A Jewel of Sham

He is Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn `Abdur-Rahman ibn Yusuf ibn `Isa ibn Taqi ud-Din `Abdul Wahid ibn `Abdur-Rahim ibn Muhammad ibn `Abdul Mujir ibn Ash-Shaikh Taqi ud-Din ibn `Abdus-Salam ibn Ibrahim ibn Abi Fayyad ibn `Ali ibn `Alil ibn Muhammad ibn Yusuf ibn Ya`qub ibn `Abdur-Rahman ibn Abu Hafs `Umar ibn Al-Khattab Al-`Adawi Al-Qurshi Al-`Umar Al-`Ulaimi however he is known famously in history as Mujir ud-Din al-Hanbali.

Born in Sunday 13 Dhul Qa`dah 860 AH, the Imam began his life by memorising the Qur’an at an early age and learning hadith sciences from his father, Al-Qadi Muhammad ibn `Abdur-Rahman al-Maqdisi (807-873 AH), former chief Qadi of Ar-Ramlah, Jerusalem and Safad.

In the year 880 AH, he went to Egypt and took the companionship of Shaikh Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr as-Sa`di (d. 900 AH), the grand Qadi of Egypt, teacher at Al-Azhar and scholar of hadith.

Imam Mujir ud-Din al-Hanbali, upon the completion of his studies in 889 AH, he travelled back to Sham and took up residence in his hometown of Ar-Ramlah.

The Imam remained there for two years and in the year 891 AH, was declared by the scholars as the Qadi over Jerusalem, Al-Khalil and Nablus. In the year 893 AH, he decided to relinquish the position of Qadi over Nablus of his own will.

Imam Mujir ud-Din al-Hanbali remained as Qadi over the rest of his jurisdiction until the year 922 AH, when after the Ottomans took administration over the area chose a different Qadi in his place.

He received an ijazah from his teacher, Shaikh Al-Kamal ibn Abi Yusuf, upon completion of Al-Muqni` fil Fiqh by Imam Muwaffaq ud-Din Ibn Qudamah (d. 620 AH). He received an ijazah in the same year for this text from Shaikh Ahmad ibn `Abdur-Rahman ar-Ramli.

Still in that same year, he received ijazahs in Al-Muqni from the Shaikhs Ibrahim ibn `Abdur-Rahman al-Ansari and `Ali ibn Ibrahim al-Badrashi.

In the year 878 AH, he completed the memorisation of Imam Al-Khiraqi’s Al-Mukhtasar and was licensed in the text and received another license in Al-Muqni from two more teachers.

He made hajj in the year 908 AH and stayed there for one month. When he returned back to Sham, he spent his life worshipping, teaching and writing until his death in the year 927 AH and he was buried in Jerusalem.

The grave of the Shaikh suffered a large amount of damage in the 1390s and had to have extensive work done. Most of the damage came from fighting between the Muslims and Jews in Jerusalem.

His grave was renovated and updated and still stands today on the eastern side of Al-Masjid ul-Aqsa under a beautiful yet humble dome. We ask Allah that he bless this Imam with the highest palisades of the Paradise. Amin!

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