ANGLOSPHERE ISLAM: LOOTING OF YOUR LOCAL COMMUNITY

Figure 1A: Theft of Zakat ul-Fitr and Sadaqah has long been a problem in local communities, with the common Muslim being the main loser.

The article below highlights the continued theft of wealth from common Muslims. It is not just the Zakat ul-Fitr being stolen but also Sadaqah that believers put together for the purpose of bettering their communities. As there is no regulatory body to watch this wealth and track it, it goes unchecked like so many other things.

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Dispute over donations to Worcester’s Jalalabad Association

CONTROVERSY: The Jalalabad Association mosque, in Vincent Road, Worcester

A CITY mosque chairman was confronted by concerned worshippers over his alleged failure to keep records of donations.

Multiple sources claim there was a heated argument between members of the Jalalabad Association and its chairman, Muhidur Rahman, after prayers on Friday, January 18.

However, city councillor Allah Ditta, who attends the mosque, in Vincent Road, Worcester, said it was simply a case of financial mismanagement.

The Charity Commission launched a probe into the Jalalabad Association after it failed to submit accounts for 2012 and from 2014 to 2017.

A worshipper at the mosque said: “Someone said [to the chairman] that every Friday there’s money being raised and none of it’s being declared.

“Most honest mosques – if they don’t count it on the day – then as soon as they have counted the amount they put it on the wall.

“They also leave a list, so people know what’s been collected. They have failed to do that, so no-one knows what’s collected.”

He added that the chairman also faced questions about how the organisation could resolve the situation.

The source said the chairman saw this as a challenge and threatened the worshipper.

Muhidur Rahman, chairman of the Jalalabad Association

Mr Rahman refused to comment, although he denied threatening anyone.

The worshipper added: “There should be three outgoing things: the Imam’s wages, the utility bills and the maintenance of the building.

“As far as everyone knows these have been paid for. There shouldn’t be any problems with the bookkeeping, so why’s there a backlog?”

The mosque broadcasts prayers over digital radio and some people heard the confrontation in their homes, according to two sources.

Another worshipper, whose wife heard the dispute, said: “People give money in the donation box and hand-to-hand.

“People also pay subscriptions, for their kids to go there after school.

“If I give £20 how do I know that money has not been pocketed? I’m just having faith.”

However, Allah Ditta defended Mr Rahman and said it was a case of financial mismanagement.

He added: “We had a conversation a couple of weeks ago. He showed me that four years of accounts are being dealt with and one year will be finished at the end of the month .

“He said he wants to resolve the issue and then move on [resign].”

Cllr Ditta believes that the argument was part of a ‘power struggle’ at the mosque, which revolved around religious teachers, known as Imams.

A few months ago, before prayers, the councillor said he heard the mosque announce how much it had recently collected in donations.

 

ANGLOSPHERE ISLAM: NO SAFETY EVEN IN QUR’AN CLASSES

The article below illustrates the continues tribulation that Anglosphere Islam visits upon its victims. There is no safety from violence, sexual abuse in Anglosphere Islam. This is a continued trigger of Post-Masjidism as well.

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Jailed: Imam sexually abused two sisters whilst teaching them Quran

Jailed: Imam sexually abused two sisters whilst teaching them Quran

An Imam found guilty of sexually abusing two young girls who he privately tutored has been jailed.

Hafiz Azizur Rehman Pirzada, aged 76 of Northolt was sentenced to a total of eight years’ imprisonment at Snaresbrook Crown Court for child abuse offences.

Pirzada will also have to sign the Sex Offenders Register for life and a Sexual Harm Protection Order was issued.

He was found guilty of seven counts of sexual assault of a child, and two counts of causing a child to engage in sexual activity after a trial at the same court in September 2017.

During the trial, the court heard how the victims, both sisters, came forward to speak to police in July 2015.

Between 2007 and 2009 the two girls, aged between nine and 11 when the abuse took place, were taught the Quran by Pirzada when he was an Imam appointed by the family.

On 28 July 2016, Pirzada was arrested at his home address and bailed pending further enquiries. He was later charged with all ten counts on 16 March 2018; eight counts of sexual assault with a female under 13, and two counts of causing a child to engage in sexual activity.

Detective Sergeant Tony Killeen, from the Child Abuse and Sexual Offences Team, said: “This is a case which dates back more than ten years, but despite the length of time since the incidents Pirzada has been convicted of his crimes.

“Pirzada exploited the trust placed in him as a religious leader to assault these two young girls.

“The victims have shown great courage, persistence and determination in securing the conviction, having persevered with the allegation and supporting the police investigation.

“The victims have had to live with this trauma and the appalling abuse they endured for the years they were taught by Pirzada, and will have to live with these memories for the rest of their lives.

“I would urge anyone who has been a victim of Pirzada to contact police; specially trained officers will be there to support you.”

BIOGRAPHY: IMAM YAHYA AS-SARSARI

Figure 1A: Dhul Kifl Masjid in Al-Kifl, Iraq. This entire complex is said to have on it the tomb of the Prophet Dhul Kifl.

The Poet Preacher [1]

He is the Insightful Linguist, the Zahid Jamal ud-Din, the Poet of the Age, Possessor of the Most Sublime Poetry in Praise of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, the Blind Faqih as well as the fact that he was the Perfected Man of his Age.

Titled as Jamal ud-Din Abu Zakariyyah, he is Yahya ibn Yusuf ibn Yahya ibn Mansur ibn Al-Mu`ammar ibn `Abdus-Salam Al-Ansari As-Sarsari Az-Zarirani. Born in the year 588 AH in Baghdad, he recited the Qur’an to many teachers. He started with the students of Ibn `Asakir Al-Battaihi.

Imam As-Sarsari also listened to hadith from Shaikh `Ali ibn Idris Al-Ya`qubi the Zahid and learned a great deal. He was also a long time student of Shaikh `Abdul Qadir Al-Jilani, accompanied him and travelled with him and became a successor. He took the oath and the khirqah from him.

Shaikh `Abdul Mughith Al-Harbi and others also gave Imam As-Sarsari permission to teach fiqh. When As-Sarsari completed with him, he also memorised the fiqh and the Arabic grammar and syntax.

Possessing great intelligence and composing poetry at a nearly daily rate, it is said that his poetry in praise of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, exceeds some 20 leather bound volumes or more.

Upon completion of Imam Al-Khiraqi’s Al-Mukhtasar, he then created a poetic rhyming text to summarise the text and also provide a few words of commentary. Imam As-Sarsari also created another metre known as Zawa’id ul-Kafi, which gave further details on fiqhi issues.

Besides this, he wrote metred poetry concerning the Arabic language and the other sciences as well. He was known for his grand piety, his immense exertion in deriving rulings and personal righteousness along with his constant recitation of the Qur’an.

Chaste, patient and forbearing, he loved to take the pathways of the indigent and he mixed with and befriended the downtrodden. He would often have gatherings and narrated texts with them and he also gave them dispensations in that regard.

Strong on the Sunnah and an opponent to those who opposed it, his poetry was replete with references to the foundations of the Sunnah, praise of its’ people, condemnation of its’ opposers. A long metre of poetry entitled, Lamiyyah, was compiled by the Imam with the subject being praise of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal and his companions.

We have already made mention of some of the metre when giving biographies of the scholars of the school who mentioned it in their own words. One night, Imam Yahya As-Sarsari saw the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, in a dream and was given the glad tidings of death upon the Sunnah.

Upon awakening from that dream, the Imam wrote a metre that was very long about theology and began by narrating that dream.

His students include Al-Hafiz Ad-Dumyati, who mentioned taking from him in his Digest, `Ali ibn Husain Al-Fakhri and others. Ijazah was given to Al-Qadi Sulaiman ibn Hamzah, Ahmad ibn `Ali Al-Jazari and Fatimah bint Al-Kamal in his knowledge.

During the time of Hulughu Khan and his unbelieving army’s entrance into Baghdad, the Shaikh was present therein. When some of his army entered his habitation, he fought and killed them. It is said that the amount of people the Imam killed were 8 in number. After that, he was killed, may Allah be pleased with him, as martyr and this was in the year 656 AH at the fortress of the Shaikh `Ali Al-Khabbaz at Al-`Aqabah.

During his funeral, the Imam was carried to his final resting place in Sarsar and interred. I had the opportunity to visit his grave when I was headed to Al-Hijaz once in the year 749 AH. Including among those killed in that year on that day from our pious companions was the Shaikh, the Zahid, the worshipper, Abul Hasan.

[1] The following biography narrated by Imam Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali in his Adh-Dhail `ala Tabaqat il-Hanabilah, vol.4, pp. 212-213.

VIRTUES OF JERUSALEM BY IMAM DIYA’ UD-DIN AL-MAQIDISI D. 643 PT.3

Figure 1A: The Dome of the Rock complex.

The Chapter Explaining that the Victorious Group will be in Jerusalem and the Shadows of Jerusalem

These matters have been discussed in our other work – which is volume one of the series – entitled Fada’il ush-Sham (The Virtues of Sham).

 

The Chapter of the Night Journey of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him to Jerusalem

Hadith #45: It was narrated to us by Abu `Ali Diya’ ibn Abul Qasim ibn Abu `Ali an-Nasri according to what I read to him from dictation in Baghdad. I said to him: It was narrated to you by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn `Abdul Baqi al-Ansari who it was recited to him and you heard it: It was narrated to us by Abu Muhammad al-Hasan ibn Muhammad al-Jawhari by dictation who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Ja`far ibn Hamdan who recited to him and I was listening: It was narrated to us by Bishr ibn Musa al-Asadi who said: It was narrated to us by Hudhah ibn Khalifah who said: It was narrated to us by `Awf from Zararah ibn Awfa who mentioned that Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him and his father, quoted the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, as saying,

“When the night journey came and I woke up in Makkah suddenly and I knew that the people would reject and belie me.”

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, went out and was very sad and unhappy and was isolated.

Abu Jahl passed by him and came close enough and could be near to him when he asked mockingly, “Anything new today?” The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “Yes, as a matter of fact there is something new.” Abu Jahl responded, “So what do you have?” He answered him, “I was taken from my bed and travelled by night.” Abu Jahl asked, “Where to?” He was answered, “To Jerusalem.” Abu Jahl then asked, “Then you came back to us after that?” He replied, “Yes.” No one heard this statement except that he denied that it had been said out of fear that someone would call his people to the faith and then it would be said to him, “Do you stand by the statement of your people and do you tell me to affirm that which I am to call them to?”

He said, “Indeed this is what I say.” So Abu Jahl then said, “Gathering of Banu Ka`b, come here one moment.” So the people finished their talking in small groups and gathered around  and then Abu Jahl asked the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, “Now tell your people again what you just told me.” So the Messenger of Alalh, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, responded, “I was taken on a journey in the night.”

The people asked, “Where to?” He said, “To Jerusalem.” The people then asked, “Then after that you came back to us?” He said, “Yes, indeed that is the case.” There were some who clapped their hands in derision while others in the gathering placed their hands on their heads while laughing at what he had said. They said, “Are you able to describe to us the Masjid that is there in the city?”

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, went on to say that he described it to them until that he had finished all the details that had been shown to him. The image on the Masjid was shown to him and he was looking at it as if he was looking at the house of `Aqil or the house of `Iqal. So I described while I was looking at it and the people say, “By Allah, the description that he gave is indeed correct. He has told the truth.”

This is collected by the Imam, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, from the transmission of Muhammad ibn Ja`far and Ruh ibn `Awf.

Hadith #46: It was narrated to us by the Imam, Abu Bakr Al-Qasim ibn `Abdullah ibn `Umar ibn as-Saffar at Naisabar that Wajih ibn Tahir ash-Shahami narrated to them by way of dictation: It was narrated to us by Abu Hamid Ahmad ibn al-Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Azhari by way of dictation to him: It was narrated to us by Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Makhlidi who said:

It was narrated to us by Abul `Abbas Muhammad ibn Ishaq ath-Thaqafi who said: It was narrated to us by `Ali ibn Muslim at-Tusi who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Dawud who said: It was narrated to us by Ibn Abi Salamah from Abu Hurairah who mentioned that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“I was at the chamber of the Ka`bah when the Quraish were asking me about my Night Journey to Jerusalem. They asked me a number of things about Jerusalem  and I was stricken about getting any details wrong. So Allah manifested it to me so that I could look at it and whatever they asked me I informed them. I had been in a group of the prophets and I saw Musa standing up in his grave while praying. He was a man with curly hair and brown like the man from the Shanu’ah tribe. I then saw `Isa who was standing and praying and he most resembled `Urwah ibn Mas`ud ath-Thaqafi out of all the people. I saw Ibrahim who was standing and praying and he most resembled your friend currently speaking out of the all the people. So when I prayed and finished, it was said to me, ‘Muhammad, This is Malik. He is the of the guardians of the Fire.’ The speaker then greeted him. I then turned to greet him but he greeted me first.”

This was collected by Muslim from Zuhair ibn Harb from Juhain ibn Al-Muthanna from `Abdul `Aziz ibn Abi Salamah from `Abdullah ibn al-Fadhl. There was a portion of the narration in which it was said that, “So Allah manifested it to me and I looked upon the buildings.”

Hadith #47: It was narrated to us by Abu Muslim al-Mu’ayyid ibn `Abdur-Rahim ibn al-Ikhwah according to the recitation that I narrated to him in Isfahan. I said to him: It was narrated to you by Zahir ibn Tahir ibn ash-Shahami according to how it was read to him: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Mansur ibn Khalaf al-Maghribi who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Muhammad al-Hasan ibn Ahmad al-Makhlidi who said: It was narrated to us by Abul `Abbas Muhammad ibn Ishaq as-Siraj who said: It was narrated to us by Qutaibah ibn Sa`id who said: It was narrated to us by Al-Laith ibn Sa`d from `Aqil from Az-Zuhri from Abu Salamah ibn `Abdur-Rahman from Jabir ibn `Abdullah that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“When the Quraish belied me, I stood up at the chamber of the Ka`bah and Allah showed me a vision of Jerusalem and I started describing to them the details and its’ proofs as I was looking right at it.”

