Tag Archives: Muhammad ibn `Abdul Wahhab

FAKE MUJTAHIDS AMONG THE LAITY

( معيار الاجتهاد والتقليد )

The Pitfalls of Ijtihad and Taqlid

by Shaikh Faaris ibn Faalih Al-Khazraji

رسالة إلى طلبة العلم سواء من طلبة الدراسات العليا أو خريجي كليات الشريعة أو المعاهد المفتوحة .

This is a message to the students of knowledge, whether they be in the highest levels of learning, outside of the universities of the Revealed Law or the open institutes.  

المجتهد من شروطه أن يكون عالمًا بآيات الأحكام ومواضعها ومعانيها وطرق الاستدلال بها ، وكذلك السنة وتمييز صحيحها عن ضعيفها في أقل الأحوال تقليد إمام في ذلك والناسخ والمنسوخ منها ، ومواطن الإجماع ، ثم العلم بأصول الفقه ، واللغة العربية بنحوها وصرفها وبلاغتها على الأقل .

The mujtahid has conditions and one of them is that he is a scholar of the ayat of judgement, their application, means and ways of extracting evidential affairs using them. And  likewise there is the Sunnah, differentiating the sahih from the da`if in the smallest of incidents in taqlid of an Imam in that, knowing the nasikh and mansukh of it, the places where Consensus is established. Then after this comes Usul ul-Fiqh, the Arabic language – its grammar and morphology – with its expression that is lost on all but a few.

سل نفسك هل أنت ممن امتلك آلة الاجتهاد وشروطه المختصرة الذكر آنفًا ، والمبسوطة في كتب أصول الفقه ؟!.

So ask yourself: Are you someone who has the tool of ijtihad? Do you have the conditions laid out briefly just moments ago that are laid out in detail in the books of Usul ul-Fiqh?

فإن كان جوابك : أنك لم تمتلك أدوات الاجتهاد وشروطه فأنت عامي مقلد قولًا واحدًا لا خلاف بين العلماء في ذلك مطلقًا .

So if your answer is no and you do not possess the tools of ijtihad and its condition, then you are a layman, making taqlid and this is one statement and there is no difference among the scholars in that at all.

أما قضية مجتهد مسألة :

Now there is one point that needs expression on the topic of the mujtahid.

فهي خلاف ما يفهمه العامي أنه يجوز له الاجتهاد في المسألة الواحدة دون   امتلاكه لشروط الاجتهاد وتوافرها فيه ، وهذا مما لا خلاف فيه أيضًا ، فمتى ما امتلك شروط الاجتهاد يجوز له ان يسمي نسفه مجتهد مسألة . حينها يمكن لك الاجتهاد

So on this point there is a difference of what the layman understands in that it is permitted for him to make ijtihad on the one principle without possessing the conditions of ijtihad and encompassing them. And this has no difference of opinion in it. So when he possesses the conditions of ijtihad in that area, he can permissibly call himself a mujtahid of a matter and at that time it is possible for you to make ijtihad.

.فمعيار الفرق بين الاجتهاد والتقليد

But the pitfall is the difference between ijtihad and taqlid.

ما قرره الأصوليون من شروط للاجتهاد ، وما سوى ذلك مزاعم لا صحة لها لا في الواقع وقد تكون في ذهن صاحبها .وليعلم أن دعاوى القدرة على الترجيح والنظر هي دعاوى فارغة من المحتوى خاوية لا حقيقة لها .

What the scholars of Usul have established from the conditions of ijtihad is well known and whatever is besides that represents claims that have no validity to them or reality and it is merely something in the mind of the carrier of such thoughts. So let it be know that the claims to be able to join between and examine evidences while not being a mujtahid are empty claims that are devoid of merit and have no reality to them.

وليحذر طالب العلم مهما حصَّل من ألقاب فإنها لن تشفع له يوم القيامة فقد حذرنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال القضاة ثلاثة : واحد في الجنة ، واثنان في النار ، فأما الذي في الجنة ، فرجل عرف الحق فقضى به ، ورجل عرف الحق ، فجار في الحكم ، فهو في النار ، ورجل قضى للناس على جهل فهو في النار » رواه عأبو داود.

Let the student of knowledge beware so that there does not result with him what has happened to others as there is no intercession for such a one on the Day of Resurrection. The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “There are three types of judges, one in the Paradise and two in the Fire. In the case of (1) the judge in the Paradise, he is a man that knows the truth and gives judgement by it. Then there is (2)a man who knows the truth but transgresses in the judgement and he is the Fire. And there is (3) a man who gives judgement for the people while ignorant and he is the Fire.” Collected by Imam Abu Dawud.

فأنظر نفسك بين هؤلاء وسلها أي الأقسام انا .

So look into yourself among all of the categories mentioned in the hadith and ask, “Which of these categories do I belong to?”

