Tag Archives: Shaikhs of Qur’an

PREPARATORY MEASURES FOR RAMADAN

The late reciter, hadith teacher and tafsir master, Shaikh `Umar Abdur-Rahman

]حال طالب العلم وشهر رمضان [

The Condition of the Student of Knowledge while in the month of Ramadan

كان أئمة المسلمين إذا أقبل شهر رمضان يتركون مجالس التحديث والعلم ، ويتفرغون لقراءة القرآن والاجتهاد في العبادة .

The Imams of the Muslims, upon the onset of Ramadan, they used to leave the gatherings of hadith narration and knowledge and busy themselves with recitation of the Qur’an and exerting themselves in worship.

قال ابن عبد البر رحمه الله :   قال  يونس بن يزيد: “كان ابن شهاب إذا دخل رمضان فإنما هو تلاوة القرآن وإطعام الطعام، وكان ابن شهاب أكرم الناس وأخباره في الجود كثيرة جدا نذكر منها لمحة دالة” . ( 6 / 111).

Imam Ibn `Abdul Barr (d.463) stated, “Yunus ibn Yazid (d.159) stated that when the month of Ramadan entered, Ibn Shihab (d.124) would only be reciting the Qur’an and feeding the people. And Ibn Shihab (Az-Zuhri) was the most generous of people and the narratives about him in great generosity we could mention in abundance”. At-Tamhid, vol.6, p.111

قال ابن رجب رحمه الله

 “وكان الزهري إذا دخل رمضان قال: فإنما هو تلاوة القرآن وإطعام الطعام. قال ابن عبد الحكم: كان مالك إذا دخل رمضان يفر من قراءة الحديث ومجالسة أهل العلم وأقبل على تلاوة القرآن من المصحف .

Imam Ibn Rajab (d.795) stated, “(Ibn Shihab) Az-Zuhri at the time of Ramadan would state that it was only a time for recitation of the Qur’an and feeding people with food for sadaqah. Ibn `Abdul Hakam remarked that Imam Malik ibn Anas (d.179) in the month of Ramadan would leave from reading hadith and the gatherings of knowledge and focus himself on recitation of the Qur’an from the mushaf.

قال عبد الرزاق: كان سفيان الثوري: إذا دخل رمضان ترك جميع العبادة وأقبل على قراءة القرآن “. لطائف المعارف 171.

“Imam `Abdur-Razzaq As-Sana`ani (d.211) mentioned that Imam Sufyan Ath-Thawri (d.161) at the time of the entrance of the month of Ramadan would leave all other worship and focus on recitation of the Qur’an”. Lata’if ul-Ma`arif, p.171  

فجدوا واجتهدوا فإنها مواسم الخيرات .

So they became focused, exerted themselves in worship and these were only times for competing in good deeds.

فارس الخزرجي

As written by (Shaikh) Faaris ibn Faalih Al-Khazraji

ETIQUETTE WITH THE QUR’AN PT.4

The above text is a PDF in Arabic with English translation of a section of Al-Muntaha by Imam Al-Futuhi (d. 972) with Imam Al-Buhuti’s (d. 1051) on the topic of the mushaf and the respect due to it.

This was the text that I used when I taught the believers the opening tajwid and other rulings. We covered this and another text before I would let them touch the mushaf. This stands as a sober reminder to all regarding the sanctity of the Qur’an, the respect due to it, the holiness of Allah and His Righteousness.

I hope this is of benefit to all in question.

Until next time,

Al-Hajj Abu Ja`far Al-Hanbali

ETIQUETTE WITH THE QUR’AN PT.3

Reciting the Qur’an from a device that carries it

The following question was asked of a marja`:

Is it permitted to recite the Qur’an from a mobile phone[1] without wudu’?

The marja, Imam Abdur-Rahman Ash-Shami, may Allah preserve him, answered with what follows,

At the time that the ayat of the Qur’an appear on the mobile phone,[2] at that point this object receives the same ruling as a page from the mushaf[3] and thus it is compulsory to have wudu’ in order to touch it.


[1] American: cell phone

[2] This means before that point wudu’ is not required to carry it as one is merely carrying the Qur’an.

[3] The mushaf is the place where the entirety of the Arabic Qur’an, that very book which was sent down upon the Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, is written out in full without any commentary or attribution of any other book or language.

QUICK MESSAGE: THE WAY RECITATION IS MEANT TO BE…

Figure 1A: The Imam leading people in prayer.

The video below shows a very good presentation of recitation in the narration of Hafs from `Asim by the Imam of Reciters in this age, Mahmud Khalil Al-Husri. Please enjoy and reflect on the deeper significance of the ayat and his adherence to the rules of stopping, recitation, maqamat and so many other things.

Shaikh Muwaffaq `Uyun

Figure 1A: Shaikh Muwaffaq at a gathering in the Central Masjid in Duma.
Figure 1A: Shaikh Muwaffaq at a gathering in the Central Masjid in Duma.

He is Muwaffaq Mahmud `Uyun Al-Hanbali Ad-Dumi. He was born in the city of Duma in Syria in the year 1377 AH (AD 1958) and took knowledge from his father in his early years at the Nizamiyyah School of Primary Studies.

Shaikh Muwaffaq went on to memorise the Qur’an and then went to Intermediate School of Engineering at the University of Damascus.

The Shaikh – having already completed the memorisation of Qur’an from the narration of Hafs from `Asim – decided to study the major ten recitations according to the Shatibi methods.

After this, he went headlong into the different branches of knowledge in the Revealed Law with numerous teachers and upon being given permission to teach immediately started his service within the community.

His teachers include:

  1. Imam Ahmad Ash-Shami, the marja` based on Duma. He taught Shaikh Muwaffaq fiqh.

2. Imam `Abdur-Rahman Ash-Shami, the marja` based in Duma who also taught Shaikh Muwaffaq additional books in fiqh.

3. Shaikh Muhy ud-Din Al-Kurdi, who gave Shaikh Muwaffaq time in teaching him the different levels of narrations.

4. Shaikh Muhammad Isma`il Al-`Arini, who gave him time to learn the Shatibiyyah in recitation.

5. Shaikh Muwaffaq `Uyun has numerous students and enjoys teaching the Qur’an, hearing it recited and benefiting from the blessings of the faith. We ask that Allah have mercy upon all our           scholars and bless us with good recitation and steadfastness in this month of Ramadan.

 

Until next time,

Al-Hajj Abu Ja`far Al-Hanbali