This was collected by Imams al-Bukhari in his Al-Jami` us-Sahih from the narration of Ibn Bakir; Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj from Qutaibah while both narrations originate at Al-Laith ibn Sa`d. Both narrations also have, “When the Quraish belied me.” Allah knows best about this matter.

Hadith #48: It was narrated to us by Abul Majd Zahir ibn Ahmad ibn Hamid ath-Thaqafi at Isfahan that Abu `Abdullah Al-Hussain ibn `Abdul Malik the teacher informed them by way of recitation that: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn Mansur Sibt at Harwih: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ibrahim the reader who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Ya`la Ahmad ibn `Ali ibn al-Muthanna al-Muwsali who said: It was narrated to us by Shaiban who said: It was narrated to us by Hammad who said: It was narrated to us by Thabit al-Bunani from Anas ibn Malik that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“I was brought the Buraq. It was a beast that was white in colour and larger than a donkey but smaller than a mule. Wherever it would place its’ hooves and gaze is as far as it would go in the blink of an eye. I rode it until I came to Jerusalem. I then disembarked and tethered it at the place wthere all the prphets before had tethered it. Then I entered the Masjid and prayed two raka`ah, then came out.”

This is collected by Imam Muslim in his Al-Jami` us-Sahih in a long narration from Ghaiban ibn Farukh.

Hadith #49: It was narrated to us by the Imam, Abu Bakr al-Qasim ibn `Abdullah ibn `Umar ibn as-Saffar at Naisabur that Abu Bakr Wajih ibn Tahir ash-Shahami informed them of that which had been read to him: It was narrated to us by Abu Hamid Ahmad ibn al-hasan ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Azhari who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Muhammad al-Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Makhlidi who said: It was narrated to us by Abul `Abbas as-Siraj who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Rafi` who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdur-Razzaq who said: It was narrated to us by Ma`mar from Qatadah from Anas ibn Malik who said that the Ptophet, peace nad blessings of Allah be upon him:

When he was brought the Buraq on the Night Journey, he prepared to ride it and when he came forward to mount it, the beast moved away and was startled. Jibril said to it, ‘What is wrong with you! By Allah, No one more noble in the sight of Allah has mounted you before him.’ Then the best calmed down.

This is collected by the Imam, Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnad from the narration of Muhammad ibn Yahya an-Naisaburi from `Abd ibn Humaid and others from`Abdur-Razzaq; At-Tirmidhi from Ishaq ibn Mansur from `Abdur-Razzaq who said: “The hadith is strange and I do not know this wording except from the hadith of `Abdur-Razzaq.” I would say for the record that he may mean that Ma`mar having narrated it is strange in narration. This was also narrated by Sa`id from `Arubah from Qatadah.

Hadith #50: It was narrated to us by Zahir ibn Ahmad th-Thaqafi at Isfahan that al-Hussain ibn `Abdul Malik al-Adib narrated to them by way of recitation to him: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn Mansur who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ibrahim who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Ya`la al-Muwsali who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdur-Rahman ibn Al-Mutawakkil the reader who said: It was narrated to us by Yahya ibn Wadih who said: It was narrated to us by Az-Zubair ibn Janadah from `Abdullah ibn Buraidah from his father that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“On the Nighty Journey, I carried on until I reached Jerusalem. Then the Angel Jibril, peace be upon him, approached the foundation stone and rent it with his finger and then had me tether the Buraq.”

This was collected by at-Tirmidhi from the narration of Ya`qub ibn Ibrahim from Abu Thumailah – who is actually Yahya ibn Wadih.

Hadith #51: It was narrated to us by Zahir ibn Ahmad ibn Hamid ath-Thaqafi that Al-Hussain bin `Abdul Malik al-Khallal informed them by way of recitation: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn Mansur who said: It was narrated to us by Zahir by way of my recitation that Isma`il ibn al-Ikhshid informed them by way of written authority:

It was narrated to us by Abu Tahir Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn `Abdur-Rahman, who both said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ibrahim who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn `Ali Al-Muwsali who said: It was narrated to us by Hadabah ibn Khalid who said: It was narrated to us by Hammad ibn Salamah who said: It was narrated to us by Thabit from Anas ibn Malik who said:

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, came to the Buraq and it was a beast that was white in colour and was larger than a donkey but smaller than a mule. Whereever t placed its’ hoof and looked was where it went in the blink of an eye. He said, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him,

“So I mounted it and travelled until I came to Jerusalem. I then disembarked and tethered the beast at the place where all the prophets had tethered it in the past. Then I ented the Masjid and prayed two raka`ah. Then I came out and Jibril came to me with a vessel filled with wine and another vessel with milk.

I took the vessel of milk and drank. Jibril then said to me, ‘You chose the natural disposition.’ Then I went out to the lower sky. Then Jibril sought entry and it was said, ‘Who are you?’ He answered and said that it was Jibril but then he was asked, ‘And who is with you?’ He answered, ‘It is Muhammad.’ The voice that came back asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ So it was opened up for us and when I came in there was Adam and I greated him and he prayed for me that I would have good.

Then I ascended to the second sky. Then Jibril sought entry and it was said, ‘Who are you?’ He answered and said that it was Jibril but then he was asked, ‘And who is with you?’ He answered, ‘It is Muhammad.’ The voice that came back asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ So it was opened up for us and when I came in there were Yahya and the son of his aunt (Maryman) `Isa ibn Maryam and they both greeted me and he prayed for me that I would have good.Then I ascended to the third sky. Then Jibril sought entry and it was said, ‘Who are you?’

He answered and said that it was Jibril but then he was asked, ‘And who is with you?’ He answered, ‘It is Muhammad.’ The voice that came back asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ So it was opened up for us and when I came in there was Yusuf – the one who had been given half of all the beauty – so he greeted me and he prayed for me that I would have good.

After that I ascended to the fourth sky. Then Jibril sought entry and it was said, ‘Who are you?’ He answered and said that it was Jibril but then he was asked, ‘And who is with you?’ He answered, ‘It is Muhammad.’ The voice that came back asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ So it was opened up for us and when I came in there was Idris who greeted me and he prayed for me that I would have good.  Allah, Mighty and Majestic said, And We raised him to a high station.[1]

Then from there I ascended to the fifth sky. Then Jibril sought entry and it was said, ‘Who are you?’ He answered and said that it was Jibril but then he was asked, ‘And who is with you?’ He answered, ‘It is Muhammad.’ The voice that came back asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ So it was opened up for us and when I came in there was Harun who greeted me and he prayed for me that I would have good.

Shortly after I ascended to the sixth sky. Then Jibril sought entry and it was said, ‘Who are you?’ He answered and said that it was Jibril but then he was asked, ‘And who is with you?’ He answered, ‘It is Muhammad.’ The voice that came back asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ So it was opened up for us and when I came in there was Musa, peace be upon him, who greeted me and he prayed for me that I would have good.

Once I finished there I ascended to the seventh sky. Then Jibril sought entry and it was said, ‘Who are you?’ He answered and said that it was Jibril but then he was asked, ‘And who is with you?’ He answered, ‘It is Muhammad.’ The voice that came back asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ So it was opened up for us and when I came in there was Ibrahim, peace be upon him.

He had his back facing The Frequented House, a place in which 70,000 angels enter in and go out and never repeat. I then went to the Lote Tree of the Utmost Boundary and the leaves on the tree were like the ears of elephants. The fruit of the tree was larger than water jugs used for travel and it was covered with things from the command of Allah that were willed. There is no one from the creation of Allah that can describe its’ goodness. So we revealed to him what was to be revealed. 

Then after that fifty prayers a day were made compulsory for me to do so I went down and saw Musa, peace be upon him, on the way and he said, ‘What was made compulsory for your Ummah?’ I said, ‘Fifty prayers a day.’ He said, ‘Your Ummah will not be able to do that. Go back to your Lord and ask for a reduction.’ So I returned back and said, ‘Lord, I ask for a reduction so he took five away from the number.’ So I returned to Musa and he said, ‘So what did you do?’ I said, ‘I had five prayers taken off the number.’

He said, ‘Your Ummah will not be able to do that. Ask for a reduction.’ So I went back and asked for a reduction and kept going back and forth between my Lord and Musa until he said, ‘Muhammad, It is five prayers in every day and night but each prayer shall be counted as ten and this will be fifty. So whoever intended to do a good deed but did not, then this is counted as one good deed. If he did the deed, it is written for him as ten good deeds. Whoever intended to do a bad deed and did not do it, nothing is written down. If he did it, one bad deed is written.’ I then returned to Musa and informed him of the situation and he told me, ‘Go back and ask for a reduction.’ I said that I had already gone back to my Lord so many times that I felt shy to do so again.”

This narration is collected by Imam Muslim in his Al-Jami` us-Sahih in a long narration from Shaiban ibn Farukh from Hammad ibn Silamah from Thabit from Anas.

Hadith #52: It was narrated to us by Abul Majd Al-Fadl ibn Al-Hussain ibn Ibrahim ibn Sulaiman ibn al-Baniyasi who read to him and we were listening in the gathering in Damascus in the year 577 after Hijrah. It was said to him: It was narrated to you by Abul Hasan `Ali ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Hussain al-Salami al-Mawazini according to what was read to him in the year 513 after Hijrah who said: It was narrated to us by Abul Hussain Muhammad ibn `Abdur-Rahman ibn `Uthman ibn Abi Nasr according to what was read to him in the year 443 after Hijrah:

It was read to the Qadi, Abu Bakr Yusuf ibn Al-Qasim ibn Yusuf ibn Faris Al-Mayanji in the year 374 after Hijrah while I was present and listening and it was said to him: It was narrated to you by Abu Ya`la Ahmad ibn `Ali ibn Al-Muthanna at-Tamimi al-Muwsali according to what was read to him: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Isma`il al-Wasawisi who said: It was narrated to us by Damrah ibn Rabi`ah from Yahya ibn Abi `Amr as-Saybani from Abu Salih – the freed slave of Umm Hani – from Umm Hani who said: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, came to me very late one night while I was reclining upon my bed and said,

“I wanted to go and sleep in al-Masjid ul-Haram one night but then Jibril, peace be upon him, came to me and he took me to the gate of the Masjid. It was there I found a beast that was white in colour, larger than a donkey but smaller than a mule. Its’ ears were lowered and I stood forth to mount it. Wherever it placed its’ hooves and put its’ gaze, it would go there in the blink of an eye.

When he took me from low to high elevation he would pump his legs upward and move the back legs downwards and when he took me down he would stretch his back legs and curl his front legs. Jibril, peace be upon him, did not have me disembark until we stopped at Jerusalem. Once there, I tethered the beast at the same place where the prophets had tethered it in the past. I then found an open space where the prophets were gathered.

Among them were Ibrahim, Musa, `Isa, peace be upon them all. I prayed with them and spoke to them. I was then brought two vessels bearing liquid. One had a read liquid and one had a white liquid. I drank the white liquid and Jibril, said to me right after, ‘You have drank milk and left the wine. If you had drank wine, your Ummah would have been led astray.’ I then rode on the animal thereafter until I came to Al-Masjid ul-Haram.”

I prayed in the morning with him and even held onto his cloak when I heard the news. I said, ‘I implore you by Allah, dear son of my uncle! Do not tell the Quraish about this as they are sure to belie you and those who believe in you may belie you.’ He took his hands and moved his cloak until he was able to remove himself from my grasp and removed my hands which were around his belly.

I looked at the flesh that was above his izar and it was like the rolled up page of scroll with the marks of the izar. When the light of his skin was seen and it was known that he was going to carry through with his desire, I looked away and fell down in prostration. When I raised my head I saw that he had already left from the house. I said to my servant girl by the name of Nab`ah, ‘May Allah have mercy on you. Follow him and look at what he will say and what is going to be said to him.’

When Nab`ah returned to me she informed me that the Messenger of Allah had set out to a group of the Quraish gathered at the Hatim of the Ka`bah and among those present were: al-Mut`am ibn `Adi ibn Nawfal, `Amr ibn Hisham, Al-Walid ibn al-Mughirah. The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, then addressed them, “I prayed `Isha’ last light in this Masjid and also prayed there the Fajr prayer but between that time I prayed at Jerusalem and with the prophets in their numbers. Among them were Ibrahim, Musa, `Isa, peace be upon them all. I prayed with them and spoke to them.”

`Amr ibn Hisham asked in derision, ‘Describe them to me!’ He was told, “`Isa, peace be upon him, was of medium height and not very tall, having a wide chest, very red features, wavy hair and somewhat resembled `Urwah ibn Mas`ud ath-Thaqafi. As for Musa, peace be upon him, he was brown and tall, resembling one of the tribesman of the Shanu’ah. He had much hair and evenly spaced eyes and well spaced teeth and large lips, bearing a strong and fierce look, stern in expression. As for Ibrahim, peace be upon him, by Allah, I resemble him most in his looks and actions.”

They looked at him in wonder and animation, with al-Mut`am ibn `Adi ibn Nawfal saying, ‘All of your situation before today was easier to bear than what you have just claimed now. I bear witness that you are a liar! We take caravans of camels to Jerusalem and it is a month long journey to get there and you are claiming that you have gone in one night. I swear by Lat, `Uzza that I do not believe you and what you are saying could never be true.’

Al-Mut`am had a station at the well of Zamzam that had been given to him by `Abdul Muttalib and he destroyed and swore by Lat and `Uzza that he would not take a single drop from it ever again. Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, said to him, ‘Mut`am, You have said evil to the son of your brother and belied him. I bear witness that this man is truthful.’

Al-Mut`am said, ‘Muhammad, Describe Jerusalem to us.’ He answered him, ‘I arrived there by night and left by night.’ Then Jibril, peace be upon him, came to him and showed him the vision of the city. He remarked, ‘The gate of the city that I came through was in the following fashion and the location was in the following location…’ then he described the matter. Abu Bakr, who was present at the time for the exchange said, ‘You have spoken the truth. You have spoken the truth.’

