VIRTUES OF JERUSALEM BY IMAM DIYA’ UD-DIN AL-MAQIDISI D. 643 PT.3

Figure 1A: The Dome of the Rock complex.

The Chapter Explaining that the Victorious Group will be in Jerusalem and the Shadows of Jerusalem

These matters have been discussed in our other work – which is volume one of the series – entitled Fada’il ush-Sham (The Virtues of Sham).

 

The Chapter of the Night Journey of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him to Jerusalem

Hadith #45: It was narrated to us by Abu `Ali Diya’ ibn Abul Qasim ibn Abu `Ali an-Nasri according to what I read to him from dictation in Baghdad. I said to him: It was narrated to you by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn `Abdul Baqi al-Ansari who it was recited to him and you heard it: It was narrated to us by Abu Muhammad al-Hasan ibn Muhammad al-Jawhari by dictation who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Ja`far ibn Hamdan who recited to him and I was listening: It was narrated to us by Bishr ibn Musa al-Asadi who said: It was narrated to us by Hudhah ibn Khalifah who said: It was narrated to us by `Awf from Zararah ibn Awfa who mentioned that Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him and his father, quoted the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, as saying,

“When the night journey came and I woke up in Makkah suddenly and I knew that the people would reject and belie me.”

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, went out and was very sad and unhappy and was isolated.

Abu Jahl passed by him and came close enough and could be near to him when he asked mockingly, “Anything new today?” The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “Yes, as a matter of fact there is something new.” Abu Jahl responded, “So what do you have?” He answered him, “I was taken from my bed and travelled by night.” Abu Jahl asked, “Where to?” He was answered, “To Jerusalem.” Abu Jahl then asked, “Then you came back to us after that?” He replied, “Yes.” No one heard this statement except that he denied that it had been said out of fear that someone would call his people to the faith and then it would be said to him, “Do you stand by the statement of your people and do you tell me to affirm that which I am to call them to?”

He said, “Indeed this is what I say.” So Abu Jahl then said, “Gathering of Banu Ka`b, come here one moment.” So the people finished their talking in small groups and gathered around  and then Abu Jahl asked the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, “Now tell your people again what you just told me.” So the Messenger of Alalh, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, responded, “I was taken on a journey in the night.”

The people asked, “Where to?” He said, “To Jerusalem.” The people then asked, “Then after that you came back to us?” He said, “Yes, indeed that is the case.” There were some who clapped their hands in derision while others in the gathering placed their hands on their heads while laughing at what he had said. They said, “Are you able to describe to us the Masjid that is there in the city?”

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, went on to say that he described it to them until that he had finished all the details that had been shown to him. The image on the Masjid was shown to him and he was looking at it as if he was looking at the house of `Aqil or the house of `Iqal. So I described while I was looking at it and the people say, “By Allah, the description that he gave is indeed correct. He has told the truth.”

This is collected by the Imam, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, from the transmission of Muhammad ibn Ja`far and Ruh ibn `Awf.

Hadith #46: It was narrated to us by the Imam, Abu Bakr Al-Qasim ibn `Abdullah ibn `Umar ibn as-Saffar at Naisabar that Wajih ibn Tahir ash-Shahami narrated to them by way of dictation: It was narrated to us by Abu Hamid Ahmad ibn al-Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Azhari by way of dictation to him: It was narrated to us by Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Makhlidi who said:

It was narrated to us by Abul `Abbas Muhammad ibn Ishaq ath-Thaqafi who said: It was narrated to us by `Ali ibn Muslim at-Tusi who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Dawud who said: It was narrated to us by Ibn Abi Salamah from Abu Hurairah who mentioned that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“I was at the chamber of the Ka`bah when the Quraish were asking me about my Night Journey to Jerusalem. They asked me a number of things about Jerusalem  and I was stricken about getting any details wrong. So Allah manifested it to me so that I could look at it and whatever they asked me I informed them. I had been in a group of the prophets and I saw Musa standing up in his grave while praying. He was a man with curly hair and brown like the man from the Shanu’ah tribe. I then saw `Isa who was standing and praying and he most resembled `Urwah ibn Mas`ud ath-Thaqafi out of all the people. I saw Ibrahim who was standing and praying and he most resembled your friend currently speaking out of the all the people. So when I prayed and finished, it was said to me, ‘Muhammad, This is Malik. He is the of the guardians of the Fire.’ The speaker then greeted him. I then turned to greet him but he greeted me first.”

This was collected by Muslim from Zuhair ibn Harb from Juhain ibn Al-Muthanna from `Abdul `Aziz ibn Abi Salamah from `Abdullah ibn al-Fadhl. There was a portion of the narration in which it was said that, “So Allah manifested it to me and I looked upon the buildings.”

Hadith #47: It was narrated to us by Abu Muslim al-Mu’ayyid ibn `Abdur-Rahim ibn al-Ikhwah according to the recitation that I narrated to him in Isfahan. I said to him: It was narrated to you by Zahir ibn Tahir ibn ash-Shahami according to how it was read to him: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Mansur ibn Khalaf al-Maghribi who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Muhammad al-Hasan ibn Ahmad al-Makhlidi who said: It was narrated to us by Abul `Abbas Muhammad ibn Ishaq as-Siraj who said: It was narrated to us by Qutaibah ibn Sa`id who said: It was narrated to us by Al-Laith ibn Sa`d from `Aqil from Az-Zuhri from Abu Salamah ibn `Abdur-Rahman from Jabir ibn `Abdullah that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“When the Quraish belied me, I stood up at the chamber of the Ka`bah and Allah showed me a vision of Jerusalem and I started describing to them the details and its’ proofs as I was looking right at it.”

