge number of mines and unexploded ordnance in some areas.

“There are kids who don’t realise the danger of these things and they collect one and take it home, then they play with it, so it explodes.

“We have an injury every 10 days because of the unexploded ordnance.”

With the temperature rising to over 40C, Major General James Cowan, chief executive of the Halo Trust, visits the site with us, treading carefully beside the barbed wire fences bearing signs warning of mines.

Visiting pilgrims

The site is otherwise sealed off to visitors, with buses full of pilgrims speeding straight past on the road that leads down to the river.

As a former commander of British forces in Helmand, Afghanistan, from 2009-10, after serving in Iraq and Northern Ireland, Major General Cowan became all too familiar with the human cost of war.

“This project means a lot to me,” he says.

“I used to be a soldier, and I served in lots of places where mines were killing and injuring soldiers.

“Many of my friends and comrades were hurt or killed by improvised explosive devices.

“So it matters to me on a personal level, as well. ”

“Our purpose is to return this very ancient site to its former purpose, to something that will endure long into the future, and help the Christian communities, the Israelis and Palestinians and all mankind to be able to come here.

“The great joy of being able to clear it of landmines is that once a mine is gone, it’s gone forever, so pilgrims can come and they can celebrate all that this place means.”

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That afternoon, Canon Andrew White – best known as the “Vicar of Baghdad” – visits the site, viewing the project as one that brings hope of a rebirth on many levels.

“This is a site of restoration, and we hope not just of restoration but also of reconciliation and of rebuilding relationships,” he says.

“I would love to see this place, so known for destruction and death, become a place where those who have hated each other can come together as friends.”

The work itself will not be easy or quick; it is likely to take between 18 and 20 months.

The soil is treacherous, and prone to flooding, meaning that mines have moved from where they may originally have lain.

There is also the small matter of the $4m (£2.7m) the Halo Trust needs to raise before the demining can be completed.

Then, the plan is for the site to be designated a national park, rather than a military area.

Peace in the Middle East may still be a distant dream, but at least this one small but significant corner of disputed land may soon be cleared of the deadly debris of war.

So Then… Hip-Hop is Filth as well

Figure 1A: Afrika Bambaataa, universally hailed as the Godfather of Hip-Hop, a genre that began in the South Bronx of New York.
Figure 1A: Afrika Bambaataa, universally hailed as the Godfather of Hip-Hop, a genre that began in the South Bronx of New York.

We now sit in the aftermath of the explosion of allegations against Afrika Bambaata involving sexual exploitation, molestation, pederasty and rape of minor boys and adolescents. This sickness has led to the dismissal of Bambaataa from the Hip Hop Chess Federation along with HHCF founder Adisa Banjoko severing ties with the Zulu Nation, also founded by Bambaataa; the Universal Zulu Nation, founded by Bambaataa in the Bronx, NY, has had him step down from his post as universal leader.

Rather than come out and directly address the charges that he molested “hundreds”of boys based upon the statements of his former bodyguard, high ranking members, high ranking associates within the Harlem community that have links to the Bronx, Bambaataa has gone underground.

There are a number of things that need to be kept in mind:

  1. This is after the statute of limitations, which is 7.5 years for bringing charges and conviction that will lead to jail time.
  2. Those that have leveled the charges are a large number, including former friends, bodyguards, high ranking members of his own Zulu Nation and all of these victims are male without any dispute.
  3. This “Godfather of Hip-Hop” has not even bothered to come out and address the issue in a systematic and direct manner (denying the existence of one of his most outspoken accusers, Ronald Savage) and those in New York who knew/know him all said that this was something well known of Bambaataa and were more shocked that people are surprised by this than by the actions themselves.

This needs to be kept in mind for everyone. At another point, members in the New York hip-hop movement have been saying for some time that this is a part of music culture in general and hip-hip culture IN PARTICULAR. If one individual or two accused someone of something, this is possible and can often be ignored by the accused as perhaps slander or a lie. I have dealt with internet fiends and e-mail criminals before threatening to “expose me” and leveling all kinds of baseless and false charges that had to do with theology (an organisation even claimed I promote craven and wanton violence (!)) and they ultimately wound up being exposed and left in a lurch. This can certainly be ignored.

But think about the case where accusers reach double digit numbers, people that were in your inner circle and even people in the industry are exasperated at people being surprised at something that they knew to be common knowledge all along.

It is at this point that if you are accused you have to say something. Bambaataa stepped down but other members of the Zulu Nation inner council have not stepped down. This is a sickness.

Lord Jamar has attempted to cover the event but offered less than a convincing reply.

The cover ups have been sickening with protection offered from no less than another rap pioneer, KRS-One.