Nab`ah then said, ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, saying that day: Abu Bakr, Indeed Allah, Mighty and Majestic, has named you As-Siddiq.’

The people in the gathering then said, ‘Mut`am, Let us ask him something regarding the city that we would know about Jerusalem. Muhammad, tell us something about our caravan of camels that came back from there recently.’ He replied, “I came to one of the camels of a specific tribe at ar-Ruha’ and one of them had strayed and they set out looking for it. I came to their area while everyone was gone and there was a drinking cup that had water in it and I drank from it.”

The people went and asked about an empty cup that they found after the lost camel was found and this was confirmed. They said, ‘This is a sign.’ He carried on, “Then I went to the caravan of a specific tribe and the camel of that caravan went away from me and there was a red camel with distinctive spots of white and I did not know whether the camel had departed from the caravan or not. Now go ask them about the situation.”

So the people went and asked them and they said, ‘By the One Lord, this is a sign.’ He then said, “Then I went to a specific tribe at at-Tan`im and thay had a grey camel and it raced ahead away from the group at ath-Thaniyyah.” At hearing this Al-Walid ibn al-Mughirah said, ‘This man is a magician.’ The people went and looked and found exactly as they had been told. They then thought that Al-Walid had told the truth and that it indeed was magic. They said, ‘Al-Walid ibn al-Mughirah has told the truth and this is indeed magic.’

Allah, Mighty and Majestic, sent down the following,

We did not make the vision which We revealed to you except as a tribulation for the people and the cursed tree as mentioned in the Qur’an.[2]

I then said, ‘Umm Hani’, ‘What is the cursed tree that was mentioned in the Qur’an?’ She remarked to me, ‘Those who were not given the ability to fear, then they will not have anything of fear except for great wrong doing indeed.’ ”

Hadith #53: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Abul Qasim at-Tamimi the teacher according to the recitation I made to him at Isfahan. I said to him: It was narrated to you by Abul Khair Muhammad ibn Raja’ ibn Ibrahim ibn `Umar ibn al-Hasan ibn Yunus according to what was recited to him and you hear in the gathering: It was narrated to us by Abul Hussain Ahmad ibn `Abdur-Rahman ibn Muhammad adh-Dhakwani who said:

It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Musa ibn Mardawaih who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Malik who said: It was narrated to us by Al-Ahwas Muhammad ibn al-Haitham who said: Ibn Mardawaih said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Ishaq ibn Ibrahim who said: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn al-Haitham, both of whom said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Kathir as-San`ani who said: it was narrated to us by Ma`mar ibn Rashid from Az-Zuhri from `Urwah from `A’ishah who said:

The Prophet was taken on the Nighty Journey to Al-Masjid al-Aqsa and when he came back and mentioned this to the people, some of the those who had believed in him apostated due to that and they were put to trial on account of what was mentioned. The men from the idol worshippers made their way in haste to the house of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq. They remarked, “You know that your friend claims that he was taken last night to Jerusalem.” Abu Bakr asked, “He definitely said that?” They answered, “He most assuredly did say that.”

He then answered them, “If he did indeed say that then he has spoken the truth.” The people asked in surprise, “You believe that he went to Sham in one night and then returned before the Fajr prayer came?” Abu Bakr said, “I testify and believe him in something that is greater than that. I believe that he receives news from the sky in the morning and the evening.” So because of Abu Bakr was referred to as As-Siddiq.

Hadith #54: It was narrated to you by Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Nasr as-Saidalani at Isfahan that Fatimah bint `Abdullah al-Jawzdaniyyah narrated to them according to what he had read back in dictation: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn `Abdullah ibn Raidhah who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn Ahmad at-Tabarani who said: It was narrated to us by `Amr ibn Ishaq ibn Ibrahim ibn Zabriq al-Humsi who said: It was narrated to us by our father who said: It was narrated to us by At-Tabarani who said: It was narrated to us by `Ammarah ibn Wathimah al-Masri who said: It was narrated to us by Ishaq ibn Ibrahim ibn Zabriq who said: It was narrated to us by `Amr ibn al-Harith who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Salim from Az-Zubairi who said: It was narrated to us by Al-Walid ibn `Abdur-Rahman that Jabir ibn Nufair said: It was narrated to us by Shaddad ibn Aws who said:

I said one day, “Messenger of Allah, How were you taken on the Nighty Journey?” He said, “I prayed at night along with my Companions in Makkah and then not long after Jibril, peace be upon him, came to me with a beast that was white in colour, larger than a donkey but smaller than a mule. So he said to me, ‘Ride this.’ So I saddled it and with its’ permission carried on and it carried me on its’ back and it had incredible reach where if it looked in a direction wherever its’ hoof stretched it would go there in an eye blink.

So it carried on with its’ journey until it reached a land that had date palms. Jibril said, ‘Disembark here.’ Then he said for me to pray and I did so and then mounted the beast again. He asked me, ‘Did you know where you just prayed?’ When I replied that Allah knew best he said, ‘You have prayed in Yathrib, also known as Taibah.’ It carried me on its’ back and it had incredible reach where if it looked in a direction wherever its’ hoof stretched it would go there in an eye blink.

This happened until I came to a land where the ground was white. ” Jibril said, ‘Disembark here.’ Then he said for me to pray and I did so and then mounted the beast again. He asked me, ‘Did you know where you just prayed?’ When I replied that Allah knew best he said, ‘You have prayed in Madyan at the site of the burning bush where Musa had stood.’ Then I mounted the creature and we carried on. It carried me on its’ back and it had incredible reach where if it looked in a direction wherever its’ hoof stretched it would go there in an eye blink.

This happened until I came to a land where the houses looked like castles to us. Jibril said, ‘Disembark here.’ Then he said for me to pray and I did so and then mounted the beast again. He asked me, ‘Did you know where you just prayed?’ When I replied that Allah knew best he said, ‘You prayed at Bethlehem, the birthplace of `Isa, peace be upon him, the Messiah, son of Maryam.’

So we carried on until I came to the city and I entred from its’ right facing gate and was facing the Masjid. I tethered the beast and entered the Masjid from the gate that would face the sun in the daytime. I prayed in the Masjid however long Allah willed me to do so. Then I felt thirst the like of which I had never felt before in my life. I was brought two drinking vessels, one filled with milk and the other honour that were both sent to me. I had to choose between them and Allah, Mighty and Majestic, guided me to chose the milk and I drank it until I had finished. There was no one present except myself and another man, an old man leaning on a stick. He said, ‘Yes, your companion has chosen the natural disposition and has been guided.’Then we set off until we came to the valley which was in the city. This was called the Valley of Gehenna.

We then carried on and passed by a caravan of the Quraish at a particular place and one of the camels had become lost. There was a group of people present and I greeted them. One of them remarked, ‘This sounds like the voice of Muhammad.’ I then came back to my Companions before the coming of the Fajr prayer and Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, came to me.

He said, ‘Messenger of Allah, Where were you tonighty as I did not find you in the normal place?’ I asked that did he know that I went to the Masjid in Jerusalem tonight and he said, ‘Messenger of Allah, That is one month’s journey. Please explain what happened.’ So when this was asked, I had opened to me the mirror of seeing the place and anyting they asked me about I answered as it was as if it was a mirror I was looking at it during the time.

Abu Bakr said, ‘I bear witness that you are the Messenger of Allah.’ The idol worhippers said, ‘Look at Ibn Abi Kabshah claiming that he has been to Jerusalem!’ So I said, ‘Indeed I will tell you the sign. When I was on the Night Journey, I passed by a camel in a particular place and it was grey with a black blaze bearing two black sacks.’ Once this was said the people waited and looked and at midday there was a caravan that came in matching the description and it was the very camel that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, had described.”

Hadith #55:  It was narrated to us by abu Tahir al-Mubarak ibn Abil Mu`ali at Baghdad that Hibatullah ibn Muhammad ibn `Abdul Wahid informed them by way of recitation: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Ja`far who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Ahmad who said: it was narrated to us by my father who said: It was narrated to us by Bakr ibn `Isa Abu Bishr ar-Rasibi who said: I heard Abu `Awanah say: It was narrated to us by `Umar ibn Salamah  from his father from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“On the Nighty Journey my feet were placed in the spot where the prophets had walked at Jerusalem. So then after that I was approached by `Isa ibn Maryam, peace be upon him. When I saw him, I noticed that the one that he resembled most among the people was `Urwah ibn Mas`ud. Then Musa, peace be upon him, was brought to me. Among the people, the one who he resembled most was of the tribesman of Shanu’ah. Then Ibrahim, peace be upon him, was brought to me and the one who he resembled most among the people was your companion that is speaking right now.”

The is collected by the Imam, Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnad.

The Chapter on the Place where the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, Prayed while in Jerusalem

Hadith #56: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Muhamamd ibn Abul Qasim ibn Abu Shakar at-Tamimi at Isfahan that Abul Khair Muhammad ibn Raja’ ibn Ibrahim ibn `Umar ibn al-Hasan ibn Yunus who informed them by way of recitation to them: It was narrated to us by Abul Hussain Ahmad ibn `Abdur-Rahman ibn Muhammad adh-Dhakwani who said:

It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Musa ibn Mardawaih the Memoriser who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad bin Ahmad ibn Ibrahim who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn `Amr who said: It was narrated to su by Al-Hasan ibn Sahl who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Usamah from `Isa ibn Sinan ash-Shami from Al-Mughirah from his father who said:

I prayed with `Umar in the place that was called: The Church of Maryam at the Valley of Gehenna. Then we came to the Masjid and `Umar mentioned that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“On the Night Journey, I prayed at the foot of the Masjid and went from the place where the foundation stone was set to Jerusalem. As I stood there was an angel bearing three vessels for drinking. He said, Muhammad, Look at these and drink. So I took a small sip of the honey that was present.

Then I saw the other and I drank from it until I was satisfied and this was milk. Then I was then offered the other one but refused and it was wine. The angel said: If you had drank from this one, your Ummah would not have gathered on the natural disposition. Then he took me and I ascended past the sky and the prayer was made compulsory for me. Then I returned to Khadijah and nothing had changed from the time that I had left her.”

Hadith #57: It was narrated to us by al-Mubarak ibn Abul Ma`ali al-Harimi at Baghdad that Hibatullah ibn Muhammad informed them by way of recitation: It was narrated to us by Al-Hasan ibn `Ali who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Ja`far who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Ahmad who said: It was narrated to me by my father who said: It was narrated to me by Aswad ibn `Amir who said: It was narrated to me by Hammad ibn Salamah from Abu Sinan from `Ubaid ibn Adam and Abu Maryam and Abu Shu`aib that `Umar ibn al-Khattab was wearing a tattered robe at the time of the conquest of Jerusalem.

Abu Salamah said: It was narrated to me by Abu Sinan from `Ubaid ibn Ahmad who said: I heard `Umar ibn al-Khattab saying to Ka`b, “Do you not see where I have prayed?” Ka`b remarked, “If you ask me, I remember that you prayed behind the foundation stone as all of Jerusalem is in front of you.” `Umar then said, “No, these are thoughts coming from Judaism. Rather I prayed when I saw the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, facing towards the Qiblah and he prayed in this fashion.”

This hadith was collected by the Imam, Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnad.

The Chapter on the Virtues of Putting on Ihram from Jerusalem

Hadith #58: It was narrated to us by Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Nasr as-Saidalani at Isfahan that Fatimah bint `Abdullah al-Jawzdaniyyah dictated to them: I twas narrated to us by Muhammad ibn `Abdullah ibn Raidhah who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn Ahmad at-Tabarani who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr ibn Sadaqah who sadi: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn Al-Qut`ii who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdul A`la from Muhammad ibn Ishaq who said: It was narrated to me by Sulaiman ibn Suhaim from Yahya ibn Abi Sufyan from Umm Hakim bint Abi Umayyah from Umm Salamah who narrated that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Whoever made Ihram for an `Umrah from Jerusalem, his sins are forgiven.”

This is collected by the Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal by way of the transmission from Ya`qub from his father from Muhammad ibn Ishaq by way of his transmission and there is an addition at the end of it that reads:

“Umm Hakim was determined to carry out that hadith until finally she was able to get to Jerusalem, put on the Ihram and start her `Umrah from that point.”

Hadith #59: It was narrated to us by Zahir ibn Ahmad ibn Mahmud ath-Thaqafi that Al-Hussain bin `Abdul Malik ibn al-Hussain narrated to them by way of reading out: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn Mansur who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ibrahim who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Ya`la al-Muwsali who said: It was narrated to us by Harun al-Hammal who said: It was narrated to us by Ibn Abi Fudaik who said: It was narrated to me by `Abdullah ibn Abdur-Rahman ibn Yuhannas who said: It was narrated to us by Yahya ibn Abi Sufyan ibn Sa`id al-Akhnasi from his grandmother Hakimah from Umm Salamah who mentioned that she heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, saying,

“Whoever puts on the Ihram for Hajj or `Umrah starting from Al-Masjid ul-Aqsa and ends up at Al-Masjid ul-Haram, then all of his sins from before and after are forgiven for him and the Paradise is given to him.”

However `Abdullah doubts which of the narrations was definitely stated.

This is collected by Abu Dawud from Ahmad ibn Salih from Ibn Ibi Fudaik in the same chain.

The Chapter of Making Special Mention of the Companions who Made Ihram from Jerusalem

Hadith #60: It was narrated to us by Abun-Najjah Isma`il ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hussain al-Hanafi according to what I read to him at Baghdad. I said the following: It was narrated to you by Abus-Sa`ud al-Mubarak ibn Khairun ibn `Abdul Malik ibn Khairun according to what was read to him: It was narrated to us by Abul Fadl Ahmad ibn Khairun who said:

It was narrated to us by Abu `Ali al-Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn Shadhan who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Muhammad Da`laj ibn Ahmad ibn Da`laj who said: It was narrated to us by Abu `Abdullah Muhammad ibn `Ali ibn Zaid as-Saa’igh al-Makki who said: It was narrated to us by Sa`id ibn Mansur who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Ma`shar from Nafi` from Ibn `Umar who mentioned that he made Irham from Jerusalem in the year of the two judgements.