This was collected by Imams al-Bukhari in his Al-Jami` us-Sahih from the narration of Ibn Bakir; Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj from Qutaibah while both narrations originate at Al-Laith ibn Sa`d. Both narrations also have, “When the Quraish belied me.” Allah knows best about this matter.

Hadith #48: It was narrated to us by Abul Majd Zahir ibn Ahmad ibn Hamid ath-Thaqafi at Isfahan that Abu `Abdullah Al-Hussain ibn `Abdul Malik the teacher informed them by way of recitation that: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn Mansur Sibt at Harwih: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ibrahim the reader who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Ya`la Ahmad ibn `Ali ibn al-Muthanna al-Muwsali who said: It was narrated to us by Shaiban who said: It was narrated to us by Hammad who said: It was narrated to us by Thabit al-Bunani from Anas ibn Malik that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“I was brought the Buraq. It was a beast that was white in colour and larger than a donkey but smaller than a mule. Wherever it would place its’ hooves and gaze is as far as it would go in the blink of an eye. I rode it until I came to Jerusalem. I then disembarked and tethered it at the place wthere all the prphets before had tethered it. Then I entered the Masjid and prayed two raka`ah, then came out.”

This is collected by Imam Muslim in his Al-Jami` us-Sahih in a long narration from Ghaiban ibn Farukh.

Hadith #49: It was narrated to us by the Imam, Abu Bakr al-Qasim ibn `Abdullah ibn `Umar ibn as-Saffar at Naisabur that Abu Bakr Wajih ibn Tahir ash-Shahami informed them of that which had been read to him: It was narrated to us by Abu Hamid Ahmad ibn al-hasan ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Azhari who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Muhammad al-Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Makhlidi who said: It was narrated to us by Abul `Abbas as-Siraj who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Rafi` who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdur-Razzaq who said: It was narrated to us by Ma`mar from Qatadah from Anas ibn Malik who said that the Ptophet, peace nad blessings of Allah be upon him:

When he was brought the Buraq on the Night Journey, he prepared to ride it and when he came forward to mount it, the beast moved away and was startled. Jibril said to it, ‘What is wrong with you! By Allah, No one more noble in the sight of Allah has mounted you before him.’ Then the best calmed down.

This is collected by the Imam, Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnad from the narration of Muhammad ibn Yahya an-Naisaburi from `Abd ibn Humaid and others from`Abdur-Razzaq; At-Tirmidhi from Ishaq ibn Mansur from `Abdur-Razzaq who said: “The hadith is strange and I do not know this wording except from the hadith of `Abdur-Razzaq.” I would say for the record that he may mean that Ma`mar having narrated it is strange in narration. This was also narrated by Sa`id from `Arubah from Qatadah.

Hadith #50: It was narrated to us by Zahir ibn Ahmad th-Thaqafi at Isfahan that al-Hussain ibn `Abdul Malik al-Adib narrated to them by way of recitation to him: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn Mansur who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ibrahim who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Ya`la al-Muwsali who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdur-Rahman ibn Al-Mutawakkil the reader who said: It was narrated to us by Yahya ibn Wadih who said: It was narrated to us by Az-Zubair ibn Janadah from `Abdullah ibn Buraidah from his father that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“On the Nighty Journey, I carried on until I reached Jerusalem. Then the Angel Jibril, peace be upon him, approached the foundation stone and rent it with his finger and then had me tether the Buraq.”

This was collected by at-Tirmidhi from the narration of Ya`qub ibn Ibrahim from Abu Thumailah – who is actually Yahya ibn Wadih.

Hadith #51: It was narrated to us by Zahir ibn Ahmad ibn Hamid ath-Thaqafi that Al-Hussain bin `Abdul Malik al-Khallal informed them by way of recitation: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn Mansur who said: It was narrated to us by Zahir by way of my recitation that Isma`il ibn al-Ikhshid informed them by way of written authority:

It was narrated to us by Abu Tahir Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn `Abdur-Rahman, who both said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ibrahim who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn `Ali Al-Muwsali who said: It was narrated to us by Hadabah ibn Khalid who said: It was narrated to us by Hammad ibn Salamah who said: It was narrated to us by Thabit from Anas ibn Malik who said:

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, came to the Buraq and it was a beast that was white in colour and was larger than a donkey but smaller than a mule. Whereever t placed its’ hoof and looked was where it went in the blink of an eye. He said, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him,

“So I mounted it and travelled until I came to Jerusalem. I then disembarked and tethered the beast at the place where all the prophets had tethered it in the past. Then I ented the Masjid and prayed two raka`ah. Then I came out and Jibril came to me with a vessel filled with wine and another vessel with milk.

I took the vessel of milk and drank. Jibril then said to me, ‘You chose the natural disposition.’ Then I went out to the lower sky. Then Jibril sought entry and it was said, ‘Who are you?’ He answered and said that it was Jibril but then he was asked, ‘And who is with you?’ He answered, ‘It is Muhammad.’ The voice that came back asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ So it was opened up for us and when I came in there was Adam and I greated him and he prayed for me that I would have good.

Then I ascended to the second sky. Then Jibril sought entry and it was said, ‘Who are you?’ He answered and said that it was Jibril but then he was asked, ‘And who is with you?’ He answered, ‘It is Muhammad.’ The voice that came back asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ So it was opened up for us and when I came in there were Yahya and the son of his aunt (Maryman) `Isa ibn Maryam and they both greeted me and he prayed for me that I would have good.Then I ascended to the third sky. Then Jibril sought entry and it was said, ‘Who are you?’