وكتب

فارس بن فالح الخزرجي

7 / 5 / 1442

This was written by Faris ibn Falih Al-Khazraji

7 Jumada Al-Uwla 1442

When Fighting Salafiyyah…There will be Imbalances…

In the war between Salafiyyah and Muslim Orthodoxy (Ar. Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah), there will be imbalances. Salafiyyah, which are nothing more than the Khawarij, are a response to these imbalances.

Their atrocities produce further outrages from the laity of Muslim Orthodoxy who are furious and dismayed by their scholar killing, law breaking, pre-pubescent female/male/infant raping ways.

One such example is the case of Umm Hanadi, 39, a grandmother from Iraq.

After refusal to join the “minhaj of the prophets,” her family was killed, including her second husband not long after the first was murdered, leaving her a widow (may Allah bless the man who lifted these difficulties and became her second husband).

She has rightly taken up arms to defend herself, her children, her tribe and land;

but other things have happened that show she has also been shell shocked by the war. She has stated that she not only beheads the men from Salafiyyah, but she also burns the bodies and puts the heads in cooking pots.

Similar outrages were brought about by Ibrahim Basha, who upon witnessing atrocities from Salafiyyah was so enraged that he transgressed the normal bounds of the Revealed Law in retarding the advance of Salafiyyah;

similar things happened when it reared its’ head in Egypt, but always returning to the balanced way of the scholars is best.

Armed resistance to Salafiyyah when it is killing, protecting itself with the sword/weapons and isolating itself with the sword/arms is indeed COMPULSORY, but the rules given to us by our Lord must be adhered to along with the statements of His Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and the rulings of the successors of the prophets, peace be upon them, namely the authorities. 

Please read the article below and understand that more of these occurrences are sure to occur.

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The Iraqi housewife who ‘cooked the heads’ of ISIS fighters

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‘More wanted than the Prime Minister’

Um Hanadi is not new to this.
“I began fighting the terrorists in 2004, working with Iraqi security forces and the coalition,” she says. As a result, she attracted the wrath of what eventually became al Qaeda in Mesopotamia, which later morphed into ISIS.
“I received threats from the top leadership of ISIS, including from Abu Bakr (al-Baghdadi) himself,” she says, referring to ISIS’s self-declared caliph.
“But I refused.”
“I’m at the top of their most wanted list,” she brags, “even more than the Prime Minister.”
Um Hanadi ticks off the times they planted car bombs outside her home. “2006, 2009, 2010, three car bombs in 2013 and in 2014.”
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Wahida Mohamed seen here in Shirqat, Iraq on Sept. 27, 2016.
Along the way, her first husband was killed in action. She remarried, but ISIS killed her second husband earlier this year. ISIS also killed her father and three brothers. They also killed, she added, her sheep, her dogs and her birds.
She narrowly escaped death as well.
“Six times they tried to assassinate me,” she says. “I have shrapnel in my head and legs, and my ribs were broken.”
She pulled back her headscarf to show her scars.
“But all that didn’t stop me from fighting,” she said.
Um Hanadi claims to have led her men in multiple battles against ISIS. General Jamaa Anad, the commander of ground forces in her native Salahuddin province, told me they had provided her group with vehicles and weapons.
General Anad, a short, compact, no-nonsense man of few words, simply says: “She lost her brothers and husbands as martyrs.”

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‘Check out my Facebook page’

After listing all the attacks against her, and all the loved ones lost to ISIS, Um Hanadi said: “I fought them. I beheaded them. I cooked their heads, I burned their bodies.”
She made no excuses, nor attempted to rationalize this.
It was delivered as a boast, not a confession. “This is all documented,” she said. “You can see it on my Facebook page.”
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So we checked. Among many pictures of her with her dead husbands, fighters and generals, there was a photo of her in the same black combat fatigues and headscarf holding what appeared to be a freshly severed head. Another showed two severed heads in a cooking pot.
In a third photograph, she is standing among partially-burned corpses. It’s impossible to verify whether the photos are authentic or Photoshopped, but we got the point.
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Um Hanadi describes herself as a “rabat manzal” — a housewife. She denied media reports she was a hairdresser, although a photo on her Facebook page shows her without a headscarf, in what appears to be a hair salon.
She has two daughters, aged 22 and 20. They are trained and ready to fight, she says, but are busy at the moment taking care of their children.
When we finished the interview, Um Hanadi’s entourage prepared to board their pickup trucks. I walked up to one of the trucks, where three men sat in the front seat. One pulled out a hand grenade.
“This is for Daesh,” he said, using the derogatory term for ISIS.
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“And so is this — to cut off their heads,” said the driver, pulling a long machete off the dashboard and brandishing it uncomfortably close to my face.

