CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF BOOKS OF AHKAM WRITTEN

الأحكام الشرعية الكبرى

  1. Al-Ahkam ush-Shar`iyyat ul-Kubra

by Al-Hafiz Abu Muhammad `Abdul Haqq Al-Ishbili (d. 581 AH)

الأحكام الشرعية الصغرى

  1. Al-Ahkam ush-Shar`iyyat us-Sughra

by Al-Hafiz Abu Muhammad `Abdul Haqq Al-Ishbili (d. 581 AH)

الأحكام الشرعية الوسطى

  1. Al-Ahkam ush-Shar`iyyat ul-Wusta

by Al-Hafiz Abu Muhammad `Abdul Haqq Al-Ishbili (d. 581 AH)

عمدة الأحكام الكبرى

  1. `Umdat ul-Ahkam ul-Kubra

by Al-Hafiz `Abdul Ghani ibn `Abdul Wahid Al-Maqdisi (d. 600 AH)

السنن والأحكام عن المصطفى عليه أفضل الصلاة والسلام

  1. As-Sunan wal-Ahkam `un il-Mustafa Alaihi Afdal us-Salati was-Salam

by Imam Diya’ ud-Din Al-Maqdisi (d. 643 AH)

المنتقى في الأحكام الشرعية من كلام خير البرية

  1. Al-Muntaqa fil-Ahkam ish-Shar`iyyah min Kalami Khair il-Bariyyah

by Imam Majd ud-Din Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 653 AH)

الإمام في بيان أدلة الأحكام

  1. Al-Imam fi Bayani Adillat il-Ahkam

by Al-`Izz ibn `Abdus-Salam (d. 660 AH)

غاية الإحكام في أحاديث الأحكام

  1. Ghayat ul-Ihkam fi Ahadith il-Ahkam

by Imam Muhibb ud-Din Abu Ja`far At-Tabari (d. 694 AH)

الإمام بأحاديث الأحكام متن 

  1. Al-Imam bi-Ahadith il-Ahkam

by Imam Ibn Daqiq Al-`Eid (d. 702 AH)

المحرر في أحاديث الأحكام الشرعية

  1. Al-Muharrar fil Ahadith il-Ahkam ish-Shar`iyyah

by Imam Shams ud-Din Ibn `Abdul Hadi Al-Maqdisi (d. 744 AH)

متن تقريب الأسانيد وترتيب المسانيد

  1. Taqrib ul-Asanid wa Tartib ul-Masanid

by Imam Zain ud-Din `Abdur-Rahim Al-`Iraqi (d. 806 AH)

بلوغ المرام عن أدلة الأحكام

12. Bulugh ul-Maram min Adillat il-Ahkam

by Imam Ibn Hajar Al-`Asqalani (d. 852 AH)

هداية الراغب وكفاية الطالب

13. Hidayat ur-Raghib wa Kifayat ut-Talib

by Imam `Abdullah Sufan Al-Qaddumi (d. 1331 AH)

FINAL ADDRESS OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD IN THE YEAR 10 AH

خطبة الرسول صلى الله عليه و سلم في حجة الوداع

Khutbah of the Messenger, صلى الله عليه و سلم, on the Farewell Hajj

 

الحمدُ لله نحمدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُه، ونَسْتَغْفِرُهُ، ونَتُوبُ إليه، ونَعُوذُ باللهِ مِنْ شُرورِ أنْفُسِنا ومِنْ سيّئآتِ أعْمَالِنَا مَن يَهْدِ اللهُ فَلا مُضِلَّ لَهُ،
ومَنْ يُضَلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ .

Praise be to Allah. We praise Him, seek His Aid, Forgiveness and turn to Him in repentance. We seek refuge in Allah from evil of our own selves and from the evil of our actions. Whoever guides then there is no one that can lead him astray. Whoever He leads astray, then there is no guide for him.

وأشهد أن لا إله إلاّ الله وحْده لا شريك له، وأنّ محمداً عبدُه ورسولُه. أوصيكُم عبادَ الله بتقوى الله،وأحثّكم على طاعته!

I bear witness that there is no god but Allah. He is One and Unique without any partner for Him. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger. I advise you, Slaves of Allah, to have piety in Allah. I enjoin you to obedience to Him!

وأستفتح بالذي هو خير. أَمَّا بعد، أيّهَا النّاس،

I open and start with that which is best. People, I address you with the following:

اسْمَعُوا منّي أُبّينْ لَكُمْ، فَإنّيَ لاَ أَدْرِي، لعَليّ لاَ أَلْقَاكُمْ بَعْدَ عَامي هَذَا، في مَوْقِفي هذا، أَيُهَا النَّاس، إنّ دِمَاءَكُمْ وَأمْوَالَكُمْ وَأَعْرَاضَكُمْ عَليكُمْ حَرَامٌ إلى أنْ تَلْقَوْا رَبَّكُمْ، كَحُرمَةِ يَوْمِكُمْ هَذَا في شَهْرِ كُمْ هَذَا في بَلَدِكُم هَذَا

Listen well of what I say so that I might clarify matters for you. People, I do not know if I will be with you after this year on this side of life. Your blood, wealth, honour are sacred and should be preserved by yourselves until you meet your Lord. All of what was mentioned is sacred, just like this day of yours, in this month of yours in this land of yours.