He answered and said that it was Jibril but then he was asked, ‘And who is with you?’ He answered, ‘It is Muhammad.’ The voice that came back asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ So it was opened up for us and when I came in there was Yusuf – the one who had been given half of all the beauty – so he greeted me and he prayed for me that I would have good.

After that I ascended to the fourth sky. Then Jibril sought entry and it was said, ‘Who are you?’ He answered and said that it was Jibril but then he was asked, ‘And who is with you?’ He answered, ‘It is Muhammad.’ The voice that came back asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ So it was opened up for us and when I came in there was Idris who greeted me and he prayed for me that I would have good.  Allah, Mighty and Majestic said, And We raised him to a high station.[1]

Then from there I ascended to the fifth sky. Then Jibril sought entry and it was said, ‘Who are you?’ He answered and said that it was Jibril but then he was asked, ‘And who is with you?’ He answered, ‘It is Muhammad.’ The voice that came back asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ So it was opened up for us and when I came in there was Harun who greeted me and he prayed for me that I would have good.

Shortly after I ascended to the sixth sky. Then Jibril sought entry and it was said, ‘Who are you?’ He answered and said that it was Jibril but then he was asked, ‘And who is with you?’ He answered, ‘It is Muhammad.’ The voice that came back asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ So it was opened up for us and when I came in there was Musa, peace be upon him, who greeted me and he prayed for me that I would have good.

Once I finished there I ascended to the seventh sky. Then Jibril sought entry and it was said, ‘Who are you?’ He answered and said that it was Jibril but then he was asked, ‘And who is with you?’ He answered, ‘It is Muhammad.’ The voice that came back asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ So it was opened up for us and when I came in there was Ibrahim, peace be upon him.

He had his back facing The Frequented House, a place in which 70,000 angels enter in and go out and never repeat. I then went to the Lote Tree of the Utmost Boundary and the leaves on the tree were like the ears of elephants. The fruit of the tree was larger than water jugs used for travel and it was covered with things from the command of Allah that were willed. There is no one from the creation of Allah that can describe its’ goodness. So we revealed to him what was to be revealed. 

Then after that fifty prayers a day were made compulsory for me to do so I went down and saw Musa, peace be upon him, on the way and he said, ‘What was made compulsory for your Ummah?’ I said, ‘Fifty prayers a day.’ He said, ‘Your Ummah will not be able to do that. Go back to your Lord and ask for a reduction.’ So I returned back and said, ‘Lord, I ask for a reduction so he took five away from the number.’ So I returned to Musa and he said, ‘So what did you do?’ I said, ‘I had five prayers taken off the number.’

He said, ‘Your Ummah will not be able to do that. Ask for a reduction.’ So I went back and asked for a reduction and kept going back and forth between my Lord and Musa until he said, ‘Muhammad, It is five prayers in every day and night but each prayer shall be counted as ten and this will be fifty. So whoever intended to do a good deed but did not, then this is counted as one good deed. If he did the deed, it is written for him as ten good deeds. Whoever intended to do a bad deed and did not do it, nothing is written down. If he did it, one bad deed is written.’ I then returned to Musa and informed him of the situation and he told me, ‘Go back and ask for a reduction.’ I said that I had already gone back to my Lord so many times that I felt shy to do so again.”

This narration is collected by Imam Muslim in his Al-Jami` us-Sahih in a long narration from Shaiban ibn Farukh from Hammad ibn Silamah from Thabit from Anas.

Hadith #52: It was narrated to us by Abul Majd Al-Fadl ibn Al-Hussain ibn Ibrahim ibn Sulaiman ibn al-Baniyasi who read to him and we were listening in the gathering in Damascus in the year 577 after Hijrah. It was said to him: It was narrated to you by Abul Hasan `Ali ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Hussain al-Salami al-Mawazini according to what was read to him in the year 513 after Hijrah who said: It was narrated to us by Abul Hussain Muhammad ibn `Abdur-Rahman ibn `Uthman ibn Abi Nasr according to what was read to him in the year 443 after Hijrah:

It was read to the Qadi, Abu Bakr Yusuf ibn Al-Qasim ibn Yusuf ibn Faris Al-Mayanji in the year 374 after Hijrah while I was present and listening and it was said to him: It was narrated to you by Abu Ya`la Ahmad ibn `Ali ibn Al-Muthanna at-Tamimi al-Muwsali according to what was read to him: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Isma`il al-Wasawisi who said: It was narrated to us by Damrah ibn Rabi`ah from Yahya ibn Abi `Amr as-Saybani from Abu Salih – the freed slave of Umm Hani – from Umm Hani who said: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, came to me very late one night while I was reclining upon my bed and said,

“I wanted to go and sleep in al-Masjid ul-Haram one night but then Jibril, peace be upon him, came to me and he took me to the gate of the Masjid. It was there I found a beast that was white in colour, larger than a donkey but smaller than a mule. Its’ ears were lowered and I stood forth to mount it. Wherever it placed its’ hooves and put its’ gaze, it would go there in the blink of an eye.

When he took me from low to high elevation he would pump his legs upward and move the back legs downwards and when he took me down he would stretch his back legs and curl his front legs. Jibril, peace be upon him, did not have me disembark until we stopped at Jerusalem. Once there, I tethered the beast at the same place where the prophets had tethered it in the past. I then found an open space where the prophets were gathered.