Imam Muhammad `Abdul Latif As-Subki

Figure 1A: A portrait of Imam Muhammad `Abdul Latif As-Subki
Figure 1A: A portrait of Imam Muhammad `Abdul Latif As-Subki

1304-1388 AH

Birth

He is Muhammad `Abdul Latif ibn Muhammad Musa As-Subki Al-Azhari Al-Masri Al-Hanbali Al-Khalwati. Born in the village of Subuk Ad-Dahhak in the district of Al-Manufiyyah in Egypt, he came from a family of upright people and due to the village he came from, he had the title As-Subki.

Early Life and Learning

After the completion of the Qur’an at a young age, he enrolled in Al-Azhar University and began a process of intensive study for the better part of two decades. Upon completion of his work, he had memorised the six books of hadith (these being the collections of Imams Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud At-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and An-Nasa’ii) as well as books of fiqh.

The fiqh manuals included Al-Muqni` by Imam Muwaffaq ud-Din Ibn Qudamah (d. 620 AH) and the summary Zad ul-Mustaqni` by Imam Musa al-Hajjawi (d. 968 AH) and built his fatawa upon Al-Kafi and Al-Mughni, both by Imam Muwaffaq ud-Din Ibn Qudamah Al-Maqdisi (d. 620 AH).

A Momentous Time

The Imam lived in the time when communism came to Egypt and he sacrificed himself to fight against it and also the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood under the leadership of the charismatic Sayyid Qutb.

Figure 2A: “I did not refer to that group as ‘the Muslim Brotherhood’ once I came to know that such a name was false for this group. After their numbers increased, it was known decisively their true objectives and their sinful outcomes could be seen by all. It contradicts all of what was known from before up until today. Indeed Islam in truth is trust, rectification of character, as well as beneficial deeds to be done by all. Yes, Islam is a call to righteousness and safety and the establishment, submission and travelling to the highest human objectives indicated in the light of the Book and the Sunnah of His Messenger.” Imam Muhammad `Abdul Latif As-Subki regarding the ‘Muslim Brotherhood.’
Figure 2A: “I did not refer to that group as ‘the Muslim Brotherhood’ once I came to know that such a name was false for this group. After their numbers increased, it was known decisively their true objectives and their sinful outcomes could be seen by all. It contradicts all of what was known from before up until today. Indeed Islam in truth is trust, rectification of character, as well as beneficial deeds to be done by all. Yes, Islam is a call to righteousness and safety and the establishment, submission and travelling to the highest human objectives indicated in the light of the Book and the Sunnah of His Messenger.” Imam Muhammad `Abdul Latif As-Subki regarding the ‘Muslim Brotherhood.’

During the year 1344 AH, he was declared as marja` and also asked to join a panel of some of the most influential scholars of Egypt. These scholars included himself, the Maliki marja` Hassanain Muhammad Makhluf, another Maliki marja` by the name of Muhammad at-Tanikhi, the Shafi`ii marja` `Isa Manun and the Hanafi jurist, Mahmud Shaltut, who was Shaikh ul-Azhar.

Across the border, a war was waging that would precipitate the later foundation of the state of Israel and letters poured in across the Muslim world asking what the ruling on the matter was according to the four madhhabs.

Imam as-Subki was the first one to pronounce on the issue and received citations from the other scholars in support of his work. This was not the end of his tests. The next test came from a close friend of his, Mahmud Shaltut.

Shaikh ul-Azhar for some time, Shaltut had passed numerous rulings stating that the Prophet `Isa, peace be upon him, was dead and would not return, the Punishment of the Grave was not established, usury taken from the banks was valid and that singly narrated ahadith were not part of the creed.

Like the vast majority of Hanafi jurists in the Muslim West from the second to the seventh century AH, Shaikh Shaltut was Mu`tazilah in his theology; but saying this, whenever he was debated with and overwhelmed by an argument, he would change his position.

Imams like As-Subki, Muhammad Sa`id Ramadan Al-Bouti, Muhammad Al-Ahmadi Az-Zawahiri (also a Shaikh ul-Azhar) and countless others spent their precious time debating with the Mu`tazilah Imam so that he might be guided.

The end result was that according to an eye witness account of Imam Muhammad Sa`id Ramadan Al-Bouti, on his death bed, Shaikh Shaltut ordered all previous books of his to be destroyed and affirmed the entire creed of Muslim Orthodoxy. He then died a short time after that.

Later Life and Death

Imam Muhammad `Abdul Latif As-Subki gave rulings above the number of 100 and published more than 10 books on a range of subjects such as communism, feminism, crop destruction, nuclear energy, the Muslim Brotherhood, the flaws inherent in representative government in addition to the texts detailing the link between destruction of marriage, children born out of wedlock and the later incidents of juvenile and adult crime.

He breathed his last in the year 1388 AH and was gathered to his people and buried. The footprint he left still leaves on and the Hanbali veranda he taught at is still inhabited and has instructors teaching there today.