وإنكم ستلقون ربكم فيسألكم عن أعمالكم وقد بلغت ، فَمَنْ كَانَتْ عِنْدَهُ أَمَانةٌ فليؤُدِّها إلى مَنْ ائْتمَنَهُ عَلَيها، وإن كل ربا موضوع ولكن لكم رءوس أموالكم لا تظلمون ولا تظلمون ، و قضى الله أنه لا ربا ، وإن ربا عمي العباس بن عبد المطلب موضوع كله

Indeed you will meet your Lord and He will ask you about your deeds. I have already conveyed the message, so whoever has a trust, let him discharge it to its rightful recipient. All riba is laid bare but you may have the principle of your wealth. Do not oppress and you will not be oppressed. Allah has declared that there be no riba and the riba of my uncle, Al-`Abbas ibn `Abdul Muttalib, is laid bare.

وأن كل دم كان في الجاهلية موضوع وإن أول دمائكم أضع دم عامر ابن ربيعة بن الحارث بن عبد المطلب ، فهو أول ما أبدأ به من دماء الجاهلية ، وإن مآثر الجاهلية موضوعة غير السدانة والسقاية والعمد قَوَدٌ ،

All blood feuds that were begun in the Age of Ignorance are laid bare. Indeed the first of your blood laid bare in that was `Amir ibn Rabi`ah ibn Al-Harith ibn `Abdul Muttalib. It is the first incident of what began of the blood feud of the Age of Ignorance. All traces of the Age of Ignorance are laid bare except giving food and drink to the pilgrims and execution for the offense of murder.

وشبه العمد ما قتل بالعصا والحجر وفيه مائة بعير فمن ازداد فهو من الجاهلية. أما بعد أيها الناس فإن الشيطان قد يئس من أن يعبد بأرضكم هذه أبدا ولكنه إن يطع فيما سوى ذلك فقد رضي به بما تحقرون من أعمالكم فاحذروه على دينكم أيها الناس

Wrongful death in the case of one killed by staff, stick and rock or boulder has the expiation of 100 camels. Whoever increases that amount, such is from the affairs of the Age of Ignorance. People, Shaitan has lost all hope of his being worshipped in this land of yours but he takes delight in the small things besides that that you commit. So beware and safeguard your Religion, people!

إِنَّمَا النَّسِيءُ زِيَادَةٌ فِي الْكُفْرِ يُضَلُّ بِهِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يُحِلُّونَهُ عَاماً وَيُحَرِّمُونَهُ عَاماً لِيُوَاطِئُوا عِدَّةَ مَا حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ فَيُحِلُّوا مَا حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ 
Intercalation in the calendar is only an addition of kufr. Those who are unbelievers lead astray people on account of it. They declare one year to be licit and then another to be sacred and forbidden for fighting. This is so that they might come towards that which Allah has forbidden and commit violation. 

إن الزمان قد استدار كهيئته يوم خلق الله السموات والأرض و

Indeed time has come back to its original form like the way Allah had created the skies and the Earth in the first place, as when He said,

 إِنَ عِدَّةَ الشهور عند اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْراً 
The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve in number.

منها أربعة حرم ثلاثة متوالية ورجب مضر ، الذي بين جمادى وشعبان. أما بعد أيها الناس ، إن لِنسَائِكُمْ عَلَيْكُمْ حقاً،

There are four months that are holy, three of them are consecutive: Rajab of Mudar – which comes between Jumada and Sha`ban. People, as for the next matter, your women have right over you.

ولَكُمْ عَلَيْهِنّ حقّ، لَكُمْ عَليِنّ ألا يُوطْئنَ فُرُشَكُمْ غيرَكم وَلا يُدْخِلْنَ أحَداً تكرَهُونَهُ بيوتَكُمْ، ولا يأتينَ بِفَاحِشَة

And you likewise have right over the women. You have as right over them that they take no man into the marital chamber besides you. Nor should they allow anyone to enter your homes that you dislike. None of them should commit perversion while under your care.

فإن فعلن فإن الله قد أذن لكم أن تهجروهن في المضاجع وتضربوهن ضربا غير مبرح فإن انتهين فلهن رزقهن وكسوتهن
بالمعروف واستوصوا بالنساء خيرا ،

If they should do so, then indeed you have permission to abandon them in the marital bed and to discipline them but without leaving a mark. If they should abstain, then they have a right to their sustenance and clothing with righteousness. Show righteousness to the women and heed.

فإنهن عندكم عوان لا يملكن لأنفسهن شيئا ، وإنكم إنما أخذتموهن بأمانة الله واستحللتم فروجهن بكلمات الله فاعقلوا أيها الناس قولي ،

These women in your presence as wives are helpmates and advisors and they do not have any dominion over themselves. You indeed only take these women as wives but they area trust that Allah has allowed you so that you might also have sex with them by the Word of Allah. People, understand my words very well.