Among them were Ibrahim, Musa, `Isa, peace be upon them all. I prayed with them and spoke to them. I was then brought two vessels bearing liquid. One had a read liquid and one had a white liquid. I drank the white liquid and Jibril, said to me right after, ‘You have drank milk and left the wine. If you had drank wine, your Ummah would have been led astray.’ I then rode on the animal thereafter until I came to Al-Masjid ul-Haram.”

I prayed in the morning with him and even held onto his cloak when I heard the news. I said, ‘I implore you by Allah, dear son of my uncle! Do not tell the Quraish about this as they are sure to belie you and those who believe in you may belie you.’ He took his hands and moved his cloak until he was able to remove himself from my grasp and removed my hands which were around his belly.

I looked at the flesh that was above his izar and it was like the rolled up page of scroll with the marks of the izar. When the light of his skin was seen and it was known that he was going to carry through with his desire, I looked away and fell down in prostration. When I raised my head I saw that he had already left from the house. I said to my servant girl by the name of Nab`ah, ‘May Allah have mercy on you. Follow him and look at what he will say and what is going to be said to him.’

When Nab`ah returned to me she informed me that the Messenger of Allah had set out to a group of the Quraish gathered at the Hatim of the Ka`bah and among those present were: al-Mut`am ibn `Adi ibn Nawfal, `Amr ibn Hisham, Al-Walid ibn al-Mughirah. The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, then addressed them, “I prayed `Isha’ last light in this Masjid and also prayed there the Fajr prayer but between that time I prayed at Jerusalem and with the prophets in their numbers. Among them were Ibrahim, Musa, `Isa, peace be upon them all. I prayed with them and spoke to them.”

`Amr ibn Hisham asked in derision, ‘Describe them to me!’ He was told, “`Isa, peace be upon him, was of medium height and not very tall, having a wide chest, very red features, wavy hair and somewhat resembled `Urwah ibn Mas`ud ath-Thaqafi. As for Musa, peace be upon him, he was brown and tall, resembling one of the tribesman of the Shanu’ah. He had much hair and evenly spaced eyes and well spaced teeth and large lips, bearing a strong and fierce look, stern in expression. As for Ibrahim, peace be upon him, by Allah, I resemble him most in his looks and actions.”

They looked at him in wonder and animation, with al-Mut`am ibn `Adi ibn Nawfal saying, ‘All of your situation before today was easier to bear than what you have just claimed now. I bear witness that you are a liar! We take caravans of camels to Jerusalem and it is a month long journey to get there and you are claiming that you have gone in one night. I swear by Lat, `Uzza that I do not believe you and what you are saying could never be true.’

Al-Mut`am had a station at the well of Zamzam that had been given to him by `Abdul Muttalib and he destroyed and swore by Lat and `Uzza that he would not take a single drop from it ever again. Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, said to him, ‘Mut`am, You have said evil to the son of your brother and belied him. I bear witness that this man is truthful.’

Al-Mut`am said, ‘Muhammad, Describe Jerusalem to us.’ He answered him, ‘I arrived there by night and left by night.’ Then Jibril, peace be upon him, came to him and showed him the vision of the city. He remarked, ‘The gate of the city that I came through was in the following fashion and the location was in the following location…’ then he described the matter. Abu Bakr, who was present at the time for the exchange said, ‘You have spoken the truth. You have spoken the truth.’

Nab`ah then said, ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, saying that day: Abu Bakr, Indeed Allah, Mighty and Majestic, has named you As-Siddiq.’

The people in the gathering then said, ‘Mut`am, Let us ask him something regarding the city that we would know about Jerusalem. Muhammad, tell us something about our caravan of camels that came back from there recently.’ He replied, “I came to one of the camels of a specific tribe at ar-Ruha’ and one of them had strayed and they set out looking for it. I came to their area while everyone was gone and there was a drinking cup that had water in it and I drank from it.”

The people went and asked about an empty cup that they found after the lost camel was found and this was confirmed. They said, ‘This is a sign.’ He carried on, “Then I went to the caravan of a specific tribe and the camel of that caravan went away from me and there was a red camel with distinctive spots of white and I did not know whether the camel had departed from the caravan or not. Now go ask them about the situation.”

So the people went and asked them and they said, ‘By the One Lord, this is a sign.’ He then said, “Then I went to a specific tribe at at-Tan`im and thay had a grey camel and it raced ahead away from the group at ath-Thaniyyah.” At hearing this Al-Walid ibn al-Mughirah said, ‘This man is a magician.’ The people went and looked and found exactly as they had been told. They then thought that Al-Walid had told the truth and that it indeed was magic. They said, ‘Al-Walid ibn al-Mughirah has told the truth and this is indeed magic.’

Allah, Mighty and Majestic, sent down the following,

We did not make the vision which We revealed to you except as a tribulation for the people and the cursed tree as mentioned in the Qur’an.[2]

I then said, ‘Umm Hani’, ‘What is the cursed tree that was mentioned in the Qur’an?’ She remarked to me, ‘Those who were not given the ability to fear, then they will not have anything of fear except for great wrong doing indeed.’ ”

Hadith #53: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Abul Qasim at-Tamimi the teacher according to the recitation I made to him at Isfahan. I said to him: It was narrated to you by Abul Khair Muhammad ibn Raja’ ibn Ibrahim ibn `Umar ibn al-Hasan ibn Yunus according to what was recited to him and you hear in the gathering: It was narrated to us by Abul Hussain Ahmad ibn `Abdur-Rahman ibn Muhammad adh-Dhakwani who said:

It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Musa ibn Mardawaih who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Malik who said: It was narrated to us by Al-Ahwas Muhammad ibn al-Haitham who said: Ibn Mardawaih said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Ishaq ibn Ibrahim who said: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn al-Haitham, both of whom said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Kathir as-San`ani who said: it was narrated to us by Ma`mar ibn Rashid from Az-Zuhri from `Urwah from `A’ishah who said:

The Prophet was taken on the Nighty Journey to Al-Masjid al-Aqsa and when he came back and mentioned this to the people, some of the those who had believed in him apostated due to that and they were put to trial on account of what was mentioned. The men from the idol worshippers made their way in haste to the house of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq. They remarked, “You know that your friend claims that he was taken last night to Jerusalem.” Abu Bakr asked, “He definitely said that?” They answered, “He most assuredly did say that.”

