28 MUHARRAM 1441: FINAL PASSAGES FROM IMAM IBN RAJAB AL-HANBALI ON THE MONTH OF AL-MUHARRAM

Imam Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali (d. 795 AH), may Allah be pleased with him, declared about the first month, Muharram in the final pages of the subject:

One of the pious people saw in his dream someone saying to him, “We have been commanded to prepare for the final completion of the building process of your house  and its name is Abode of Joy. So take glad tidings in this matter. We have been commanded to renovate it, beautify it and stop when we have reached seven days.” The man died after seven days.

He was seen in a dream by someone else and when asked, the pious man said, “I was given admittance into the Abode of Joy and do not ask me about what is in it. I have not seen the like of what the Most Generous has given the one that is obedient.”

One of them saw in a dream as if he had been given admittance into the Paradise and having its locations and things brought to him, his wives and the like. So when he wanted to leave from it, his wives clung to him. They said, “By Allah, the goodness of your deeds! Whenever you do a good deed, it increases us and we are the result of the good deed.”

Those who do good deeds today send forward the principal of their good deeds in which the souls delight in, what the eyes enjoy until the time of increase in the market of the Paradise. So when the time has come, the people enter the market of the Paradise and take from it what they will without any decrease of what they put forward before of the principal wealth.

This wealth that they are taking is without weight or measure. Whoever wants to send forward some good deeds for that time should hasten to take the principalof the wealth. If he delays in sending forth the good deeds then the transaction will be nullified.

That market which belongs to Allah is the promise of the time of increase and will be completed out of love. If you were from them whatever you could take that you willed you are allowed to take hold of without any decrease.

The merchants send forward their transactions and so this transaction still counts. There is also the hadith of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him,

“Indeed the Paradise shall say, ‘Lord, prepare my people and that which You have promised me. Many indeed are my silken linens, clothing, jewelry, silver, gold, drinking utensils, wine, honey and milk. Bring me my people and that which You promised me.’

There is another hadith in which the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “Whoever asked Allah for the Paradise, then it shall intercede for him to its Lord by saying, ‘Allah, admit him to the Paradise.’ “

In addition to this, consider the hadith of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, “Indeed the Paradise is opened every morning and it is said, ‘Increase in wholesomeness and beauty for your people.’ So it increases in that and it is for this reason that the people find it cold in the early portion of the morning.”

The hearts of the Knowers of Allah sometimes take in the scent of the Paradise. Anas ibn An-Nadr said on the day of the Battle of Uhud, “Oh! The sent of the Paradise! By Allah! Indeed I find the scent of the Paradise ahead of Uhud.” He then marched forward and fought until he was killed.

Yes! Just look at the judgement and subtlety in Allah having sent Adam down to the Earth. Had it not been for his coming down here, then the combat of the warriors and the striving of the worshippers would not have happened.

If Adam had not come down here, there would have not been the ascension of the souls of the repentant ones. If Adam had not come down here, the large tears of the sinful ones would have never fallen.

Adam! If you had been taken down from the Paradise, then remember,

Indeed I am Near. I answer the supplication of the one who calls on Me.[1]

If you were expelled from the Paradise on that account, then it is better than their hearts never having been tested on account of Allah. The sinners that have to repent are more beloved to us than those who glorify Allah never being tested.

It may be that those who glorify Him would fall into arrogance while those who are sinful become broken and have to repent. And you have to understand the hadith of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him,

“If you did not sin, Allah would have taken you away and brought a people that would sin, then seek His Forgiveness so that He could forgive them.”

Glorified is He who when he shows goodness to His Slave in trials while turning him over to them. And when a slave is left in a lurch, no one can benefit him, no matter how hard he may strive and he cannot return to the truth until He allows it.

Adam was given the advice when the proof was established against him and He taught him words that would bring his repentance to acceptance:

So Adam was imparted words by his Lord in order to repent. So He turned to Adam and indeed He is the One who accepts repentance, the Compassionate. [2]

So Iblis rebelled after a long time of service to Him and by his deeds he became cursed and expelled:

You are expelled! Indeed you are outcast and you shall have the curse until the Day of Resurrection.[3]

So when He has placed His Judgement of Justice upon a slave, there remains no goodness for him. When He has spread His Favour upon a slave, there remains no sin that can separate him from his Lord.

He gives and hinders who he so wills just as He wills,

His Judgement is not delayed nor His Might and Will.

When the favour of Adam was manifested over the creations with knowledge and the knowledge was not completed without action according to  His Judgement. The Paradise is not an abode for action and striving.

This is only an abode of felicity and direct witnessing of Allah. It will be said to him, “Adam, go down to the place of combat and exercising patience against the armies of lower desires with serious intent and striving. Wipe the tears away as you shall never be sad again once you finish from there and return to felicity.”

Source: Lata’if ul-Ma`arif Fima Li-Mawasim il-`Ami Min Al-Waza’if, pp. 65-66

[1] Surat ul-Baqarah (2), ayah 186

[2] Surat ul-Baqarah (2), ayah 37

[3] Surah Sad (38), ayah 77

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