Hadith #61: It was narrated to us by my brother, the Imam Abul `Abbas Ahmad ibn `Abdul Wahid ibn Ahmad according to what I read to him. I said to him: It was narrated to you by `Ubaidullah ibn `Abdullah ibn Shatil who said: It was narrated to us by Al-Hussain ibn `Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Al-Busri who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Yahya ibn ibn `Abdul Jabbar as-Sukri who said:

It was narrated to us by Isma`il ibn Muhammad as-Saffar who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Mansur ar-Ramadi who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdur-Razzaq who said: It was narrated to us by Ma`mar from Az-Zuhri from Salim from Ibn `Umar that he at one point put on the Ihram at Jerusalem and made intention for `Umrah.

Hadith #62: It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim Hibatullah ibn `Ali al-Busairi that Yahya ibn Al-Musharraf ibn `Ali ibn al-Khidr at-Timar narrated to them by way of what was read out to him: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Sa`id ibn Ahmad al-Muqri’ that `Ali ibn al-Hussain bin Bandar ibn `Abdullah ibn Bandar – who was a Qadi – in Egypt who said: It was narrated to us that Al-Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn Ibrahim who said: It was narrated to us by Al-Asadi who said:

It was narrated to us by Al-Hussain – who is Ibn al-Hasan who said: It was narrated to us by Ibn al-Mubarak from Ma`mar from Az-Zuhri who said: Mahmud ibn Ar-Rabi` informed me and stated that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, used the water in the pail in their family house. He also said, “I heard `Utbah ibn Malik mention things as well.” Mahmud then said that he put on his Ihram at Jerusalem for the purpose of a hajj or `umrah.

The Chapter of Making Special Mention of the Companions who Lived in Jerusalem

Hadith #63: It was narrated to us by Hibatullah ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Muzaffar ibn as-Sabt at Baghdad that Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hussain ibn al-Farra’ informed them by way of what was read to him: It was narrated to us by `Abdul `Aziz ibn Ahmad ibn an-Nasibi by way of ijazah: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad – the Khatib – who said: It was narrated to us by `Isa ibn `Ubaidullah – the Scribe – who said: It was narrated to me by `Ali ibn Ja`far ar-Razi who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Salam who said: It was narrated to us by Musa ibn Sahl an-Naisaburi ar-Ramli who said: “I can name for you the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, that were in the land of Palestine from those who lived there, those who stayed behind and died there and those who did not die there.

Those that were in Jerusalem included `Ubadah ibn as-Samit, Shaddad ibn Aws, Abu Abi ibn Umm Hiram – whose name is actually Sham`un – the ally of Hadramaut, Abu Raihanah, Salamah ibn Qaisar, Fairuz ad-Dailami, Dhul Asabi`, Abu Muhammad an-Najjari. These are the people that died at Jerusalem and were buried in the city.

Those who left behind progeny that lived there were `Ubadah ibn as-Samit, Shaddad ibn Aws, Salamah ibn Qaisar and Fairuz ad-Dailami.  These people left behind children and their children lived their lives in Jerusalem and their graves remain there up until today.

Those who did not stay behind or leave children include Abu Raihanah, Dhul Asabi` and Abu Muhammad an-Najjari.

The Chapter on the Virtues of the Mu’adh-dhins of Jerusalem

Hadith #64: It was narrated to us by Abul Majd Zahir ibn Ahmad ibn Hamid ath-Thaqafi at Isfahan that Zahir ibn Tahir ash-Shahani narrated to them by way of what was recited to him: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Muqri’ at-Tabari  by way of dictation who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Tahir Muhammad ibn al-Fadl ibn Muhammad ibn Khuzaimah who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Hamid Ahmad ibn Hamdun ibn `Ammarah ibn Rustum – the Hadith Memoriser – who said:

It was narrated to us by Abu Ja`far Ahmad ibn Sa`id ad-Darimi and Hammad ibn Al-Hasan Abu `Ubaidullah – the Scribe – who both said: It was narrated to us by `Abdus-Samad ibn `Abdul Warith who sadi: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Dhakwan who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir from Jabir ibn `Abdullah who said:

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, was asked: “Which of the people will enter the Paradise first?” He replied,

“The Prophets, then after that the Martyrs. After that it will be the mu’adh-dhins of the Ka`bah, then the Mu’adh-dhins of Jerusalem and then the Mu’adh-dhins of this Masjid of mine. Then the rest of the mu’adh-dhins according to their deeds.”

The Chapter on the Hadith of Makhshin ibn Makhashin ibn Mu`awiyah an-Numairi

Hadith #65: It was narrated to us by Abul Fath `Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Abil Fath al-Hiraqi in his book that his father informed him by way of recitation to him: It was narrated to us by Abul Walid Al-Hasan ibn Muhammad al-Balkhi who said: it was narrated to us by Abul Hussain Ahmad ibn `Ali ibn Muhammad ad-Dulabi who said: It was narrated to us by the Qadi, Abu Muhammad `Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn `Abdul Ghaffar ibn Ahmad ibn Dhakwan who said:

It was narrated to us by Abu Ya`qub Ishaq ibn `Ammar ibn Jash ibn Muhammad ibn Jash ibn al-Masisi who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn Mahdi who said: It was narrated to me by As-Saq`ab ibn Zahir from `Amr ibn Shu`aib and he mentioned some of the information regarding the conquest of Sham. The following was said:

Abu `Ubaidah had then come out and was waiting for the people of Jerusalem to come out and they refused to so so. He implored them to come out until finally he went down to them and blockaded them and they were closed in on every side. They came out to him one day and they fought the Muslims for one hour. The Muslims came to them from all sides until their might was broken and they entered into their castles. During that time the one who was in charge of discharging battle plans and fighting them was Khalid bin al-Walid and Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan. Both of them were on one side of the battleground and there were also men among the Musims from the Banu Numair like Makhshin ibn Makhashin ibn Mu`awiyah. He was very brave and the people saw him as upright and pious. His companions lost sight of him for some days and they were asking about him but they received no news back regarding him. Not long after they began to think that maybe some foul play had come to pass and that he had been killed.

They were sitting in a gathering when all of a sudden he came to them and he was bearing two leaves and the people had never seen anything like them. He was sought out greatly and what he had was longed for by the people. There was no better wait than awaiting him and no better smell than his own smell. His companions said to him, “Where were you?”

He said, “I had fallen into a ditch and was struggling to dig my way out until I came to a beautiful garden that had everything in it. My eyes had never seen the like of what was in the place before. I did not think that Allah had created the likeness of what I saw in this life. So I stayed a number of days in a state of felicity that had no likeness, in a state of repose with no likeness, in a wind that had no likeness and was pure.

So then when someone came to me, it was after some time and he took me by the hand and walked me out from that place and lead me back to you. I have taken these leaves from a tree that I had been sitting under and they have stayed in my hands every since I took them.”

The people came forward, took the leaves from his hand and smelled them. They found a fragrance the like of which they had never known. He said, “The people of Sham say that this was taken from the Paradise and that these two leaves are from it.” The people responded, “The Khulafa’ after that time took these leaves and kept them high in a cupboard for safe keeping and later generations.”

The name of the man narrating the hadith has been stated as being Sharik ibn Khabashah an-Numair. So Allah knows best.

Hadith #66: It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim Sa`id ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn `Attaf al-Hamdani by my recitation to him at Baghdad. I said to him: It was narrated to you by Abul Hussain Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hussain ibn Muhammad ibn al-Farra’ by way of ijazah that Abu Muhammad `Abdul `Aizz ibn Ahmad ibn `Umar an-Nasibi al-Maqdisi informed them by permission:

It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Wasiti al-Maqdisi – the Khatib – in his house at Jerusalem: It was narrated to us by `Umar – he is Ibn al-Fadl ibn Al-Muhajir  ar-Rub`ii who said: It was narrated to us by my father who said: It was narrated to us by al-Walid – who has the name Ibn Hammad – who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn an-Nu`man who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn `Abdur-Rahman who said: It was narrated to us by Walid ibn Muslim who said: It was narrated to us by my father Abu Bakr ibn Abi Maryam who said: It was narrated to me by `Atiyyah ibn Qais who said:

Sharik ibn Khabashah an-Numairi came to a ditch in Jerusalem and sought water for his companions. When he took a pail and brought it down into it to take the water a man came and said, “Come with me.” He then took him by the hand down into the ditch and they entered the Paradise and Sharik took some leaves from it and returned to the place he was originally and came back to his people that were waiting and informed them of what had happened. News of this reached `Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, and Ka`b said, “There is a man from this Ummah who will enter the Paradise while he is still alive among you.” So he said, “Look at these leaves. If they should wilt and change colour, they are not from the leaves of the Paradise. If they shold stay as they are and not change colour or wilt, then they are indeed from the leaves of the Paradise.” `

Atiyyah then said, “ Those leaves never did wilt or change colour.”

Al-Walid then remarked, “It was narrated to me by Abun-Najm, who was the Imam and Mu’adh-dhin of the people of Salamiyyah in Hamah from 400-450 after Hijrah the following:

I, Abun-Najm, had it narrated to me from many of the people of Salamiyyah from the tribes of the Arabs that knew Sharik ibn Khamashah and lived at Salamiyyah and we came to him and asked him about his situation. He informed us of the situation that he had entered the Paradise and that he had seen what was in it and then took some leaves from one of the trees and returned. He always kept one leaf with him and the people would say, ‘We used to ask him to show them to us and he could call for a mushaf and take them out and show them to us  and you could see them between the pages of the mushaf and these leaves were green and fresh. He used to taken them, kiss them and then place them on his eyes. After that he would then place them between the pages of his mushaf and he left as a will and testament that they should put on his chest after his burial shroud was wrapped around him. This would be the last time we would see him and he placed them on his chest, after he died they were placed on his burial shroud.’ ”

 

END OF THE TEXT

[1] Surah Maryam (19), ayah 57

[2] Surat ul-Isra’ (17), ayah 60

VIRTUES OF JERUSALEM BY IMAM DIYA’ UD-DIN AL-MAQDISI D. 643 PT.2

Figure 1A: The Dome of the Rock.

The Chapter on the Virtue of the Foundation Stone in Jerusalem

Hadith #26: It was narrated to us by Abu Hashim al-Hussain ibn Muhammad ibn `Ali al-Jarbadhqani, the chief teacher in Isfahan, that Abul Khair Muhammad ibn Ahmad read to them by way of notes while he was present: It was narrated to us by Abul Hussain Ahmad ibn `Abdur-Rahman ibn Muhammad adh-Dhakwani who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Musa ibn Mardawaih, the Memoriser who said: it was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Fulan ibn Ibrahim who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Sakhr ibn al-Qasim who said: It was narrated to us by Abu `Asim ad-Dahhak ibn Makhlid who said: It was narrated to us by Shabib ibn Bishr from `Ikrimah from Ibn `Abbas who narrated that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“The rivers are four in number: Sihan, Jihan, Nile and Euphrates. The Siham is located at Balkh, the Jihan at Dajlah, the Nile in Egypt and the Euphrates in Al-Kufah. Anything consumed by a son of Adam from these, then it is from these four fivers that have come from under the foundation stone.”

Hadith #27: It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim Hibatullah ibn Al-Hasan ibn al-Muzaffar ibn as-Sibt who read out by way of notes in Baghdad that Abul Hussain Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hussain ibn al-Farra’ who informed them by way of notes: It was narrated to us by `Abdul `Aziz ibn Ahmad ibn `Umar ibn as-Nasibi by way of ijazah who said:

It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhamamd ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Wasiti al-Maqdisi the Preacher who said: It was narrated to us by `Umar – who is Ibn al-Fadl ibn al-Muhajir ar-Rub`ii – who said: It was narrated to me by my father who said: It was narrated to me by al-Walid – who is ibn Hammad – who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn An-Nu`man who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn `Abdur-Rahman who said: It was narrated to us by Abu `Abdul Malik al-Jazari from Ghalib ibn `Ubaidullah from Abuz-Zinad from Al-A`raj from Abu Hurairah who narrated that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“All of the rivers, clouds, oceans and winds have come from under the foundation stone in Jerusalem in the beginning.”

Hadith #28: It was narrated in the same chain where the narrator said: It was narrated to us by al-Walid who said: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim – who is Ibn Muhammad – who said: It was narrated to us by Adam from Abu Ja`far from Ar-Rabi` ibn Anas from Abul `Aliyah who said: The Exalted One said:

To the Land which we blessed what is in it for the creation.[1]

Abul `Aliyah said, “This is referring to the blessings that come from every sweet water in the world which has its’ origin in the base of the foundation stone of Jerusalem.”

Hadith #29: The same narration has been given up to the point where he said: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn Muhammad who said: It was narrated to us by Zuhair who said: It was narrated to us by Dawud ibn Hilal from as-Salt ibn Dinar from Abu Salih from Nawf al-Bikali who said: The foundation stone in Jerusalem, this is the place where all the rivers from the Paradise came from to the Earth and the rivers are: Sihan, Jihan, Euphrates and Nile.

Hadith #30: It was narrated to us by Sa`id ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hamdani by the reading I gave at Baghdad. I said to him: It was narrated to you by Abul Hussain Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hussain ibn Muhammad ibn Khalaf by way of ijazah: It was narrated to us by `Abdul `Aziz ibn Ahmad ibn `Umar ibn an-Nasibi by way of ijazah who said:

It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Wasiti who said: It was narrated to us by `Isa – who is Ibn `Ubaidullah al-Warraq – who said: It was narrated to us by Abul Hasan `Ali ibn Ja`far al-Razi at Jerusalem who said: It was narrated to us by Al-`Abbas ibn Ahmad ibn `Abdullah who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn `Amirah al-Maqdisi who said: It was narrated to us by Bakr ibn Ziyad al-Bahili from `Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak from Sa`id ibn Abi `Arubah from Qatadah from Zararah ibn Awfi from Abu Hurairah who narrated that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“When I was taken on the Night Journey to Jerusalem, Jibril took me to the grave of Ibrahim, peace be upon him and said, ‘Disembark here and pray two raka`ah. Here is the grave of your father, Ibrahim, peace be upon him.’ Then he brought me to Bethlehem and said, ‘Disembark and pray two raka`ah here for indeed this is the spot where your brother, `Isa, peace be upon him, was born.’