He then answered them, “If he did indeed say that then he has spoken the truth.” The people asked in surprise, “You believe that he went to Sham in one night and then returned before the Fajr prayer came?” Abu Bakr said, “I testify and believe him in something that is greater than that. I believe that he receives news from the sky in the morning and the evening.” So because of Abu Bakr was referred to as As-Siddiq.

Hadith #54: It was narrated to you by Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Nasr as-Saidalani at Isfahan that Fatimah bint `Abdullah al-Jawzdaniyyah narrated to them according to what he had read back in dictation: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn `Abdullah ibn Raidhah who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn Ahmad at-Tabarani who said: It was narrated to us by `Amr ibn Ishaq ibn Ibrahim ibn Zabriq al-Humsi who said: It was narrated to us by our father who said: It was narrated to us by At-Tabarani who said: It was narrated to us by `Ammarah ibn Wathimah al-Masri who said: It was narrated to us by Ishaq ibn Ibrahim ibn Zabriq who said: It was narrated to us by `Amr ibn al-Harith who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Salim from Az-Zubairi who said: It was narrated to us by Al-Walid ibn `Abdur-Rahman that Jabir ibn Nufair said: It was narrated to us by Shaddad ibn Aws who said:

I said one day, “Messenger of Allah, How were you taken on the Nighty Journey?” He said, “I prayed at night along with my Companions in Makkah and then not long after Jibril, peace be upon him, came to me with a beast that was white in colour, larger than a donkey but smaller than a mule. So he said to me, ‘Ride this.’ So I saddled it and with its’ permission carried on and it carried me on its’ back and it had incredible reach where if it looked in a direction wherever its’ hoof stretched it would go there in an eye blink.

So it carried on with its’ journey until it reached a land that had date palms. Jibril said, ‘Disembark here.’ Then he said for me to pray and I did so and then mounted the beast again. He asked me, ‘Did you know where you just prayed?’ When I replied that Allah knew best he said, ‘You have prayed in Yathrib, also known as Taibah.’ It carried me on its’ back and it had incredible reach where if it looked in a direction wherever its’ hoof stretched it would go there in an eye blink.

This happened until I came to a land where the ground was white. ” Jibril said, ‘Disembark here.’ Then he said for me to pray and I did so and then mounted the beast again. He asked me, ‘Did you know where you just prayed?’ When I replied that Allah knew best he said, ‘You have prayed in Madyan at the site of the burning bush where Musa had stood.’ Then I mounted the creature and we carried on. It carried me on its’ back and it had incredible reach where if it looked in a direction wherever its’ hoof stretched it would go there in an eye blink.

This happened until I came to a land where the houses looked like castles to us. Jibril said, ‘Disembark here.’ Then he said for me to pray and I did so and then mounted the beast again. He asked me, ‘Did you know where you just prayed?’ When I replied that Allah knew best he said, ‘You prayed at Bethlehem, the birthplace of `Isa, peace be upon him, the Messiah, son of Maryam.’

So we carried on until I came to the city and I entred from its’ right facing gate and was facing the Masjid. I tethered the beast and entered the Masjid from the gate that would face the sun in the daytime. I prayed in the Masjid however long Allah willed me to do so. Then I felt thirst the like of which I had never felt before in my life. I was brought two drinking vessels, one filled with milk and the other honour that were both sent to me. I had to choose between them and Allah, Mighty and Majestic, guided me to chose the milk and I drank it until I had finished. There was no one present except myself and another man, an old man leaning on a stick. He said, ‘Yes, your companion has chosen the natural disposition and has been guided.’Then we set off until we came to the valley which was in the city. This was called the Valley of Gehenna.

We then carried on and passed by a caravan of the Quraish at a particular place and one of the camels had become lost. There was a group of people present and I greeted them. One of them remarked, ‘This sounds like the voice of Muhammad.’ I then came back to my Companions before the coming of the Fajr prayer and Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, came to me.

He said, ‘Messenger of Allah, Where were you tonighty as I did not find you in the normal place?’ I asked that did he know that I went to the Masjid in Jerusalem tonight and he said, ‘Messenger of Allah, That is one month’s journey. Please explain what happened.’ So when this was asked, I had opened to me the mirror of seeing the place and anyting they asked me about I answered as it was as if it was a mirror I was looking at it during the time.

Abu Bakr said, ‘I bear witness that you are the Messenger of Allah.’ The idol worhippers said, ‘Look at Ibn Abi Kabshah claiming that he has been to Jerusalem!’ So I said, ‘Indeed I will tell you the sign. When I was on the Night Journey, I passed by a camel in a particular place and it was grey with a black blaze bearing two black sacks.’ Once this was said the people waited and looked and at midday there was a caravan that came in matching the description and it was the very camel that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, had described.”

