Tag Archives: preparation for Ramadan

5 RAMADAN 1442: IS THE JUMU`AH NIGHT OR LAILAT UL-QADR GREATER IN RANK? PT.3

5 Ramadan 1442

This is the position adopted by our companions of the School regarding the Jumu`ah night being of a higher rank than Lailat ul-Qadr.

It was narrated to us by Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan ibn Muhammad who said: It was narrated to us by Abu Hatim Muhammad ibn `Abdul Wahid ibn Zakariyya’ Ar-Razi who said: It was narrated to me by Muhammad ibn Al-Hussain ibn Al-Khalil who said: It was narrated to us by Muhammad ibn Sama the scribe who said: It was narrated to us by `Utaiq ibn Muhammad.

And `Utaiq ibn Muhammad said: It was narrated to us by Ishaq ibn Bishr who said: It was narrated to us by Muqatil as narrated from Ad-Dahhak as narrated from Ibn `Abbas who said: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “On the Jumu`ah night, Allah does indeed forgive all the people of Islam”.

And this is a rank and virtue that has not been accorded to any other day.

In addition to this, it is narrated from him, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, that he said, “Send abundant peace and blessings upon me on the shining night as the most luminous day is the night and day of the Jumu`ah”.[1]

And the shining brightness of the thing is the best of it just like the statement, “The newborn is the bright and shining child of the male or female slave”.

Consider well that the Jumu`ah night we know by exactitude when it is whereas for the Lailat ul-Qadr does not have this exactitude.

Furthermore, the day follows the night and the favour of the daytime of the Jumu`ah does not have an equivalent reference made for the day of Al-Qadr. Anas ibn Malik narrated that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “The sun has not risen on a day grander and more respected in the Sight of Allah than the day of Jumu`ah and there is no day more beloved to him than the Jumu`ah”.[2]

And Abu Hurairah also narrated that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “The sun neither rises nor sets on a day more virtuous and favoured than the day of Jumu`ah. And there is no creature in the earth except that every time this day comes, it is afraid. The only creatures that do not are the jinn and men”.[3]


[1] Collected by Imam As-Suyuti in Ma`rifat us-Sunan wal-Athar, vol.1, pp.418-419

[2] Al-Fawa’id, hadith#35

[3] Musnad of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, hadith#

4 RAMADAN 1442: IS THE JUMU`AH NIGHT OR LAILAT UL-QADR GREATER IN RANK? PT.2

4 Ramadan 1442

It was narrated to me by Abu Tahir ibn Al-Ghubari[1] that Abul Hasan Al-Kharazi who used to say, “Indeed the Jumu`ah night is more virtuous”.

It was narrated to me by Abul Qasim Al-Mazrafi[2] from Abu `Abdullah Ibn Battah who used to say, “The Jumu`ah night is more virtuous”.

It was narrated to me by Abul `Abbas Al-Barmaki[3] that he found in the handwriting of his father, Abu Hafs Al-Barmaki,[4] the following, “The points of reference that necessitate this understanding[5]  of Jumu`ah night being more virtuous is the very statement of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, ‘The Jumu`ah night is one of illumination and glory’.[6]

And with that being said, I have also seen other people from the people of knowledge repudiating this understanding and advancing the position that Lailat ul-Qadr is more virtuous.


[1] d.432 (AD1046). He is Abu Tahir Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad Al-Ghubari. Please see Abul Hussain’s Tabaqat ul-Hanabilah, vol.3, pp. 246-247

[2] d.423 (AD 1037). He is Abul Qasim `Abdus-Salam ibn Al-Faraj Al-Mazrafi. High ranking scholar and student of Ibn Hamid, he was one of the premier scholars of Iraq. Please see Abul Hussain’s Tabaqat ul-Hanabilah, vol.3, pp. 332-333

[3] d.441 (AD 1055). Abul `Abbas Ahmad ibn `Umar ibn Ahmad Al-Barmaki. Scholar of high rank and narrator of early rulings in the School. Please see Abul Hussain’s Tabaqat ul-Hanabilah, vol.3, pp. 350-351