أَيهَا النّاسُ، إنّما المُؤمِنُونَ إخْوةٌ ، فَلاَ يَحِلُّ لامْرِىءٍ مَالُ أَخيهِ إلاّ عَنْ طيبِ نفْسٍ منهُ، أَلاَ هَلْ بلّغْتُ، اللّهُم اشْهَدْ، فلا تَرْجِعُنّ بَعْدِي كُفاراً يَضرِبُ بَعْضُكُمْ رقابَ بَعْض فَإنّي قَدْ تَركْتُ فِيكُمْ مَا إنْ أخَذتمْ بِهِ لَمْ تَضِلُّوا بَعْدَهُ، كِتَابَ اللهِ وَ سُنَّة نَبيّه،

People, only the believers are brothers. One brother is not permitted the wealth of his brother except from a sound transaction or an allowance. Have I not conveyed the message? Allah! Bear witness. Do not become ungrateful after me, striking the necks of one another in combat. I have left among you something that if you take hold of it you will never go astray after me: Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Prophet.

أَلاَ هَلْ بلّغتُ، اللّهمّ اشْهَدْ. أيها النّاسُ إن رَبَّكُمْ وَاحِدٌ، وإنّ أَبَاكُمْ واحِدٌ ، كُلكُّمْ لآدمَ وآدمُ من تُراب، إن أَكرمُكُمْ عندَ اللهِ أتْقَاكُمْ وليس لعربيّ فَضْلٌ على عجميّ إلاّ بالتّقْوىَ، أَلاَ هَلْ بلَّغْتُ، اللّهُمّ اشهد”

Have I not conveyed the message? Allah! Bear witness. People, your Lord is One, your father and Ummah is One. All of you are linked to Adam and Adam is from the dust. The most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most pious. An Arab does not have a virtue over a non-Arab except in the case of piety. Have I not conveyed the message? Allah! Bear witness.

قَالُوا: نَعَمْ

The people said, “Yes, you have conveyed the message.”

قَال: فلْيُبَلِّغِ الشاهدُ الغائبَ والسلامُ عليكم ورحمة الله!

So as the message has been conveyed, let the one present here today convey it to the one that is not here. Peace be upon you and the Mercy of Allah.

Source: As-Sirat un-Nabawiyyah, vol.4, pp.185-187

note: There are a few narrations of this particular Khutbah in the sirah. Different Companions arrived at the beginning, middle and end and some were there for the entirety of the Khutbah so all the variations are sound.

IBN KHUZAIMAH AND HIS THEOLOGY

A believer asked me the following question and I wanted to share the answer with everyone:

The historian and scholar of the same madhhab, Adh-Dhahabi (d. 748 (AD 1348), may Allah be pleased with him, said of Ibn Khuzaimah:

Al-Hakim said, “I heard Muhammad ibn Salih ibn Hani’ saying: ‘Whoever did not affirm that Allah is on his Throne, that He had made istiwa above the seven skies, then he is an unbeliever in which his blood is permitted to be spilled and his wealth may be given to the treasury when seized.’ “

I would say that whoever affirmed the above statement about Allah based upon the Book of Allah, the Ahadith of the Messenger of Allah – peace and blessings of Allah be upon him – believed in it and attributed the knowledge of it to Allah and His Messenger, while neither disputing in its meaning nor sense, then this is a Muslim following the truth. Whoever denied the point above while not knowing that it is established in the Book and the Sunnah, then this one has fallen short and Allah shall certainly pardon such a one.

It is not necessary for the Muslim to memorise what is narrated in that affair. Whoever should deny the above principle after knowledge, then they are travelling other than the way of the First Three Generations, they have done contrary to the text with the intellect. Such a one’s affair rests with Allah. And we seek refuge in Allah from astrayness and base desires. This statement of Ibn Khuzaimah, if soundly attributed to him, is indeed far fetched. And based on this, the wording of his is not carried by many of the scholars of the latter ages. cf. Adh-Dhahabi’s Siyar A`lam un-Nubala’ vol.14, pp. 373-374.

Adh-Dhahabi stated further:

His book entitled At-Tawhid is a large volume in which he interprets in that work the hadith of the Surah. So let the one who can pardon the one who interpreted some of the Attributes. As for the First Three Generations, They do not debate in the meaning or interpretation. Instead they believe, abstain and then attribute knowledge of all of that to Allah and His Messenger.

And if every one that erred in his ijtihad – while his iman was valid and he was in majority following the truth – we threw him away and abandoned him, there would have indeed been a paucity of Imams safe from that with us. And may Allah have mercy upon all with His Favour and Honour. cf. Adh-Dhahabi’s Siyar A`lam un-Nubala,’, vol.14, pp. 375-376

Imam Ibn Khuzaimah, while known in hadith is not listed in this affair among the Imams of the first three generations, thereafter and nor is his book depended upon for us.

I hope that this answered your question.

was-Salaam,

Al-Hajj Abu Ja`far Al-Hanbali