Hadith #55:  It was narrated to us by abu Tahir al-Mubarak ibn Abil Mu`ali at Baghdad that Hibatullah ibn Muhammad ibn `Abdul Wahid informed them by way of recitation: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Ja`far who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Ahmad who said: it was narrated to us by my father who said: It was narrated to us by Bakr ibn `Isa Abu Bishr ar-Rasibi who said: I heard Abu `Awanah say: It was narrated to us by `Umar ibn Salamah  from his father from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“On the Nighty Journey my feet were placed in the spot where the prophets had walked at Jerusalem. So then after that I was approached by `Isa ibn Maryam, peace be upon him. When I saw him, I noticed that the one that he resembled most among the people was `Urwah ibn Mas`ud. Then Musa, peace be upon him, was brought to me. Among the people, the one who he resembled most was of the tribesman of Shanu’ah. Then Ibrahim, peace be upon him, was brought to me and the one who he resembled most among the people was your companion that is speaking right now.”

The is collected by the Imam, Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnad.

The Chapter on the Place where the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, Prayed while in Jerusalem

Hadith #56: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Muhamamd ibn Abul Qasim ibn Abu Shakar at-Tamimi at Isfahan that Abul Khair Muhammad ibn Raja’ ibn Ibrahim ibn `Umar ibn al-Hasan ibn Yunus who informed them by way of recitation to them: It was narrated to us by Abul Hussain Ahmad ibn `Abdur-Rahman ibn Muhammad adh-Dhakwani who said:

It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Musa ibn Mardawaih the Memoriser who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad bin Ahmad ibn Ibrahim who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn `Amr who said: It was narrated to su by Al-Hasan ibn Sahl who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Usamah from `Isa ibn Sinan ash-Shami from Al-Mughirah from his father who said:

I prayed with `Umar in the place that was called: The Church of Maryam at the Valley of Gehenna. Then we came to the Masjid and `Umar mentioned that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“On the Night Journey, I prayed at the foot of the Masjid and went from the place where the foundation stone was set to Jerusalem. As I stood there was an angel bearing three vessels for drinking. He said, Muhammad, Look at these and drink. So I took a small sip of the honey that was present.

Then I saw the other and I drank from it until I was satisfied and this was milk. Then I was then offered the other one but refused and it was wine. The angel said: If you had drank from this one, your Ummah would not have gathered on the natural disposition. Then he took me and I ascended past the sky and the prayer was made compulsory for me. Then I returned to Khadijah and nothing had changed from the time that I had left her.”

Hadith #57: It was narrated to us by al-Mubarak ibn Abul Ma`ali al-Harimi at Baghdad that Hibatullah ibn Muhammad informed them by way of recitation: It was narrated to us by Al-Hasan ibn `Ali who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Ja`far who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Ahmad who said: It was narrated to me by my father who said: It was narrated to me by Aswad ibn `Amir who said: It was narrated to me by Hammad ibn Salamah from Abu Sinan from `Ubaid ibn Adam and Abu Maryam and Abu Shu`aib that `Umar ibn al-Khattab was wearing a tattered robe at the time of the conquest of Jerusalem.

Abu Salamah said: It was narrated to me by Abu Sinan from `Ubaid ibn Ahmad who said: I heard `Umar ibn al-Khattab saying to Ka`b, “Do you not see where I have prayed?” Ka`b remarked, “If you ask me, I remember that you prayed behind the foundation stone as all of Jerusalem is in front of you.” `Umar then said, “No, these are thoughts coming from Judaism. Rather I prayed when I saw the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, facing towards the Qiblah and he prayed in this fashion.”

This hadith was collected by the Imam, Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnad.

The Chapter on the Virtues of Putting on Ihram from Jerusalem

Hadith #58: It was narrated to us by Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Nasr as-Saidalani at Isfahan that Fatimah bint `Abdullah al-Jawzdaniyyah dictated to them: I twas narrated to us by Muhammad ibn `Abdullah ibn Raidhah who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn Ahmad at-Tabarani who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr ibn Sadaqah who sadi: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn Al-Qut`ii who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdul A`la from Muhammad ibn Ishaq who said: It was narrated to me by Sulaiman ibn Suhaim from Yahya ibn Abi Sufyan from Umm Hakim bint Abi Umayyah from Umm Salamah who narrated that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Whoever made Ihram for an `Umrah from Jerusalem, his sins are forgiven.”

This is collected by the Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal by way of the transmission from Ya`qub from his father from Muhammad ibn Ishaq by way of his transmission and there is an addition at the end of it that reads:

“Umm Hakim was determined to carry out that hadith until finally she was able to get to Jerusalem, put on the Ihram and start her `Umrah from that point.”

Hadith #59: It was narrated to us by Zahir ibn Ahmad ibn Mahmud ath-Thaqafi that Al-Hussain bin `Abdul Malik ibn al-Hussain narrated to them by way of reading out: It was narrated to us by Ibrahim ibn Mansur who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ibrahim who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Ya`la al-Muwsali who said: It was narrated to us by Harun al-Hammal who said: It was narrated to us by Ibn Abi Fudaik who said: It was narrated to me by `Abdullah ibn Abdur-Rahman ibn Yuhannas who said: It was narrated to us by Yahya ibn Abi Sufyan ibn Sa`id al-Akhnasi from his grandmother Hakimah from Umm Salamah who mentioned that she heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, saying,

“Whoever puts on the Ihram for Hajj or `Umrah starting from Al-Masjid ul-Aqsa and ends up at Al-Masjid ul-Haram, then all of his sins from before and after are forgiven for him and the Paradise is given to him.”

However `Abdullah doubts which of the narrations was definitely stated.

This is collected by Abu Dawud from Ahmad ibn Salih from Ibn Ibi Fudaik in the same chain.

