SUFI BROTHERHOODS, TARIQAHS, LODGES AND TASAWWUF pt.2

This strange and grotesque form of religion is increasingly being marketed to Islam as some sort of valid expression of Islam and Tasawwuf.

The following query was sent to a marja`:

ما رأيكم يا مولانا في الطرق بفروعها في مصر مثل العشيرة المحمدية والجعفرية والنقشبندية الكردية والجودية والخلوتية والبرهانية والأحمدية وغيرها هل تزكي السلوك على إحداها ومتى يكون ذلك؟؟ أثنا الطلب أم بعده أرجو الإفادة.

Our teacher, what is your statement regarding the Sufi Tariqahs and their branches in Egypt, such as Al-`Ishirah Al-Muhammadiyyah, Al-Ja`fariyyah, An-Naqshabandiyyah Al-Kurdiyyah, Al-Judiyyah, Al-Khalwatiyyah, Al-Burhaniyyah, Al-Ahmadiyyah and others besides that? Is the way of suluk mandated upon one of them and when was that inaugurated? Does one seek out one of these at the beginning of the studies or afterward? I am just trying to get some benefit in this regard.

Imam Muhammad As-Sayyid[1] said the following:

تصوف سيد الطائفة الجنيد وتصوف سيدي عبد القادر الجيلاني ومن سار على دربهنا هذا هو الممدوح وهو سنة الحبيب صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم وقد قال الشيخ زروق انقطعت التربية  بالإصطلاح ولم يبق إلا الإفادة، بالهمة والحال

The Tasawwuf upon the way of the master of the way, As-Sayyid Al-Junaid Al-Baghdadi[2] and the Sayyid, `Abdul Qadir Al-Jilani[3] and whoever travelled the way of these two is indeed praiseworthy and the Sunnah of the Beloved One, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family and followers. The Shaikh, Ahmad Zarruq mentioned that these ways of tarbiyyah were ceased by self-rectification and nothing remains but aspiration and the states of the heart.[4]

فعليكم بالكتاب والسنة دون زيادة ونقصان، أما الآن فكثير من الطرق إما دجاجلة وإما جهال لا يعرفون ما السنة وإن كان أهل الله لا يخلو منهم زمان فإن وجت واحدًا من أولئك فالزمه حتى يفتح عليك وإلا فأكثر من الصلاة على سيد الخلق صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم

You are thus to hold to the Book and the Sunnah without addition or subtraction. As for this era, many of these tariqahs are dajjals, ignorant without knowing what the Sunnah is. And the People of Allah are present and no age is absent of them. And if you find one of these, then cling to him until the benefit results. And if you do not find one of them in your area, then send abundant peace and blessings upon the Master of the Creation, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family and followers.

Fatwa taken: 20 Dhul Hijjah 1443


[1] He is the Imam of the Hanbalis at Al-Azhar

[2] 221-298 (AD835-910). He is Abul-Qasim Al-Junaid ibn Muhammad Al-Khazzaz Al-Qawariri. Hailing from Nahawand in today’s Kurdistan, this Baghdad born luminary was a scholar of high regard and one of the key scholars of Iraq, preacher of salvation and missionary. He was known to have passed the ruling in favour of the death penalty being exercised against Mansur Al-Hallaj (d.309 (AD922), who called himself ‘The Truth’, a title with which Allah describes Himself in His Word. Please see Az-Zirkili’s Al-A`lam, vol.2, pp.119-121; vol.2, pp.258-260.

[3] 470-561 (AD1078-1166). He is Abu Muhammad Muhy ud-Din `Abdul Qadir ibn Abi Musa ibn `Abdullah Al-Jilani Al-Baghdadi. Direct descendant of the Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, on both his father and his mother’s side, he was one of the premier scholars of his time and one of the greatest saints the Muslim world ever produced. Although an accomplished marja`, his greatest written legacy was ihsan and theology. Please see Ibn Rajab’s Adh-Dhail, vol.3, pp.244-253

[4] And this runs in line with what was said by the late Imam, `Abdul Qadir Ibn Badran (d.1346), may Allah have mercy upon him, in showing that these are little more than places for freemasons, sexual deviants, perverts, cultists, effeminate thrill seekers and men that would nullify the very doctrines of our theology and jihad. And these movement have been swept away in every era by the renewers, quality checkers and researchers. And now we ask again that they swept away again by those same people and if not, then by the Mahdi to come in the same capacity as we done by the first Mahdi, peace be upon all of them.

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