 

When Afrika Bambaataa called in to be interviewed by Ed Lover and Monie Love, no substantive and in depth questing was administered on the individual in question. Monie Love at one point interjected and stated that at the time she came to New York when she was 17 years of age, nothing untoward was done to her by Bambaataa. This is specious as all the accusers of Bambaataa, which are male, assert that he is a pederast, which by necessity would exclude her. We need to understand the background to this filth to get a better feel. The Universal Zulu Nation was indeed founded by Afrika Bambaataa in the South Bronx to unify people in the area and try to offer alternatives to the gang culture of the time. Black Spades/Young Spades, gangs at the time, came to form the vanguard of this Zulu Nation.

These gangs were not community organisations in the sense of trying feed people as the Black Panthers had when they began in Oakland or any thing such as that. One of the founders in the video above gives a very detailed explanation about just what the Spades stood for in reality; it was a criminal enterprise that in part fought against whites but also attempted to control the Bronx and founded chapters in other projects.

They marched on other projects.

 

There are a number of gangs that coalesced.

In the early days of this entire affair, the criminality did not cease but was there in the very beginning. There was no time when it was not a gang with criminal enterprise. Gang fights continued and the name change did nothing to discourage the maladies of the people or things in the organisation.

This is now an international organisation with chapters in the US, UK and other places. Interestingly enough, Lord Jamar in the above video mentions the link between early hip-hop in NYC and the homosexual underground at dance clubs and parties and that there was no hostility between them.

When listening to victims recount their assaults, the events detailed appear to all be ritualised with certain social cues, verbal nods and almost auto-immune suggestion tactics being employed. The fact that this was KNOWN by people in “the culture” as common knowledge and understood makes this whole thing no different to the tragedies with young people and the Catholic diocese neutralising criticism in molestation cases.

Hip-Hop, thus in its’ inception, had this corrupt undercurrent and depraved morality or perhaps moral relativism. This is no different to the damage done by pop, jazz, rock’n’roll, heavy metal, death metal, mummy rock and other such excesses. There is a certain spirit behind these things that can not only be felt but empirically tested.

Young adolescent and pre-pubescent boys were taken advantage of by the founders of this music and often with this music playing in the background. Record studios were transformed into sexual plantations, brothels and bordellos and children were offered up to be sacrificed on the alter of hedonism.

Then there is the violence that comes out of it. Countless people have said to me in the past, “Music doesn’t affect anyone’s mood.” My response has usually been, “So can you give me an example of when drive-by shootings on the West Coast have been carried out using Lawrence Welk, Mel Torme, Frank Sinatra or Vince Lombardi?!”

One of the major figureheads in West Coast hip hop genre known as “street knowledge” or “SoCal hip-hop,” MC Eiht, mournfully recollects how he had named an album Music to Drive By precisely because he gave gang bangers on the West Coast musical inspiration for when they carried out their nefarious deeds.

I can see that when I used to carry out some of my wickedness 20+ years ago, I was not listening to the Pointer Sisters’ Neutron Dance, the Muppet Show opening theme song, Pee Wee’s Playhouse anthem or the theme to Les Miserables. I and other criminals at the time had mood music and it was hip- hop.

It is time to accept the fact that this genre has a violent undertone to it that encourages violence, debauchery and criminality and that for every one, two or three artists that do and say positive things on an album, it is either the same artists on the same album or ten other artists that say something that is the opposite of that and worse. This is how it has always been. 

This has come as a blow to many people, just as much as I am sure that in the future the people that follow the Nile Valley Civilisation movement will be shocked when they fall into tribulation that is currently hidden from the eyes of people. There is but one fact… this “culture” must be left. 

Allah the Exalted has said,

 

Quran, Surah Luqman, Ayat 6

And from Mankind are those who purchase idle speech in order to lead people away from the path of Allah without knowledge and they take it as a sport and jest. These people have a terrible penalty to come.

(Surah Luqman (31), ayah 6)

Our scholars the world over in their commentaries refer to the fact that this ayah was revealed regarding An-Nadr ibn Al-Harith bringing in wind and string instruments and singing girls to distract the believers from the Remembrance of our Lord. Hip-Hop appears to be yet one more example. It is not a universal global culture. It is a yet another piece of cutlery on America’s table that has been exported by New Babylon to the rest of the world.

It is our job, if we want to stop corruption from coming into our own lives, to remove the atmosphere. Before all of these actions committed, there was first the atmosphere. If we take that away, it then becomes easier to combat the problem. I sincerely hope that listeners to this take time out to turn their back on this and every other form of distraction and make a permanent resolution to stay away from it.

Until next time,

Al-Hajj Abu Ja`far Al-Hanbali