The Chapter of Making Special Mention of the Companions who Made Ihram from Jerusalem

Hadith #60: It was narrated to us by Abun-Najjah Isma`il ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hussain al-Hanafi according to what I read to him at Baghdad. I said the following: It was narrated to you by Abus-Sa`ud al-Mubarak ibn Khairun ibn `Abdul Malik ibn Khairun according to what was read to him: It was narrated to us by Abul Fadl Ahmad ibn Khairun who said:

It was narrated to us by Abu `Ali al-Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn Shadhan who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Muhammad Da`laj ibn Ahmad ibn Da`laj who said: It was narrated to us by Abu `Abdullah Muhammad ibn `Ali ibn Zaid as-Saa’igh al-Makki who said: It was narrated to us by Sa`id ibn Mansur who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Ma`shar from Nafi` from Ibn `Umar who mentioned that he made Irham from Jerusalem in the year of the two judgements.

Hadith #61: It was narrated to us by my brother, the Imam Abul `Abbas Ahmad ibn `Abdul Wahid ibn Ahmad according to what I read to him. I said to him: It was narrated to you by `Ubaidullah ibn `Abdullah ibn Shatil who said: It was narrated to us by Al-Hussain ibn `Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Al-Busri who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Yahya ibn ibn `Abdul Jabbar as-Sukri who said:

It was narrated to us by Isma`il ibn Muhammad as-Saffar who said: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Mansur ar-Ramadi who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdur-Razzaq who said: It was narrated to us by Ma`mar from Az-Zuhri from Salim from Ibn `Umar that he at one point put on the Ihram at Jerusalem and made intention for `Umrah.

Hadith #62: It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim Hibatullah ibn `Ali al-Busairi that Yahya ibn Al-Musharraf ibn `Ali ibn al-Khidr at-Timar narrated to them by way of what was read out to him: It was narrated to us by Ahmad ibn Sa`id ibn Ahmad al-Muqri’ that `Ali ibn al-Hussain bin Bandar ibn `Abdullah ibn Bandar – who was a Qadi – in Egypt who said: It was narrated to us that Al-Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn Ibrahim who said: It was narrated to us by Al-Asadi who said:

It was narrated to us by Al-Hussain – who is Ibn al-Hasan who said: It was narrated to us by Ibn al-Mubarak from Ma`mar from Az-Zuhri who said: Mahmud ibn Ar-Rabi` informed me and stated that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, used the water in the pail in their family house. He also said, “I heard `Utbah ibn Malik mention things as well.” Mahmud then said that he put on his Ihram at Jerusalem for the purpose of a hajj or `umrah.

The Chapter of Making Special Mention of the Companions who Lived in Jerusalem

Hadith #63: It was narrated to us by Hibatullah ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Muzaffar ibn as-Sabt at Baghdad that Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hussain ibn al-Farra’ informed them by way of what was read to him: It was narrated to us by `Abdul `Aziz ibn Ahmad ibn an-Nasibi by way of ijazah: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad – the Khatib – who said: It was narrated to us by `Isa ibn `Ubaidullah – the Scribe – who said: It was narrated to me by `Ali ibn Ja`far ar-Razi who said: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Salam who said: It was narrated to us by Musa ibn Sahl an-Naisaburi ar-Ramli who said: “I can name for you the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, that were in the land of Palestine from those who lived there, those who stayed behind and died there and those who did not die there.

Those that were in Jerusalem included `Ubadah ibn as-Samit, Shaddad ibn Aws, Abu Abi ibn Umm Hiram – whose name is actually Sham`un – the ally of Hadramaut, Abu Raihanah, Salamah ibn Qaisar, Fairuz ad-Dailami, Dhul Asabi`, Abu Muhammad an-Najjari. These are the people that died at Jerusalem and were buried in the city.

Those who left behind progeny that lived there were `Ubadah ibn as-Samit, Shaddad ibn Aws, Salamah ibn Qaisar and Fairuz ad-Dailami.  These people left behind children and their children lived their lives in Jerusalem and their graves remain there up until today.

Those who did not stay behind or leave children include Abu Raihanah, Dhul Asabi` and Abu Muhammad an-Najjari.

The Chapter on the Virtues of the Mu’adh-dhins of Jerusalem

Hadith #64: It was narrated to us by Abul Majd Zahir ibn Ahmad ibn Hamid ath-Thaqafi at Isfahan that Zahir ibn Tahir ash-Shahani narrated to them by way of what was recited to him: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Muqri’ at-Tabari  by way of dictation who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Tahir Muhammad ibn al-Fadl ibn Muhammad ibn Khuzaimah who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Hamid Ahmad ibn Hamdun ibn `Ammarah ibn Rustum – the Hadith Memoriser – who said:

It was narrated to us by Abu Ja`far Ahmad ibn Sa`id ad-Darimi and Hammad ibn Al-Hasan Abu `Ubaidullah – the Scribe – who both said: It was narrated to us by `Abdus-Samad ibn `Abdul Warith who sadi: It was narrated to us by `Abdullah ibn Dhakwan who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir from Jabir ibn `Abdullah who said:

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, was asked: “Which of the people will enter the Paradise first?” He replied,

“The Prophets, then after that the Martyrs. After that it will be the mu’adh-dhins of the Ka`bah, then the Mu’adh-dhins of Jerusalem and then the Mu’adh-dhins of this Masjid of mine. Then the rest of the mu’adh-dhins according to their deeds.”