Then I was brought to the foundation stone and he said, ‘It is from here that your Lord will cause the ascension to the sky.’ Then Allah put the matter in my that I asked that we were in the spot where my Lord would cause me to descend to the sky so then I should pray with the prophets. I did so and then my Lord took me to the sky.”

Hadith #31: It was narrated to us by al-Hafiz Abu Musa Muhammad ibn `Umar ibn Abi `Isa al-Madini in his book that Abu Tahir Ishaq ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ar-Rashtenani narrated to them by reciting to them: It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim ibn Abu Bakr ibn Abi `Ali who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Muhammad `Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Ja`far ibn Hayyan who said:

It was narrated to us by Ishaq ibn Isma`il ar-Ramli who said: It was narrated to us by Khashish ibn Asram and Al-Mu’ammal ibn Ihab who both said: It was narrated to us by `Abdur-Razzaq who said: It was narrated to us by Ma`mar from Az-Zuhri from Wahb ibn Munabbih who said: “Allah said to the foundation stone at Jerusalem,

‘Foundation stone of Jerusalem! You are My Lower Throne and from you I intended the sky and in you is My Paradise and My Fire and in you is My Reward and My Punishment. Good news to the one that saw you! Good news to the one that saw you! Good news to the one that saw you!’

Hadith #32: It was narrated to us through another channel that had Wahb ibn Munabbih where he said: “Allah the Exalted said to the foundation stone at Jerusalem:

‘It was on you that I placed My Throne. It is to you that I will gather My Creation and I shall cause to spring forth from you the rivers of wine, honey and milk.’

Hadith #33: A narration has come through from Wahb ibn Munabbih in which it was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Ja`far who said: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim – and he is Ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hasan – who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Sharhabil al-Humsi who said: It was narrated to us by Abul Yaman from Safwan ibn `Amr from Shuraih ibn `Ubaid from Abu Shamr al-Urduni from Ka`b who said: “Indeed Allah, Blessed and Exalted looked at the Earth and said:

‘Indeed I have placed the matter on you. I have carved the mountains out to face you and made the foundation stone move.’ So He was happy with that and placed his foot therein as a sign. He then said: ‘This is My Place and the place where My Creation shall be gathered on that day. This is My Paradise and My Fire and this is the place where My Scales shall be placed. I am the Judge on that Day of Resurrection.’

The Chapter on Mentioning that the False Messiah will not Enter Jerusalem

Hadith #34: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Nasr at Isfahan that Fatimah bint `Abdullah al-Jawzdaniyyah informed them by his reading to her: It was narrated to us by Muhamamd ibn `Abdullah ibn Raidah who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn Ahmad who said: It was narrated to us by Ja`far ibn Ahmad ash-Shami who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Kuraib who said: It was narrated to us by Firdaws al-Ash`ari who said: It was narrated to us by Mas`ud ibn Sulaiman from Habib ibn Abi Thabit from Mujahid from `Abdullah ibn `Amr from the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, who said:

“The False Messiah will come to you with some doubt. Indeed Allah has no flaw and the False Messiah will come out and remain in the earth some forty mornings and intend on and enter every urban centre except the Ka`bah, Jerusalem and Al-Madinah. His time in the Earth will be such that the month will be like the Friday, the Friday like the day.

He will have with him a paradise and a fire; but in reality his paradise is a fire and his fire a paradise. He will have a mountain of bread and a river of wheat. He will call out to a man that he does not have control over and ask him, ‘What do you say regarding him?’

The man will say, ‘You are the Enemy of Allah! You are the False Messiah!’ The False Messiah will then call for a saw and place it on his head and saw him in half until he falls into two pieces. Then he will seemingly bring him back to live and say to him, ‘What do you say about him now?’

The man will say, ‘By Allah, I have even greater insight now about you and that you are the Enemy of Allah, the False Messiah! You are the very one that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, informed us about before this day!’ The False Messiah will then have a sword extended towards him to kill him but will not be able to do it. He will then say, ‘Take this man away from me.’

Hadith #35: It was narrated to us by Zahir ibn Muhammad ibn Hamid ath-Thaqafi at Isfahan that Al-Hussain ibn `Abdul Malik  the teacher narrated to them by recitation given to him: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn Mansur who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn `Ali who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn `Ali ibn al-Muthanna who said: It was narrated to us by Khalaf ibn Hisham who said: It was narrated to us by Abu `Awanah from Al-Aswad ibn Qaid from Tha`labah ibn `Ibad from Samurah ibn Jundub who said:

One day a preacher stood and mentioned in his Friday preaching an incident from the time of Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, wherein he said, “I and an older boy were shooting targets and hit two of them with our arrows in the time of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. The sun had risen and the redness had burned off and the rays spread across the sky until things were illuminated.”

Now one of us said to his companion, “Let us go to the Masjid of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, to ask him about the appearance of the sun today among his Ummah. So we set out to the Masjid and we came to find the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, coming out to the people. He stood up and prayed with us the same length that he would stand in all of his prayer.”

We did not hear any sound and then he bowed and after that prostrated with us the length of time that he always prostrated and we did not hear a sound. Then he stood and did all of that which he had done in the first raka`ah. Then he said and was in his sitting while the sun’s rays were spread across the sky. He completed his prayer, offered the greeting and turned around. After that he praised Allah, glorified Him and bore witness that there was no god but Allah and that he was the Slave of Allah and His Messenger. After this he then said the following:

“People! I am only a human being, a messenger. I remind you of Allah, Mighty and Majestic. If you know of anything that I have fallen short in regarding conveying the messages of my Lord, Mighty and Majestic, then you would have informed me by now.” The people said, “We bear witness that you have already conveyed the messages of your Lord and advised your Ummah and discharged that which you were commanded to do.”

He then said, “As for what comes next, indeed the people claim that the very sun and moon eclipse or the stars declined due to the death of great men on Earth. However these people lie; but the sun, moon and stars are signs of Allah, Mighty and Majestic. He brings these things to pass in order to remind His Slaves of the affairs and that one of them might hasten to repentance.

Indeed in the prayer, Allah caused me to see all that was to come to pass in the matter of your earthly life and the end of your days. By Allah, the Hour will not come until there appear some thirty liars, the last of them being the one eyed liar – with a damaged left eye – he is the False Messiah. He has a resemblance to that of Abu Tahya – the old man from the Ansar – who was that day sitting between him and the chamber of `A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her that day

When the False Messiah is revealed he will claim that he is Allah, Mighty and Majestic. Whoever should believe in him, testify to him and follow him, then any deeds that he did will be of no benefit to him. He will manifest himself and take over all the Earth except for the Haram and Jerusalem. The Muslims will be herded and pushed to Jerusalem and be present there under severe conditions.

Al-Aswad said, ‘It was narrated to me that `Isa ibn Maryam, peace be upon him, will come down among them and Allah will give him victory over the False Messiah and his army until that at the base of the walls of Jerusalem and the trunks of trees will call out: Believer, there is an unbeliever lurking behind me. Come and kill him.

These events will occur until you see many wondrous events and will see these things happening among yourselves. You will begin asking yourselves, ‘Did your Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, mentioned this to you, all of these affairs and even until until the time that the mountains will move from their places?’ ”

Samurah ibn Jundub then grasped his hands in fright and then said, ‘I memorised this from him and I remembered what he said.’ He then mentioned everything again and he did not hesitate to mention it again.

This was collected by Imams Ahmad in his Musnad in a long hadith from Abu Kamil from Zahir ibn Al-Aswad; Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and An-Nasa’ii collected it from the same chain and At-Tirmidhi said, “This hadith is indeed authentic.”

Hadith #36: It was narrated to us by Abu Tahir al-Mubarak ibn Abil-Ma`ali ibn Abil Qasim al-Harimi at Baghdad that Hibatullah ibn Muhammad ibn `Abdul Wahid informed them by reading to them: It was narrated to us by Al-Hasan ibn `Ali who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Ja`far who said: It was narrated to us by`Abdullah ibn Ahmad who sadi: It was narrated to us by my father who said: It was narrated to us by Yazid who said: It was narrated to us by Ibn `Awn from Mujahid who said: We were with Judadah ibn Abi Umayyah for six years and he stood and gave us a khutbah.

He said: “A man came to us from the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, come into our presence so we said: Narrate to us what you heard from the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and not what you heard from the people. We pressed them to narrate to us. So he said: One day the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, came to us and said:

“I warn you of the False Messiah and he has a damaged eye. It is the left eye. He shall have with him mountains of bread and rivers of water. He shall move through the Earth in forty mornings and his authority shall reach every place but he will not come to four masjids: Al-Ka`bah, the Messenger of the Messenger, Al-Masjid al-Aqsa and At-Tur. Understand well regarding this matter and know that Allah, Mighty and Majestic has no flaws.

Ibn `Awn said, “I think that he said, ‘He will take authority over a man and kill him and then falsely resurrect him but will not do this to anyone else.’

This is furthermore collected by Imam Ahmad and narrated from Muhammad ibn Ja`far from Shu`bah from Al-A`mash from `Abdur-Razzaq from Sufyan from Mansur from Al-A`mash, both of these narrated from Mujahid in their chain.

Chapter on the Place of the Muslims in Jerusalem, the Arrival of the False Messiah and his Blockading Them at that Location

Hadith #37: It was narrated to us by Abu Tahir Barakat ibn Ibrahim ibn Tahir al-Qurshi al-Khushu`ii who raid out while I was in attendance in Damascus: `Abdul Karim ibn Hamzah narrates to you while you are in attendance: It was narrated to us by Abu Muhammad `Abdul `Aziz ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Kattani, the Memoriser, who said:

It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim Tamam ibn Muhammad ibn `Abdullah ibn Ja`far ar-Razi who read this out in his home in Damascus: It was narrated to us by Abul Hasan Khaithamah ibn Sulaiman ibn Haidarah al-Atrabilsi by dictation in the month of Rabi` ul-Akhir in the year 340 after the Hijrah: It was narrated to us by Abu `Utbah Ahmad ibn Al-Faraj Al-Hijazi at Homs: It was narrated to us by Damrah ibn Rabi`ah who said: It was narrated to us by As-Saibani from `Amr ibn `Abdullah al-Hadrami from Abu Umamah al-Bahili who said:

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, gave us a long Khutbah, in which he mentioned to us more about the False Messiah than he had before and he warned us about him greatly. These were his words:

“People! Indeed there is no tribulation on the Earth greater than the tribulation of the False Messiah. Indeed Allah did not send any prophet except that he warned his Ummah about the False Messiah. I am the last of the prophets and you are the best of the Ummahs. He will appear among you without any doubt.

If he should come among you while I am alive, I will defend every Muslim; but if he should come after me, every man must look to himself. Allah is my defender and the defender of every Muslim. He will appear between the area of Sham and Iraq and he will ravage all that he sees on his right and his left. Slaves of Allah! Stay firm!

Indeed he will begin by saying, ‘I am a prophet,’ but there is no prophet after me. Then he will start saying, ‘I am your Lord,’ but you will not see your Lord until you die. He will have flaws but your Lord has no flaw. There is written between the eyes of this man the word: UNBELIEVER. Every believer will be able to read it.

Whoever should meet him from you then let him spit in his face. The tribulation of the False Messiah is that he shall have a paradise and a fire with him. His fire in reality is a paradise and his paradise is actually a fire. Whoever is tested by his fire, then let him read the opening ayat of Surat ul-Kahf. Let him seek the intercession of Allah, Mighty and Majestic so that the fire might become cool and tranquil just as the fire was on Ibrahim, peace be upon him, when he was thrown into it.”

This hadith also has narrated in it the following:

Umm Sharik said, “Messenger of Allah, Where shall the Muslims be at this time?” He said, “Jerusalem. This man shall appear and it shall be the case until he blockades and besieges them. On that day, the Imam of the Muslims will be a righteous man and it was be said that he will be preparing for the Fajr prayer. When the call is made and he enters into the gathering, `Isa ibn Maryam shall descend. When the man sees that, he will know him and move back in order to give space and precedence to `Isa.

However `Isa will put his hand on his shoulder and say, ‘No, lead the people. Indeed the prayer was established for you.’ So `Isa shall prayer behind him. He will then tell them to open the door and they will do so. At that time, the False Messiah will have with him 70,000 Jews and each one will be bearing a green helmet, an ornamented sword. When the False Messiah shall look upon `Isa, he will then melt just as lead melts in fire and salt melts in water. `Isa will also say, ‘I will indeed strike you and there will be nothing to stop it.’ `Isa will then catch him at Bab Ludd eastern gate and kill him there.

There shall be nothing from that which Allah, Mighty and Majestic, created except that it shall be moving against the Jews and Allah will cause it to speak. There shall not be single tree, stone or beast, except that it will say, ‘Slave of Allah! Muslim, there is a Jew here. Come and kill him.’ The only tree that will not say this is the box thorn. It is of the trees that shall not speak. `Isa shall be in my Ummah as a just judge, righteous Imam. He will kill the swine, break the cross and lift the Jizyah.

There shall be no tribulation but peace in which the lamb and the camel shall be at ease, hatred and rancour shall be lifted and there shall be no hatred of one man towards another. There shall be no hatred among beasts. Every beast shall be at ease to the point that the child shall lay down with the lion and he shall not harm him.

The wolf shall move among the group of sheep and he will be like a sheep dog. The Earth shall be filled with Islam and emptied of the unbelievers. The kuffar will be stripped of their dominion and there shall be no dominion except Islam. The Earth will shine like a silver tray with the Earth offering up its’ produce just as it had been in the time of Adam, peace be upon him.