[4] d.387 (AD 1001). Abu Hafs `Umar ibn Ahmad ibn Ibrahim Al-Barmaki. One of the authorities of his time and contemporary to Imam Ibn Battah, he wrote a large tome on fiqh. Please see Abul Hussain’s Tabaqat ul-Hanabilah, vol.3, pp. 332-333

[5] Ar. dala’il (sing. dilalah).  Imam Muwaffaq ud-Din Ibn Qudamah, may Allah be pleased with him, said that the word carried the understanding, “So you should know that the dilalah of phrases posseses the meaning that can be put into the following points: 1) dilalah of agreement and complete meaning. So consider the use of the word ‘house,’ which is referring to all of the habitation that we know of when we use the word ‘house.’ 2) then there is the dilalah of the phrase that posseses part of the meaning. This would include the use of the word ‘roof’ or the word human being for body. 3) the dilalah of necessary knowledge. Like when you use the expression ‘roof,’ which is what goes over the walls. It is not a part of the roof but one cannot conceive of a roof without walls under it. So it is a composite part of the point of speech. So this type of speech cannot be used in investigating matters of the intellect as there are things that prove certain necessary statements. So there has to come a point when one understands another thing from just one word. Take for example the use of the word ‘roof,’ which necessitates that there must be walls under it. The walls are the foundation holding it up and the foundation of that is the Earth. So if there is a roof, there must be walls. Thus if there are walls, the rest of the house must be present which in turn is held in place by the earth and rock beneath it. These matters cannot be defined in a limited fashion but on the contrary can be limited to two points, namely that which corresponds and that which is part of the meaning.” Please see Rawdat un-Nazir wa Junnat ul-Munazir, vol.1, pp. 70-71.

The basic summation of all the different forms of dilalah is that the dilalah refers to something that must necessarily lead to another thing or another conclusion. So in the case of the roof, this leads to the understanding that there must be walls holding it up. This is so as there is only one understanding of roof that we have and if there is a structure held aloft and not be walls, then it is not a roof. The statement that the author used that the affair of the Ummah always being established until the Hour comes has a dilalah in it.

If the Ummah is always established rightly, then this means that this was the case before, is present now and will continue until the Day of Resurrection. Anything that would contradict that can thus be rejected. This is how the reader should understand the use of dilalah.

[6] cf. Al-Furu`, vol.5, pp.128-129; Al-Insaf, vol.7, pp.557-558

30 SHA`BAN 1442 – NO HILAL SEEN

How a blank sky appears when there is no hilal present on the 29th day of Sha`ban.

We went to sight the moon today at 7:00pm to our usual hillock and did not witness the hilal. Thus we checked with the closest portion of Dar ul-Islam to us that shared the same sky and found that they had not seen it either based upon this affair regarding Sha`ban.

This means that the month of Sha`ban will be 30 days and that Ramadan will start on Wednesday night (sunset on Tuesday) in accordance with the Revealed Law and what is commanded regarding sighting the moon.

And may Allah accept our sawm and all other affairs carried out in the month of Ramadan.

Until next time,

Al-Hajj Abu Ja`far Al-Hanbali

A MESSAGE FOR THOSE ABOUT TO BEGIN RAMADAN

الشيخ فارس بن فالح الخزرجي

[ جاءكم رمضان فمبارك عليكم ]

Now that Ramadan has come, I wish you blessings!

مشروعية التهنئة بقدوم رمضان

The things mandated at the onset of Ramadan:

قال الحافظ ابن رجب رحمه الله في اللطائف :

Al-Hafiz Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali (d.795), may Allah have mercy upon him, said in Lata’if:

” وكان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يبشر أصحابه بقدوم رمضان كما خرجه الإمام أحمد والنسائي عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال: كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يبشر أصحابه يقول:

The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, used to give his Companions glad tidings of the onset of Ramadan just as has been collected by the Imam, Ahmad ibn Hanbal and An-Nasa’ii from the narrative of Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, who said, “The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, gave glad tidings to his Companions by saying,

“قد جاءكم شهر رمضان شهر مبارك كتب الله عليكم صيامه فيه تفتح أبواب الجنان وتغلق فيه أبواب الجحيم وتغل فيه الشياطين فيه ليلة خير من ألف شهر من حرم خيرها فقد حرم” .