The Chapter on the Hadith of Makhshin ibn Makhashin ibn Mu`awiyah an-Numairi

Hadith #65: It was narrated to us by Abul Fath `Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Abil Fath al-Hiraqi in his book that his father informed him by way of recitation to him: It was narrated to us by Abul Walid Al-Hasan ibn Muhammad al-Balkhi who said: it was narrated to us by Abul Hussain Ahmad ibn `Ali ibn Muhammad ad-Dulabi who said: It was narrated to us by the Qadi, Abu Muhammad `Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn `Abdul Ghaffar ibn Ahmad ibn Dhakwan who said:

It was narrated to us by Abu Ya`qub Ishaq ibn `Ammar ibn Jash ibn Muhammad ibn Jash ibn al-Masisi who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn Mahdi who said: It was narrated to me by As-Saq`ab ibn Zahir from `Amr ibn Shu`aib and he mentioned some of the information regarding the conquest of Sham. The following was said:

Abu `Ubaidah had then come out and was waiting for the people of Jerusalem to come out and they refused to so so. He implored them to come out until finally he went down to them and blockaded them and they were closed in on every side. They came out to him one day and they fought the Muslims for one hour. The Muslims came to them from all sides until their might was broken and they entered into their castles. During that time the one who was in charge of discharging battle plans and fighting them was Khalid bin al-Walid and Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan. Both of them were on one side of the battleground and there were also men among the Musims from the Banu Numair like Makhshin ibn Makhashin ibn Mu`awiyah. He was very brave and the people saw him as upright and pious. His companions lost sight of him for some days and they were asking about him but they received no news back regarding him. Not long after they began to think that maybe some foul play had come to pass and that he had been killed.

They were sitting in a gathering when all of a sudden he came to them and he was bearing two leaves and the people had never seen anything like them. He was sought out greatly and what he had was longed for by the people. There was no better wait than awaiting him and no better smell than his own smell. His companions said to him, “Where were you?”

He said, “I had fallen into a ditch and was struggling to dig my way out until I came to a beautiful garden that had everything in it. My eyes had never seen the like of what was in the place before. I did not think that Allah had created the likeness of what I saw in this life. So I stayed a number of days in a state of felicity that had no likeness, in a state of repose with no likeness, in a wind that had no likeness and was pure.

So then when someone came to me, it was after some time and he took me by the hand and walked me out from that place and lead me back to you. I have taken these leaves from a tree that I had been sitting under and they have stayed in my hands every since I took them.”

The people came forward, took the leaves from his hand and smelled them. They found a fragrance the like of which they had never known. He said, “The people of Sham say that this was taken from the Paradise and that these two leaves are from it.” The people responded, “The Khulafa’ after that time took these leaves and kept them high in a cupboard for safe keeping and later generations.”

The name of the man narrating the hadith has been stated as being Sharik ibn Khabashah an-Numair. So Allah knows best.

Hadith #66: It was narrated to us by Abul Qasim Sa`id ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn `Attaf al-Hamdani by my recitation to him at Baghdad. I said to him: It was narrated to you by Abul Hussain Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hussain ibn Muhammad ibn al-Farra’ by way of ijazah that Abu Muhammad `Abdul `Aizz ibn Ahmad ibn `Umar an-Nasibi al-Maqdisi informed them by permission:

It was narrated to us by Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Wasiti al-Maqdisi – the Khatib – in his house at Jerusalem: It was narrated to us by `Umar – he is Ibn al-Fadl ibn Al-Muhajir  ar-Rub`ii who said: It was narrated to us by my father who said: It was narrated to us by al-Walid – who has the name Ibn Hammad – who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn an-Nu`man who said: It was narrated to us by Sulaiman ibn `Abdur-Rahman who said: It was narrated to us by Walid ibn Muslim who said: It was narrated to us by my father Abu Bakr ibn Abi Maryam who said: It was narrated to me by `Atiyyah ibn Qais who said:

Sharik ibn Khabashah an-Numairi came to a ditch in Jerusalem and sought water for his companions. When he took a pail and brought it down into it to take the water a man came and said, “Come with me.” He then took him by the hand down into the ditch and they entered the Paradise and Sharik took some leaves from it and returned to the place he was originally and came back to his people that were waiting and informed them of what had happened. News of this reached `Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, and Ka`b said, “There is a man from this Ummah who will enter the Paradise while he is still alive among you.” So he said, “Look at these leaves. If they should wilt and change colour, they are not from the leaves of the Paradise. If they shold stay as they are and not change colour or wilt, then they are indeed from the leaves of the Paradise.” `

Atiyyah then said, “ Those leaves never did wilt or change colour.”

Al-Walid then remarked, “It was narrated to me by Abun-Najm, who was the Imam and Mu’adh-dhin of the people of Salamiyyah in Hamah from 400-450 after Hijrah the following:

I, Abun-Najm, had it narrated to me from many of the people of Salamiyyah from the tribes of the Arabs that knew Sharik ibn Khamashah and lived at Salamiyyah and we came to him and asked him about his situation. He informed us of the situation that he had entered the Paradise and that he had seen what was in it and then took some leaves from one of the trees and returned. He always kept one leaf with him and the people would say, ‘We used to ask him to show them to us and he could call for a mushaf and take them out and show them to us  and you could see them between the pages of the mushaf and these leaves were green and fresh. He used to taken them, kiss them and then place them on his eyes. After that he would then place them between the pages of his mushaf and he left as a will and testament that they should put on his chest after his burial shroud was wrapped around him. This would be the last time we would see him and he placed them on his chest, after he died they were placed on his burial shroud.’ ”

 

END OF THE TEXT

[1] Surah Maryam (19), ayah 57

[2] Surat ul-Isra’ (17), ayah 60

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