He will gather a group of people on a bunch of fruit and this will suffice them of their hunger. There will be a group of people that gather together and eat one pomegranate and that will suffice them of their hunger. The bull will be a source of wealth and the horse will be the same.”

This has been collected by Imams Abu Dawud from the transmission of `Isa ibn Muhammad from Damrah by his chain of transmission; Ibn Majah from `Ali ibn Muhammad from `Abdur-Rahman ibn Muhammad al-Muharabi from Abu Rafi` Isma`il ibn Rafi` from Abu Zur`ah Yahya ibn Abi `Amr ash-Shaibani from Abu Umama however `Amr ibn `Abdullah was dropped from the chain.

The Chapter on Those Living in Jerusalem and Mentioning the Conquest of Jerusalem

Hadith #38: It was narrated to us by Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn Ahmad Sibt Hussain ibn `Abdul Malik ibn `Abdul Wahhab ibn Abi `Abdullah ibn Mandah according to what I read to him at Isfahan. I said to him: Fatimah bint `Abdullah narrates to you according to that which was dictated to her and you hear this today: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn `Abdullah ibn Raidhah who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn Ahmad at-Tabarani who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn al-Mu`ali ad-Dimashqi who said: It was narrated to us by Hisham ibn `Ammar who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Shu`aib who said: It was narrated to us by `Uthman ibn `Ata’ who narrated that Ziyad ibn Abi Sawdah narrated from Abu `Imran from Dhul Asabi` who narrated and stated:

“Messenger of Allah, The trial for us comes after you have left us behind. What do you order us to do at that time? He said,

‘You must go to Jerusalem. Allah will sustain you with descendants and they shall go there and have rest.’ ”

This was narrated by Abu `Abdur-Rahman `Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnad, from the transmission of Abu Salih al-Hakam ibn Musa from Damrah ibn Rabi`ah from `Uthman ibn `Ata.’

Hadith #39: It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim Hibatullah ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Muzaffar ibn as-Sibt who read out while we were at Baghdad: It was said to him: Abul Hussain Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hussain ibn Muhammad ibn Khalaf ibn Ahmad ibn al-Farra’ narrates to you according to what was read out to him and you have heard: It was narrated to us by Abu Muhammad `Abdul `Aziz ibn Ahmad ibn `Umar ibn an-Nasibi al-Maqdisi by way of ijazah and he said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Wasiti al-Maqdisi, the Khatib of his district in Jerusalem, who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Hafs `Umar ibn al-Fald ibn al-Muhajir who said: It was narrated to us by my father, Abul `Abbas al-Fadl ibn al-Muhajri who said: It was narrated to us by al-Walid ibn Hammad ar-Ramli who said: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn Yusuf who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn `Abdur-Rahman who said: I heard my father narrate from his grandfather, Shaddad ibn Aws, who then said:

“When the death of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, came near, Shaddad ibn Aws stood up and then sat. He then stood again and then sat. The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, ‘Shaddad, what is troubling you?’ Shaddad remarked, ‘Messenger of Allah. This situation is difficult for me to bear. The Earth has become a hard place in which to reside.’

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Sham will soon be conquered, if Allah wills. Jerusalem will soon be conquered, if Allah wills. It will come to pass that you and your son after you will be Imams there, if Allah wills.”

I have looked at this chain of transmission and found that there are some narrators that have been dropped from the chain.

Hadith #40: It was narrated to us on the same subject by Muhammad ibn Ahmad – who is known as Ibn Salafah – while it Isfahan that Fatimah bint `Abdullah informed them by recitation read out to her: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn `Abdullah ibn Raidhah who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn Ahmad who said: It was narrated to us by `Ali ibn Sa`id ar-Razi who said:

It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Muslim ibn Warah who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn `Abdur-Rahman ibn Shaddad ibn Muhammad ibn Shaddad who said: I heard my father mention this chain from his father and then from his grandfather that one day Shaddad ibn Aws was in the presence of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, while pacing and ill at ease. The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, asked, “Shaddad, What is troubling you?” Shaddad remarked, “This world has become hard for me to deal with at the moment.” The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, remarked,

“Do not let the matter be hard for you. Sham is about to be conquered. Jerusalem is about to be conquered. Then you are your son will be Imams there, if Allah so wills.”

Hadith #41: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Nasr as-Saidalani that Fatimah bint Abdullah al-Jawzdaniyyah narrated to them based upon the dictation that he read back to her: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn `Abdullah ibn Raidhah who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn Ahmad ibn Ayyub who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Ayyub who said: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn Dukhair ad-Dimashqi who said:

My father narrated to me and said: It was narrated to us by Al-Walid ibn Muslim who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Al-`Ala’ ibn Zabr who said: It was narrated to me by Zaid ibn Waqid from Busr ibn `Ubaidullah who said: It was narrated to me by Abu Idris al-Khawlani who said: It was narrated to me by `Awn ibn Malik who said: I came into the presence of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, while he was in a tent made of pure cow hide and he was making his wudu’ in a slow and methodical manner. He said thereafter,

“Awn, count six signs immediately preceding the Hour.” I said, “Messenger of Allah, What are the signs?” He said, “The signs are: my death.” I immediately lost my composure. He then said to me, “Now count the signs.” I said, “That is the first one.” He then continued, “The second sign is the conquest of Jerusalem. The third sign is a death of cattle among you that will afflict the hooves and they will die in their place. The fourth sign is that wealth will become so widespread that a man will be given one hundred dinars but. The fifth is that there will be a tribulation that will touch every Arab house and not leave one unaffected. Then there will be a peace between you and the blond haired people. They will then break the treaty and come against you under some 80 flags and under each flat will be 12,000 troops.

This has been collected by Imams al-Bukhari in his Al-Jami` us-Sahih from the narration of al-Humaidi; Abu Dawud as-Sijistani in a shortened chain from Mu’ammal ibn al-Fadl; Abu `Abdullah ibn Majah from the chain of `Abdur-Rahman – known as Duhaim – and all of these chains originating from Al-Walid ibn Muslim from `Abdullah ibn Al-`Ala’ from Busr ibn `Ubaidullah; but Zaid ibn Waqid was not mentioned in these aforementioned chains. It was also collected by `Abdul Hamid ibn `Abdur-Rahman ibn Zaid ibn al-Khattab from `Awf ibn Malik and the same wording was used except that it was said:

“They will march out swiftly under 80 flats and under each flag will be 12,000 troops.”

Hadith #42: It was narrated to us by Abu Tahir al-Mubarak ibn Abil-Mu`ali al-Harimi by what I read to him at the eastern side of the city. I read and reviewed to him: Hibatullah ibn Muhammad narrated to you according to dictation and you hear this reading: It was narrated to us by al-Hasan ibn `Ali who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Ja`far who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Ahmad who said: It was narrated to me by my father who said: It was narrated to us by Waki` from An-Nahhas ibn Qaham who said: It was narrated to me by Shaddad Abu `Ammar from Mu`adh ibn Jabal who mentioned that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“There are six signs of the hour: my death, the conquest of Jerusalem, a type of death that will strike the people like the death that affects the hooves of sheep, a tribulation that is great in which the heat of it and the war from it will enter every Muslim home, a man will be given 1000 dinar and he will consider it as low, the Romans will break a treaty and march out under 80 banners and under each banner will be 12,000 troops.”

This was collected by the Imam, Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnad.

 

The Chapter on the Flourishing of Jerusalem

Hadith #43: It was narrated to us by Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Nasr as-Saidalani according to what I recited to him at Isfahan. I said: It was narrated to you by Fatimah bint `Abdullah and you are hearing it: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn `Abdullah who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn Ahmad who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ja`far ar-Razi who said: It was narrated to us by `Ali ibn al-Ja`d. Sulaiman ibn Ahmad said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn `Aziz a-Muwsali who said: It was narrated to us by Ghan ibn Ar-Rabi who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdur-Rahman ibn Thabit ibn Thawban from his father from Makhul from Jubair ibn Nafir from Malik ibn Yutkhamir from Mu`adh ibn Jabal who narrated that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“The flourishing and habitation of Jerusalem is in the desolation of Yathrib. The desolation of Yathrib is in the coming of the Great Tribulation. The coming of the Great Tribulation is in the conquest of Constantinople. The conquest of Constantinople is in the appearance of the False Messiah.”

This has been collected by Imams, Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnad from the transmission of Abun-Nadr ibn Al-Habbab from `Abdur-Rahman bin Thawban; Abu Dawud in his Sunan from the transmission of `Abbas al-`Anbari and also Abun-Nadr Hisham ibn Al-Qasim.

The Chapter on Discussion that the Mahdi will Come to Jerusalem

Hadith #44: It was narrated to us by Muhamamd ibn Ahmad ibn Nasr ibn Abul Fath al-Asbahani in the city of Asbahan that Abu `Ali al-Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Haddad that he informed them while he was besieged: It was narrated to us by Abu Nu`aim Ahmad ibn `Abdullah who said: It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim Sulaiman ibn Ahmad at-Tabarani who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad – and he is ibn `Abdur-Rahman al-Harran – who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Ja`far – who is known as an-Nufaili – who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Salamah Abul Wasil from Abus-Siddiq an-Naji from Al-Hasan ibn Yazid as-Sa`di – who is one of the Banu Bahdalah – who narrated from Abu Sa`id al-Khudri who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, saying:

“A man will appear from my Ummah and will speak according to my Sunnah. Allah will send down to him the goodness from the sky. The Earth will yield forth from him of its’ blessings, while he shall fill the earth with righteousness and justice just as right now it is full with tyranny and oppression.”

Imam at-Tabarani has said, “This hadith was narrated by a collective of people by way of Abus-Siddiq and no one narrated that there was between him and Abu Sa`id al-Khudri anyone except Abul Wasil.”

[1] Surat ul-Anbiya’ (21), ayah 71

VIRTUES OF JERUSALEM BY IMAM DIYA’ UD-DIN AL-MAQDISI d. 643 pt.1

Figure 1A: An old picture of the site of the Dome of the Rock and Al-Masjid ul-Aqsa

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

الحمد لله وحده و صلى الله على محمد و آله و سلم

In the name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Compassionate

Praise be to Allah Alone

And peace and blessings be upon Muhammad and his family

The Virtues of the Holy Land: Jerusalem and the Surrounding Lands

Chapter in Explanation of the Statement of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, “Do Not Set Out on a Journey Except to Three Masjids.”

According to the Narration of Abu Sa`id al-Khudri, may Allah be pleased with him

Hadith #1: It was narrated to us by Abu `Ali Diya’ ibn Abil Qasim ibn Abi `Ali an-Nasri according to the chain of transmission that I read to him in Baghdad:

I said to him: It was narrated to you by Al-Qadi Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn `Abdul Baqi al-Ansari according to what was read out and you heard it: It was given to us by `Ali ibn Ibrahim ibn `Isa al-Muqri who said: it was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Ja`far ibn Hamdan who said:

It was narrated to us by Al-Fadl ibn al-Hubbab al-Jumhi in Al-Basrah who said: It was narrated to us by Ibn Kathir and Abul Walid from Shu`bah, then from `Abdul Malik ibn `Umair from Qaza`ah, the freed slave of Ziyad, who then narrated from Abu Sa`id al-Khudri, who said:

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said three things, or he said, I heard three things from him that left me in wonder and amazement and they were,

“No woman should travel two days nor even two nights without have a mahram or her husband with her. No woman should fast on two days, those being `Eid ul-Adha and `Eid ul-Fitr. She should not make any optional prayers after the Fajr prayer until the sun has risen. She should not make any optional prayers after `Asr prayer until the sun has set. Nor should she set out on any journey except to three masjids: Al-Masjid ul-Haram, Al-Masjid ul-Aqsa and this very Masjid of mine.’

This hadith is authentic and has been collected by Imams al-Bukhari, as narrated by Abul Walid Hisham ibn `Abdul Malik; Imam Muslim as narrated by Muhammad ibn al-Muthanna from Muhammad ibn Ja`far, both of whom narrate from Shu`bah.

According to the Narration of Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him

Hadith #2: It was narrated to us by Abu Tahir al-Mubarak ibn Abil Mu`ali – known as Ibn al-Ma`tush according to what I read in Baghdad: I said to him: It was narrated to you by Hibatullah ibn Muhammad ibn `Abdul Wahid who read it out and said: It was narrated to us by Al-Hasan ibn `Ali who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Ja`far who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Ahmad who said: It was narrated to me by my father who said: it was narrated to me by Sufyan who said: It was narrated to me by Az-Zuhri who narrated from Sa`id, who narrated from Abu Hurairah, who narrated that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“Do not set out for travel except to three masjids: Al-Masjid ul-Haram, my Masjid and Al-Masjid ul-Aqsa.”

Sufyan said after the hadith: ‘Indeed it is written: Do not set out for travel except to three masjids…then the rest is mentioned.’

This hadith is authentic and has been collected by Imams Al-Bukhari in Al-Jami` us-Sahih as narrated from `Ali ibn al-Madini; Muslim in Al-Jami` us-Sahih but it is narrated from `Amr an-Naqid, but both collectors have as their source Sufyan ibn `Uyainah, who narrated from Az-Zuhri, who narrated from Sa`id ibn al-Musayyib, who narrated from the Companion, Abu Hurairah.

According to the Narration of Basrah, may Allah be pleased with him

Hadith #3: It was narrated to us by Abul Hasan al-Mu’ayyid ibn Muhammad ibn `Ali at-Tusi according to what I read to him in Naisabur and I said to him: It was narrated to you by Abu Muhammad Hibatullah ibn Sahl ibn `Umar ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hussain – known as as-Sayyidi – who read to him and you heard: It was narrated to us by Abu `Itman Sa`id ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Bahiri who said: It was narrated to us by Abu `Ali Zahir ibn Ahmad as-Sarakhsi who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn `Abdus-Samad al-Hashimi in Baghdad, who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Mus`ab Ahmad ibn Abu Bakr az-Zuhri who said: It was narrated to us by Malik from Yazid ibn `Abdullah al-Had from Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn Al-Harith at-Taymi from Salamah ibn `Abdur-Rahman from Abu Hurairah who said:

I set out and made my way to At-Tur and remembered and I met Basrah ibn Abi Basrah al-Ghifari. Basrah asked me, ‘Where were you coming from?’ I said that I was coming from At-Tur. He said to me, ‘If I had come to meet you before you had set out, you would not have headed out to it because I heard the Messenger of Alalh, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“Do not set out except to three masjids: Al-Masjid ul-Haram or this Masjid of mine or the Masjid of Jerusalem or the Holy Land.”