‘Ramadan has come to you, a month of blessing. Allah has written for you to make sawm for it and the gates of the gardens of the Paradise are opened, the gates of the Great Fire are closed and locked and the demons are chained up and restrained. There is one night in this month that is better than one thousand months. Whatever is declared impermissible in this month is indeed so’.

قال بعض العلماء: هذا الحديث أصل في تهنئة الناس بعضهم بعضا بشهر رمضان كيف لا يبشر المؤمن بفتح أبواب الجنان كيف لا يبشر المذنب بغلق أبواب النيران كيف لا يبشر العاقل بوقت يغل فيه الشياطين من أين يشبه هذا الزمان زمان.

Some of the scholars have said, “This hadith is a foundational principle for the conduct of the people towards one another in the month of Ramadan. How could a believer not rejoice at the opening of the doors of the gardens of Paradise? How could the sinner not rejoice at the locking of the gates of the Great Fire? How could the sensible one not rejoice at the chaining and restraining of the demons? And what time is like this time of ours that we have come into?”

وفي حديث آخر: “أتاكم رمضان سيد الشهور فمرحبا به وأهلا”.

There is another hadith in which the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, “The month of Ramadan has come to you. It is the best of all months. Glad tidings and welcome be to it!”

جاء شهر الصيام بالبركات … فأكرم به من زائر هو آت.

So the month of siyam has come with blessings. So take honour it in whoever has it visit him.

قال في حاشية اللبدي :

“وروي أن النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – كان يبشر أصحابه بقدوم رمضان . قال بعض أهل العلم: هذا الحديث أصل في تهنئة الناس بعضهم بعضًا بشهر رمضان. قلت: وعلى قياسه تهنئة المسلمين بعضهم بعضًا بمواسم الخيرات وأوقات وظائف الطاعات “.

Imam `Abdul Ghani Al-Lubadi (d.1319), may Allah have mercy upon him, remarked in his Hashiyah: “It is narrated that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, would give glad tidings to his Companions at the onset of Ramadan. Some of the people of knowledge said, ‘This hadith is a foundational principle in the conduct of people towards one another in the month of Ramadan’. I would say that this is based upon the qiyas upon the conduct of Muslims towards one another during all stipulated times of goodness and times where blessings of obedience should be carried out”.

قال  ابن مفلح : ” أما التهنئة بنعم دينية تجددت فتستحب لقصة كعب بن مالك رضي الله عنه، وفي “الصحيحين” أنه لما أنزل

Imam Shams ud-Din Ibn Muflih Al-Maqdisi (d.762), may Allah have mercy upon him, said, “As for the conduct which is for receiving a favour based upon the Religion and one renews such blessings, then this is praiseworthy based upon the story of Ka`b ibn Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, which is narrated in the two Sahihs in which the following was sent down:”

إنا فتحنا لك فتحا مبينا﴾ [الفتح: 1] ﴿.

Indeed We have given a clear and manifest victory to you.

[Surat ul-Fath (48), ayah 1]

الآداب الشرعية ٣ / ٢٢٩

And this was cited by the Imam in Al-Adab ush-Shar`iyyah, vol.3, p.229

تقبل الله طاعاتكم

And may Allah accept from you all the righteous deeds that you might do.

نقله فارس الخزرجي

And this was dictated by the hand of (Shaikh) Faaris ibn Faalih Al-Khazraji

PREPARATORY MEASURES FOR RAMADAN

The late reciter, hadith teacher and tafsir master, Shaikh `Umar Abdur-Rahman

]حال طالب العلم وشهر رمضان [

The Condition of the Student of Knowledge while in the month of Ramadan

كان أئمة المسلمين إذا أقبل شهر رمضان يتركون مجالس التحديث والعلم ، ويتفرغون لقراءة القرآن والاجتهاد في العبادة .