However, Basrah was not sure whether the Messenger, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said the Masjid of Jerusalem or the Holy Land.

This hadith was collected by Imams Abu Dawud as-Sijistani in his Sunan as narrated from Al-Qa`ni, `Abdullah ibn Maslamah ibn Qa`nab; Abu `Isa at-Tirmidhi in his Jami` us-Sunan as narrated from Qutaibah ibn Sa`id from Bakr ibn Mudar. Both Imams in their collections derive their reports from Yazid ibn `Abdullah ibn al-Had with his chain of transmission.

This text was also narrated by Sa`id ibn Abi Sa`id al-Maqburi who said, “Abu Basrah Jamil ibn Basrah met Abu Hurairah.”

This was also narrated by `Umar ibn `Abdur-Rahman ibn al-Harith ibn Hisham and Marthad ibn `Abdullah al-Yazani from Abu Basrah al-Ghifari and it is said that these people are one and the same person. Allah knows best which is correct.

According to the Narration of `Ali, peace be upon him

Hadith #4: `Ali Abul Fatuh As`ad ibn Mahmud ibn Khalaf al-`Ijli, the great Mufti, read out and we were listening to him in Isfahan: Fatimah bint `Abdullah al-Jawzdaniyyah narrated what was given to her and you are hearing: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn `Abdullah ibn Ziyad who said: It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim Sulaiman ibn Ahmad at-Tabarani who said: It was narrated to us by Maslamah ibn Ibrahim ibn Isma`il ibn Yahya ibn Salamah ibn Kuhairl al-Hadrami who said: It was narrated to me by my father who narrated from his father, from his grandfather, from Salamah ibn Kuhail from Hujaiyah ibn `Adi from `Ali who narrated that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“Do not set out on a journey except to three masjids: This Masjid of mine, al-Masjid ul-Haram and Al-Masjid ul-Aqsa.”

I do not know of any chain similar to this except from this particular narration and Allah knows best.

According to the narration of `Abdullah ibn `Umar, may Allah be pleased with both of them

Hadith #5: Abu Muhammad `Abdur-Razzaq ibn Nasr ibn Muslim an-Najjar read to us the following while we were attending class in the year 579 after Hijrah in the city of Damascus: It was narrated to you by Abu `Abdullah Muhammad ibn `Ali ibn Abil `Ala’ who said: It was narrated to us by Abul Hussain Muhammad ibn Makki ibn `Uthman ibn `Abdullah Al-Azdi al-Masri at Damascus, who said:

It was narrated to us by Abu `Ali Ahmad ibn `Umar ibn Muhammad ibn Khurshid his words and he said: it was narrated to us by Abul Qasim `Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Ishaq al-Marwazi – who is known as Al-Hamidh – who said: It was narrated to us by Ya`qub ibn `Ubaid an-Nahratiri who said: It was narrated to us by `Ali ibn Yunus al-Balkhi who said: It was narrated to us by Hisham ibn al-Ghaz who said: It was narrated to us by Nafi` from Ibn `Umar from the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, who said:

“Do not set out on any journey except to three masjids: Al-Masjid ul-Haram, this masjid of mine and al-Masjid ul-Aqsa.”

According to the narration of Abul Ja`d ad-Damri

This Companion has been named by some as Adra` ibn Janadah ibn al-Mirdad ibn `Abdu Ka`b ibn Damrah ibn Bakr ibn `Abdu Manah ibn Kananah ibn Khuzaimah ibn Mudrikah ibn Ilyas ibn Mudar ibn Nizar, may Allah be pleased with him.

Hadith #6: It was narrated to us by Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Nasr as-Saidalani and I read to him in Isfahan and said to him: It was narrated to you by Mahmud ibn Isma`il as-Sirafi and you were present and he said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hussain ibn Fadha Shah who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn  Ahmad at-Tabarani who said: It was narrated to us by al-Hadrami and Musa ibn Harun who both said: It was narrated to us by Sa`id ibn `Amr al-Ash`athi who said: It was narrated to us by `Ashar ibn Al-Qasim from Muhammad ibn `Amr from `Ubaidah ibn Sufyan from Abu Ja`d ad-Damri who said: It was said by the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him,

“Do not set out on a journey except to three masjids: Al-Masjid ul-Haram, my Masjid and Al-Masjid ul-Aqsa.”

According to the Narration of Wathilah ibn al-Asqa`, may Allah be pleased with him

Hadith #7: It was narrated to you by Abul Fada’il Al-Fadl ibn Al-Qasim ibn Al-Fadl ibn `Abdul Wahid as-Saidalani in his book that Al-Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn Al-Hasan al-Muqri informed them by way of reading to him: It was narrated to us by Abu Nu`aim Ahmad ibn `Abdullah who said:

It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim `Abdur-Rahman ibn Al-`Abbas ibn `Abdur-Rahman ibn Zakariyya al-Atrush in this very same wording who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn `Ali al-Khazzaz – who is also known as Abu Ja`far – who said: It was narrated to us by Al-`Ala’ ibn `Amr al-Hanafi who said: It was narrated to us by Ayyub ibn Mudrik from Makhul from Wathilah ibn al-Asqa` who mentioned that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Alalh be upon him, said,

“Do not set out on a journey except to three masjids: Al-Masjid ul-Haram, my Masjid and the Masjid of the Holy Land.”

I know of no other chain of transmission where the hadith of Wathilah is written this way other than in this form in which it is related by way of Ayyub ibn Mudrik and there were some hadith scholars who spoke about him. Allah knows best what is correct in that regard.

 

Chapter in Explanation of the Words of the Exalted One: So a Wall will be Put between them, and a Gate Fitted therein. Inside it will be the Mercy and Outside of it will be the Punishment[1]

Hadith #8: Abul Majd al-Fadl ibn al-Hussain ibn Ibrahim ibn Sulaiman ibn al-Baniyasi al-Mu`addal has informed you by way of recitation to him while I was in attendance in the month of Ramadan in the year 577 after Hijrah in Damascus: Abul Fadl Muhammad and Abul Hasan `Ali – the two sons of Al-Hasan ibn al-Hussain al-Mawazini – have informed you: It was narrated to us by Abu `Abdullah Muhamamd ibn `Ali ibn Yahya ibn Sulwan al-Mazini who said: It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim Al-Fadl ibn Ja`far at-Taymi, who is the mu’adh-dhin, who read to him and said: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr `Abdur-Rahman ibn Al-Qasim ibn Al-Faraj ibn `Abdul Wahid al-Hashimi who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Mashar `Abdul A`la ibn Mashar who said: It was narrated to us by Sa`id ibn `Abdul `Aziz from Ziyad ibn Abi Sawdah who said:

I was shown `Ubadah ibn as-Samit who was at the eastern gate of Jerusalem and weeping. He was asked, “What is making you weep like this?” He replied, “The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, informed us that it was from this spot that he saw the Great Fire.”

Hadith #9: Abu Talib al-Khidr ibn Hibatullah ibn Ahmad ibn `Abdullah ibn Tawus has informed you according to what was read to him and we were in attendance there in the city of Damascus in the month of Shawwal in the year 577 after Hijrah: The Sharif of the Household, Abul Qasim `Ali ibn Ibrahim al-Hussaini said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn `Ali ibn Yahya who said: It was narrated to us by Al-Fadl ibn Ja`far who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Ja`1far Muhammad ibn al-`Abbas ibn al-Walid al-Qurshi who dictated by hand: It was narrated to us by Musa ibn Sahl who said: It was narrated to us by Yazid ibn Khalid ibn Marshal who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdur-Rahman ibn Thabit ibn Thawban who said: It was narrated to me by Ziyad ibn Abi Sawdah who said that he heard his brother, `Uthman ibn Abi Sawdah, saying:

I saw `Ubadah ibn as-Samit while he had his chest resting on the wall of the Masjid and he was facing the valley of Gehenna and weeping. I asked him, “What are you weeping about?” He said, “This is the spot where the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, informed us that he saw the Great Fire while there.”

Hadith #10: Hibatullah ibn Al-Hasan ibn al-Muzaffar ibn as-Sibt narrated to us by what was read to him and we were in attendance in the gathering in Baghdad that Abdul Hussain Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hussain ibn al-Farra’ who read it to him: It was narrated to us by `Abdul `Aziz ibn Ahmad ibn `Umar ibn an-Nasibi by ijazah who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Wasiti who said: It was narrated to us by `Isa ibn `Abdullah ibn `Abdul `Aziz the Scribe who said: It was narrated to me by `Ali ibn Ja`far ar-Razi who said: It was narrated to us by Abul `Abbas Muhammad ibn al-Hasan ibn Qutaibah who said: It was narrated to us by Abu `Umair an-Nahhas who said: It was narrated to us by Al-Walid ibn Muslim from Al-Awza`ii from Yahya ibn Abi Kathir from Abi Salamah who said:

I was shown `Ubadah ibn as-Samit who was at the eastern gate of the Masjid of Jerusalem and weeping. It was said to him, “Why are you weeping?” He said, “We were informed by the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, that he saw an angel raking over hot coals as one would rotate crops.”

Hadith #11: It was narrated to you by Abu `Abdullah Muhammad ibn Hamad ibn Hamid ibn Ghiyath al-Artaji – as it was read to him – and I was listening in the gathering in Egypt: It was narrated to you by Abul Hasan `Ali ibn al-Hussain ibn `Umar al-Muwsali al-Farra’ in his book: I was narrated to us by Abul Hussain Muhammad ibn Hamud ibn ad-Dalil as-Sawwaf who read out: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Wasiti al-Bazzaz while at Jerusalem: It was narrated to us by Abu Hafs `Umar ibn al-Fadl ibn Al-Muhajir Ar-Rab`ii who said: It was narrated to us by my father who said: It was narrated to us by al-Walid who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Zaid al-Harrar who said: It was narrated to us by Riqad who said: It was narrated to us by Sadaqah ibn Yazid from Sa`id ibn `Abdul `Aziz from `Atiyyah ibn Qais from `Abdullah ibn `Amr ibn al-Asi who recited the ayah:

So a Wall will be Put between them, and a Gate Fitted therein. Inside it will be the Mercy and Outside of it will be the Punishment.[2]

`Abdullah ibn `Amr ibn al-`Asi then said in commentary, “This is the eastern gate of Jerusalem.”

 

Chapter in Explanation of the Statement that the Angels are the Trustees and Watchers Over the Three Masjids

Hadith #12: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn al-Hasan ibn Abil Baqa’ al-`Aquli at Baghdad and read out to him by `Abdur-Rahman ibn Muhammad al-Qarraz who informed them by reading to them: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Thabit the Preacher who said: It was narrated to us by the Qadi, Abul `Ala’ Muhammad ibn Ya`qub al-Wasiti who said: It was narrated to us by Abul Hasan Ahmad ibn Ja`far ibn Muhammad ibn al-Farraj al-Khallal the reader who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Hamid Ahmad ibn Raja ibn `Ubaidah who came to us at Hajj and recited it who said:

It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Ishaq al-Basri who said: It was narrated to us by Suwaid ibn Nasr al-Balkhi who said: It was narrated to us by Ibn al-Mubarak who said: It was narrated to us by Sufyan ath-Thawri from Hammad ibn Salamah from Ibrahim an-Nakha`ii from `Alqamah who said: `Abdullah ibn Mas`ud stated that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“Allah has three angels: The angel that is the trustee and maintainer of the Ka`bah, an angel that is the trustee and maintainer of my Masjid and an angel that is the trustee and maintainer of al-Masjid al-Aqsa. The angel at the Ka`bah calls out every day, ‘Whoever abandoned the obligations of Allah has indeed left the Safety of Allah.’

The angel at my Masjid calls out every day, ‘Whoever abandoned the Sunnah of Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, will not make it to the Hawd nor will he receive the intercession of Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.’ The angel at Al-Masjid ul-Aqsa calls out every day, ‘Whoever sustained himself with impermissible things, then his face will be branded with it on the Day of Judgement.’ ”

Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi repudiated one portion of the hadith and said, “The men that narrated this chain of transmission are all upright and trustworthy with the exception of al-Basri and Ahmad ibn Raja.’ These two men are unknown and Allah knows best.”

 

  Chapter Regarding the question, Which was the First Masjid Built on Earth?

Hadith #13: It was narrated to us by Abu Muslim al-Mu’ayyid ibn `Abdur-Rahim ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Ikhwah at Isfahan that Zahir ibn Tahir ash-Shahami who informed them by written statement: It was narrated to us by Abul Hasan Ahmad ibn `Abdur-Rahim regarding the other narrators who said: It was narrated to us by Abul Hussain al-Khaffaf who said: It was narrated to us by Abul `Abbas as-Sirah who said: It was narrated to us by Ishaq ibn Ibrahim who said: It was narrated to us by `Isa ibn Yunus who said: It was narrated to us by Al-A`mash from Ibrahim at-Taymi from his father from Abu Dhar al-Ghifari who said:

I asked the Messenger of Allah, “Which was the first masjid built on Earth?” He answered, “It was Al-Masjid ul-Haram.” I then said, “Messenger of Allah, which masjid was built after that?” He told me, “It was Al-Masjid ul-Aqsa.” I then asked, “How many years were there between the building of the first and the building of the second?” He said, “There were forty years between the building of the two. So whenever a prayer comes you should pray therein as that place is a masjid for you. ”

This is collected by Imam al-Bukhari in his Al-Jami` us-Sahih from Musa ibn Isma`il; Imam Muslim narrated this in his Al-Jami` us-Sahih from Abu Kamil al-Fudail ibn Al-Hussain, with both collections using the chain of transmission from `Abdul Wahid ibn Ziyad from Sulaiman ibn Mahram from Al-A`mash.

Hadith #14: It was narrated to us by the Imam, Abu `Abdullah Muhammad ibn Hamad ibn Hamid al-Artaji who had it read out in Egypt that Abul Hussain `Ali ibn al-Hussain ibn `Umar al-Muwsali who informed them in his book: It was narrated to us by Abul Hussain Muhammad ibn Hamud ibn ad-Dalil as-Sawwaf who read out to him: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Wasiti Al-Bazzaz at Jerusalem who said:

It was narrated to us by Abu Hafs `Umar ibn al-Fadl ibn Al-Muhajir ar-Rub`ii who said: It was narrated to us by my father who said: It was narrated to us by Al-Walid who said: It was narrated to me by Abul Hasan at-Tahhan – who is Ishaq ibn al-Hasan – who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Salih who said: It was narrated to me by Luhai`ah from Yazid ibn Abi Habib who said: It was narrated to me by `Ata’ ibn Abi Ribah from `A’ishah, the wife of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. She narrated that he said:

“Indeed Makkah is a land that Allah has magnified and exalted its’ sanctity. He created Makkah and surrounded it with angels one thousand years before any of the Earth was made. The city was spread out and extended and then Jerusalem and its’ surrounding lands. After the one thousand years, he created all the Earth in one moment.”

The correct narration is that he spread out Al-Madinah and then spread out Al-Madinah until it’s boundaries reached where Jerusalem and its’ surrounding lands would be located.

 

The Chapter on the Virtue of Prayer at Jerusalem

Hadith #15: It was narrated to us by Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Nasr al-Asbahani who said there in the gathering that Umm Ibrahim Fatimah bint `Abdullah al-Jawzdaniyyah narrated to them as they read to her: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn `Abdullah ibn Raidah who said: It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim Sulaiman ibn Ahmad at-Tabarani who said: It was narrated to us by Ja`far ibn Muhammad al-Faryabi who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn `Abdur-Rahman ad-Dimishqi who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Shu`aib ibn Shabur from `Urwah ibn Ruwaim from `Abdullah ibn Ad-Dailami from `Abdullah ibn `Amr who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, saying,

“Sulaiman asked Allah for three things and was granted two. I hope that Allah will give him the third and they are the following: 1) that he always give the judgement that He – Allah – desires so that the judgements coincide, 2) that he be given a kingdom with the like of that which will not be achieved by anyone after and 3) that anyone who comes to Jerusalem not intending anything but prayer there will have his sins expiated from him to the point that he will be as pure as the day that his mother gave birth to him.”

This was collected by Imams Abu `Abdullah Ibn Majah and Abu `Abdur-Rahman An-Nasa’ii from the narration of `Abdullah ibn Fairuz ad-Dailami from `Abdullah ibn `Amr.

Hadith #16: It was narrated to us by Abul Majd Zahir ibn Ahmad ibn Hamid ath-Thaqafi at Isfahan that Abu `Abdullah al-Hussain ibn `Abdul Malik al-Adib who read to him and informed them: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn Mansur at Harwuh who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn `Ali who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Ya`la Ahmad bin `Ali ibn al-Muthanna who said: it was narrated to us by `Amr ibn Al-Husain who said: It was narrated to us by Yahya ibn Al-`Ala’ who said: It was narrated to us by Thawr ibn Yazid from Ziyad ibn Abi Sawdah from Abu Umamah who said:

Maimunah bint Al-Harith, wife of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “Messenger of Allah, Tell us who we should be with Jerusalem.” He said, “It is the land where there shall occur the Resurrection and the Gathering. Go to that land to see it and pray there. Indeed one prayer there is like one thousand prayers anywhere else.”

Maimunah then asked, “Messenger of Allah, What about the one who cannot make it there?” He said, “Then let him donate some olive oil to be burned for lighting there as the one who dedicates something to it is like the one who has prayed there.

This hadith has likewise been narrated by `Amr ibn al-Husain from Yahya ibn al-`Ala’ and both Imams Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah do not use these people as proof for the hadith. The well known fact is that the one in this hadith is Maimunah bint Sa`d, freed slave of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and this is not Maimunah bint al-Harith.

Hadith #17: It was narrated to us by Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn Ahmad as-Saidalani at Isfahan that Mahmud ibn Isma`il as-Sirafi and informed them while he was present: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hussain ibn Fadhashah: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn Ahmad ibn Ayyub who said: It was narrated to us by Ya`qub ibn Ishaq ibn az-Zubair al-Halabi who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Ja`far al-Nufaili who said: It was narrated to us by `Isa ibn Yunus from Thawr ibn Yazid from Ziyad ibn Abi Sawdah from his brother, `Uthman ibn Abi Sawdah from Maimunah, the freed slave of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, who narrated:

I said, “Messenger of Allah, Tell us about Jerusalem.” He said, “This is the land where there shall occur the Resurrection and the Gathering. Go to it and pray there. Indeed one prayer there is like one thousand prayers anywhere else.”

So I said, “Messenger of Allah, what is the case for the one who cannot make it there or go to be present there.” He said, “Then you need to dedicate some olive oil to it so that it might be burned for lightning. Whoever dedicated something to it, then it is like the one who prayed at the Masjid.” This is a well known narration.

Hadith #18: It was narrated to us by Abu `Ali ibn Abil Qasim ibn Abi `Ali an-Nisri that the Qadi, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn `Abdul Baqi an-Ansari who informed them by reading to him: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn `Ali ibn al-Hussain ibn Sakinah who said: It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim `Ubaidullah ibn Ahmad ibn `Ali As-Saidalani who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Hafs who said: It was narrated to us by my father who said: It was narrated to me by Ibrahim ibn Tahman from al-Hajjaj from Qatadah from Abul Khalil from `Abdullah ibn as-Samit from Abu Dhar al-Ghifari that he said:

We were discussing things while in the presence of the Messenger of Allah when the following topic came up: which is better, the Masjid of the Messenger of Allah or the one in Jerusalem? The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“A prayer in my Masjid is better than four prayers there and how good is the one that shall pray there. A time will come when a man will have a bow’s length of wealth and his seeing Jerusalem will be better for him than this life and everything else in it.”

Hadith #19: It was narrated to us by Abul `Ala’ `Abdus-Samad ibn Abir-Raja’ ibn Ahmad ibn `Abdul Wahid al-Asbahani by way of ijazah that Abu `Ali al-Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Hasan was reading it out and said to the congregation: It was narrated to us by Abu Nu`aim Ahmad ibn `Abdullah who said: It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim Sulaiman ibn Ahmad at-Tabarani who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Nasr – known as Al-Hamdani – who said: It was narrated to us by Hisham ibn `Ammar who said: It was narrated to us by Abul Khattab Hammad ad-Dimishqi from Ruzaiq Abu `Abdullah al-Alahani from Anas ibn Malik who narrated that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“The prayer of the man in his house is one prayer but each prayer he makes in the Masjid of his area is worth twenty five prayers. Each prayer that he makes in the masjid where Jumu`ah is established is worth five hundred prayers while each prayer made in Al-Masjid ul-Aqsa is worth fifty thousand prayers. Then each prayer he makes at the Ka`bah is worth one hundred thousand prayers while each prayer he made in my Masjid is worth fifty thousand prayers.”

This was collected by Abu `Abdullah Ibn Majah in his Sunan from Hisham ibn `Ammar ad-Dimashqi.

Hadith #20: It was narrated to us by the Shaikh, the Imam, Abu `Abdullah Muhammad ibn Hamad ibn Hamid ibn Ghayath al-Artaji who recited this in Egypt while we were in attendance: It was narrated to you by Abul Hasan `Ali ibn al-Hussain ibn `Umar al-Muwsali who recited in the book: It was narrated to us by Abul Hussain Muhammad ibn Hamud ibn Ad-Dalil as-Sawwaf who had it read to him: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Wasiti al-Bazzaz at Jerusalem who said:

It was narrated to us by Abu Hafs `Umar ibn Al-Fadl ibn Al-Muhajir ar-Rub`ii who said: It was narrated to me by my father who said: It was narrated to me by Al-Walid who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn an-Nu`man who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn `Abdur-Rahman who said: It was narrated to us by Abu `Abdul Malik al-Jazari from Ghalib ibn `Abdullah from `Ata’ ibn Abi Rabah from Abu Hurairah who narrated that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“Whoever prayed in Jerusalem, then all of his sins are forgiven. Allah has said: Are they waiting except that Allah and the angels will come to them in the clouds?[3] This is referring to Jerusalem.”

Chapter Regarding Prayer Facing Jerusalem

Hadith #21: It was narrated to us by Abu Zur`ah `Ubaidullah ibn Muhammad al-Fatwani who read the text out from me at Isfahan. I said to him: It was narrated to you from Abu `Abdullah Al-Hussain ibn `Abdul Malik al-Khallal who read it to him: It was narrated to us by Abul Fald `Abdur-Rahman ibn Ahmad ar-Razi who said: It was narrated to us by Ja`far ibn `Abdullah who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Harun ar-Ruwayani who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Bishar who said: It was narrated to us by Yahya ibn Sa`id from Sufyan from Abu Ishaq from Al-Bara’ ibn `Azib who said:

I prayed with the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, facing Jerusalem for sixteen or seventeen months… – Sufyan was not sure whether it was sixteen or seventeen narrated – Then he turned towards the Qiblah of Makkah after that.

This is collected by Imams al-Bukhari and Muslim in their collections, both chains of transmission coming from Abu Musa Muhammad ibn al-Muthanna from Yahya ibn Sa`id.

Hadith #22: It has further been narrated to us by Abu Ahmad `Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Abil Majd al-Harbi who taught in Baghdad that Hibatullah ibn Muhammad informed them by reading to him: It was narrated to us by Al-Hasan ibn `Ali who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Ja`far who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Ahmad who said: It was narrated to me by my father who said: It was narrated to us by Hussain ibn `Ali from Za’idah from Samak from `Ikrimah from Ibn `Abbas who said:

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his Companions faced Jerusalem for sixteen months and then he faced the Qiblah in Makkah after that time.

Hadith #23: It was narrated to us by al-Mubarak ibn Abil-Ma`ali al-Harimi that Abul Qasim Hibatullah narrated to them and he was reading to him: It was narrated to us by Abu `Ali ibn al-Mudhhab who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr al-Qati`ii who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Ahmad who said: It was narrated to us by my father who said: It was narrated to us by Yahya ibn Hammad who said: It was narrated to us by Abu `Awanah from Al-A`mash from Mujahid from Ibn `Abbas who said:

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, used to pray facing Jerusalem while in Makkah and the Ka`bah was in front of him. Then when he made Hijrah to Al-Madinah, after some sixteen months he began to face the Ka`bah in prayer.

The Imam, Ahmad ibn Hanbal collected both of these chains of transmission.

Hadith #24: It was narrated to us by Abu Tahir al-Mubarak ibn Abil-Mu`ali ibn al-Ma`tush who according to my recitation to him was in the gathering at the eastern gate of Baghdad. I said to him: It was narrated to you by Abul Qasim Hibatullah ibn Muhammad ibn `Abdul Wahid according to what was recited to him: It was narrated to us by Al-Hussain ibn `Ali who said:

It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Ja`far who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Ahmad who said: It was narrated to me by my father who said: It was narrated to us by `Affan who said: It was narrated to us by Hammad from Thabit from Anas who said: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, used to pray facing Jerusalem and then the ayah was sent:

We have seen you turning your face towards the sky. We will cause you to face a Qiblah that will please you. So turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid ul-Haram.[4]

A man passed by some of the people and found them in bowing while it was the Fajr prayer. They had already made one rak`ah so he called out, ‘The Qiblah has changed and it is now the Ka`bah.’ So the people turned at that moment to face the Qiblah mentioned.”

This is collected by Imam Muslim in his Al-Jami` us-Sahih as narrated from Abu Bakr ibn Abi Shaibah from `Affan.

Hadith #25: It was narrated to us by Abu Muslim al-Mu’ayyid ibn `Abdur-Rahim ibn Ahmad ibn al-Ikhwah that Abul Qasim Zahir ibn Tahir ash-Shahami that he informed them of that which was given to them: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Ya`q            ub ibn Ahmad as-Sirafi in the two narrations: They said: It was narrated to us by Abul Hussain Al-Khaffaf who said: It was narrated to us by Abul `Abbas as-Siraj who said: It was narrated to us by Yusuf ibn Musa who said: It was narrated to us by Ishaq ibn `Isa from at-Taba`. As-Siraj stated: It was narrated to us by Ziyad ibn Ayyub who said: It was narrated to us by Abu `Asim all of that which came from Malik ibn Anas from `Abdullah ibn Dinar from Ibn `Umar who said:

The people of Quba’ were praying while facing Sham and there came to them a man who called out, “The Messenger of Allah has had sent to him some revelation of the Qur’an and he is now facing the Qiblah in Makkah. So the people turned their backs to Sham and faced Makkah.”

As-Siraj said: It was narrated to us by Al-`Abbas ibn Muhammad ad-Dawri who said: It was narrated to us by Khalid ibn Makhlid who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn Bilal who said: It was narrated to me by `Abdullah ibn Dinar from Ibn `Umar who said:

It was while the people were praying Fajr prayer in Quba’ that there came to them a man. The man called out, “The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, has received revelation tonight of the Qur’an in which he was ordered to face the Ka`bah.” So the people faced the Ka`bah. The people at one point were facing Sham but they turned their backs to it and faced the Ka`bah.

This has been collected by Imams al-Bukhari and Muslim from the narration of Qutaibah ibn Sa`id from Malik ibn Anas who narrated the meaning of the hadith.

[1] Surat ul-Hadid (57), ayah 13

[2] Surat ul-Hadid (57), ayah 13

[3] Surat ul-Baqarah (2), ayah 210.

[4] Surat ul-Baqarah (2), ayah 144

Sham, Iraq, Egypt: the Authoritiesٍ