The Imams of the Muslims, upon the onset of Ramadan, they used to leave the gatherings of hadith narration and knowledge and busy themselves with recitation of the Qur’an and exerting themselves in worship.

قال ابن عبد البر رحمه الله :   قال  يونس بن يزيد: “كان ابن شهاب إذا دخل رمضان فإنما هو تلاوة القرآن وإطعام الطعام، وكان ابن شهاب أكرم الناس وأخباره في الجود كثيرة جدا نذكر منها لمحة دالة” . ( 6 / 111).

Imam Ibn `Abdul Barr (d.463) stated, “Yunus ibn Yazid (d.159) stated that when the month of Ramadan entered, Ibn Shihab (d.124) would only be reciting the Qur’an and feeding the people. And Ibn Shihab (Az-Zuhri) was the most generous of people and the narratives about him in great generosity we could mention in abundance”. At-Tamhid, vol.6, p.111

قال ابن رجب رحمه الله

 “وكان الزهري إذا دخل رمضان قال: فإنما هو تلاوة القرآن وإطعام الطعام. قال ابن عبد الحكم: كان مالك إذا دخل رمضان يفر من قراءة الحديث ومجالسة أهل العلم وأقبل على تلاوة القرآن من المصحف .

Imam Ibn Rajab (d.795) stated, “(Ibn Shihab) Az-Zuhri at the time of Ramadan would state that it was only a time for recitation of the Qur’an and feeding people with food for sadaqah. Ibn `Abdul Hakam remarked that Imam Malik ibn Anas (d.179) in the month of Ramadan would leave from reading hadith and the gatherings of knowledge and focus himself on recitation of the Qur’an from the mushaf.

قال عبد الرزاق: كان سفيان الثوري: إذا دخل رمضان ترك جميع العبادة وأقبل على قراءة القرآن “. لطائف المعارف 171.

“Imam `Abdur-Razzaq As-Sana`ani (d.211) mentioned that Imam Sufyan Ath-Thawri (d.161) at the time of the entrance of the month of Ramadan would leave all other worship and focus on recitation of the Qur’an”. Lata’if ul-Ma`arif, p.171  

فجدوا واجتهدوا فإنها مواسم الخيرات .

So they became focused, exerted themselves in worship and these were only times for competing in good deeds.

فارس الخزرجي

As written by (Shaikh) Faaris ibn Faalih Al-Khazraji

SEEKING FORGIVENESS

سَيِّدُ الْإِسْتِغْفَارِ

عن شداد بن أوس عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم سَيِّدُ الْإِسْتِغْفَارِ أَنْ تَقُولَ:

Shaddad ibn `Aws narrated from the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, who said, “The very best of istighfar is that you say:

اللّٰهُمَّ أَنْتَ رَبِّي، لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ، خَلَقْتَنِيْ وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ، وَأَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ، أَعُوْذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا صَنَعْتُ، 

Allah! You are my Lord! There is no god but You! You created me and I am Your Slave! I am upon Your Covenant, Your Promise as much as I can! I seek refuge in you from the evil of what I have perpetrated.

أَبُوءُ لَكَ بِنِعْمَتِكَ عَلَىَّ وَأَبُوءُ لَكَ بِذَنْبِيْ، فَاغْفِرْ لِيْ، فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوْبَ إِلَّاأَنْتَ

I admit Your Favour upon me and I admit to you the sin I have committed. Forgive me! Indeed there is none that can forgive sins but You!

قال: من قالها من النهار موقنًا بها فمات من يومه قبل أن يمسي فهو من أهل الجنة ومن قالها من الليل وهو موقن بها فمات قبل أن يصبح فهو من أهل الجنة

“Whoever said this in the day with certainty in it and then dies before evening shall be from the People of the Paradise. And whoever said it in the night with certainty in it and died before daybreak came shall be from the People of the Paradise”.[1]


[1] Ash-Shami, Al-Jami` bain As-Sahihain: Al-Bukhari, vol.2, Section 3: Ibadat, pp. 504-505